Study Guide

Richard II Characters

By William Shakespeare

A Note on Names

You probably noticed that a lot of characters in this play have multiple names, which can make...

King Richard II

The most important thing to know about King Richard II is this: the guy literally thinks he's...

Henry Bolingbroke (Henry IV)

Henry Bolingbroke (a.k.a. the Duke of Hereford and later the Duke of Lancaster) kicks butt and...

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster

Here's what you need to know about John of Gaunt: he's Henry Bolingbroke's dad, he's really...

Duke of York

The Duke of York is King Richard's uncle and one of his most trusted advisors (sort of like Tom...

The Queen

The queen is married to Richard. Technically and historically she has a name (Isabella), but...

The Duchess of Gloucester

The Duchess of Gloucester is the widow of Thomas of Woodstock, the Duke of Gloucester. The first...

The Duchess of York

The Duchess of York is a lot like one of those mama bears who defend their cubs against any and...

Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk

Loyalty is an important theme in this play. Mowbray (a.k.a. Norfolk) is one of the few characters...

Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland

Northumberland (a.k.a. Percy) is pretty bitter under Richard's government. He's unhappy with the...

Henry Percy

Henry Percy is the Earl of Northumberland's son. We find out in Act 2, Scene 2 that he's turned...

Duke of Aumerle

Aumerle is the Duke of York's son and a bit of a puzzle in the play. He's one of the only...

Exton

Exton only appears in a couple of scenes at the end of the play, so it can be hard to remember...

The Gardener

The Gardener is a sassy, politics-loving, poetry speaking landscaper. His main role in the play...

Bushy, Bagot, and Green

Bushy, Bagot, and Green are King Richard's more or less interchangeable yes-men. Throughout the...

Prince Hal

Prince Hal (the star of Henry IV Part 1 and Part 2) doesn't make an appearance onstage in Richard...