It's all but impossible to write a poem about pregnancy and not tackle the theme of women and femininity head on. That's just what Plath does in "Metaphors." In her slew of comparisons, she paints a picture of what it means to be an expectant mother in her day and age, and let Shmoop tell you: that picture? It ain't pretty.
The metaphors in this poem show that the speaker feels as if, as a pregnant woman, she's become a valued commodity rather than a human being.
The references to fruit in this poem connect the speaker to the biblical first woman, Eve, and her perceived sin of eating the forbidden fruit.
Let's face it: when a woman's pregnant, her looks change. That's just a fact of life. And it's this fact that Plath chooses to hone in on her pregnancy poem, "Metaphors." The visual imagery describing the new look of the pregnant speaker just goes to show that when you're with child, the world looks at you differently. And for Plath, that's not a good thing.
The imagery in this poem shows us that even when pregnant, a woman's appearance is prized over anything else.
This poem shows how the changes in appearance caused by being pregnant can affect women negatively.
While we're not explicitly told that "Metaphors" takes place in a different world or dream reality, there's not much of the real world coming through in this poem. We have to break through a metaphorical version of reality to find it. Through metaphors, this poem sets up a different universe, which connects back to the real world in surprising ways. It's important to see the world that the poem has literally created, sure, but it's also important to see how this imaginary world links back to the real world of this pregnant woman's life.
The metaphors in this poem establish an alternate reality that sheds light on the real world.
This poem shows that being pregnant can shift a woman's reality.