Study Guide

The Female Man Allusions

By Joanna Russ

Allusions

Literary and Philosophical Figures

  • Martin Luther (4.3.2) (8.10.30)
  • Friedrich Engels (4.5.1)
  • Sigmund Freud (4.10.16) (6.6.9) (7.2.10)
  • Christopher Marlowe (5.9.2)
  • William Shakespeare (5.9.2) (7.1.20)
  • Irving Howe (5.9.10)
  • Thomas Hardy (5.9.10)
  • A.H. Maslow (5.9.11)
  • Bernard Shaw (7.1.17)
  • Plato (7.2.8)
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley (7.5.4)
  • William Blake (8.9.29)
  • Betty Friedan (9.7.29)
  • Kate Millet (9.7.29)
  • Germaine Greer (9.7.29)
  • Shulamith Firestone (9.7.29)

Literary and Sociological Texts

  • Friedrich Engels, The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (4.5.1)
  • Geoffrey Chaucer, Parliament of Foules (4.10.21)
  • Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (5.9.9)
  • Walt Kelly, Pogo (5.10.5-6)
  • Brandon Thomas, Charley's Aunt (6.7.1)
  • John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women (7.1.3)
  • Alexander Pope, An Essay on Man (7.2.10)
  • Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma: The N**** Problem and Modern Democracy (7.5.1)
  • Martha Finley, Elsie Dinsmore (9.7.29)
  • Edith Maude Hull, The Son of the Sheik (9.7.29)

Individual Characters Named from Literature, Folklore, and Myth

  • Humpty Dumpty (3.4.25)
  • Aphrodite (3.2.6)
  • Clarissa, from Samuel Richardson's Clarissa (3.2.6)
  • Zeus (5.16.1)
  • Atropos (6.9.26)
  • Sleeping Beauty (6.9.26)
  • Uriah Heep, from Charles Dickens's David Copperfield (7.1.3)
  • Rhadamanthus (7.1.3)
  • The Cheshire Cat, from Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (7.1.3)
  • Grendel's Mother, from Beowulf (7.1.9)
  • Faust (7.1.14)
  • Anna Karenina, from Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina (8.7.24)
  • Cinderella (8.8.1)
  • Brynhildr (8.9.31) (9.6.1) (9.6.4)
  • Mistresses Doasyouwouldbedoneby and Bedonebyasyoudid, from Charles Kingsley's The Water Babies (8.9.33)
  • Baba Yaga (8.9.1)

Biblical References

  • Jesus of Nazareth (1.8.2)
  • The Angel of Pestilence (5.4.1)
  • The Garden of Eden (5.17.2)
  • The Prophetess Deborah (7.1.17)
  • Christ on the Cross (7.2.8)
  • Moses (7.2.10)
  • 1 John 1.8 (7.3.1)
  • Eve (8.9.19)
  • Jael's name is a recurring biblical reference; the Old Testament Jael appears in Judges 4.18-24 (throughout)

Historical Figures

  • Chiang Kai-shek (2.10.1)
  • Soong Mei-ling, a.k.a. Madame Chiang (2.10.1)
  • Genghis Khan (4.5.1) (4.11.5) (9.6.3)
  • The Praetorian Guard (5.6.3)
  • Aristophanes (5.6.3)
  • Marie of Romania (6.5.29)
  • Christopher Columbus (7.1.20)
  • Alger Hiss (7.1.20)
  • Mata Hari (7.1.20)
  • Thomas Nashe (7.2.4)
  • Moses (7.2.10)
  • Joan of Arc (3.2.84) (7.5.12)
  • Galileo (7.5.12)

Symphonies and Concertos

Pop Culture

  • Mae West (4.5.1) (9.3.1)
  • Marlene Dietrich (4.5.1)
  • Star Trek (4.5.1)
  • John Wayne (4.13.19)
  • Maureen O'Hara (4.13.19)
  • Kirk Douglas (6.5.28)
  • Buster Crabbe, aka Flash Gordon (7.1.17)
  • Rodan (7.1.11)
  • King Kong (7.1.12)
  • Linus (7.2.10)
  • Greta Garbo (8.2.5) (8.7.24)
  • Victoria de los Angeles (9.3.3)
  • Jean Arthur (9.3.1)
  • Humphrey Bogart (9.4.8) (9.4.25)
  • James Bond (9.4.8)
  • Superman (9.4.8)
  • Douglas Fairbanks (9.4.8)