Study Guide

Sonnet 147

By William Shakespeare

Sonnet 147 Introduction

So you might not want to stand too close to the speaker of Sonnet 147 because the guy is feeling pretty under-the-weather these days.

"What's wrong?" you ask. Well, he's got a burning "fever" that's killing him and turning him into a raving madman. Metaphorically speaking, that is. You see, in reality, he's crazy in lust with someone he knows isn't good for him but, he just can't stay away from her because his desire is all sick and twisted like a "disease" (2).

TMI, dude.

We know that a lot of Shakespeare's 154 sonnets are about the pitfalls of sexual desire, but this is probably the scariest one of all. When literary critic Harold Bloom calls this "the most terrifying erotic poem [he] know[s]," we totally believe him (source).

Sonnet 147 falls toward the end of what literary critics like to call the "Dark Lady" sequence. That's the group of sonnets (127-152) that are mostly about the speaker's steamy affair with a dark-haired mistress. (Check out Sonnet 130 if you want to meet her because that's where the speaker gives us his infamous description of her physical features.)

So how do we know Sonnet 147 is about this "Dark Lady"? Well, to be fair, we can't ever really know for sure because the speaker never mentions any names and he doesn't really say whether or not he's talking about a man or a woman here. That said, we think there's a big clue in this sonnet's famous final couplet. That's where the speaker calls out his lover for being "as black as hell, as dark as night" (13-14). Translation: he's accusing someone of being ugly and morally corrupt. It turns out that bashing his mistress' dark physical features while accusing her of promiscuity is something the speaker does a lot in this sonnet sequence. What a jerk, right? (Head on over to "Calling Card," and we'll tell you more about it.)

A few more things before we turn you loose on this sonnet. We've said it before and we'll say it again: we know there are a ton of conspiracy theories out there about whether or not the sonnets are based on Shakespeare's life. (Heck. Even the guy who wrote A Clockwork Orange seemed to like the idea that Sonnet 147 is all about Shakespeare picking up a nasty case of syphilis (source)). These days, most scholars argue that there's no evidence that we can or should read the sonnets autobiographically. That's why we talk about the speaker of Sonnet 147 as if he's a character or—not Big Willy himself.

And finally, you should also know that Shakespeare probably cranked out his 154 sonnets in the 1590s but they weren't published together until 1609. That's when a shady guy named Thomas Thorpe published SHAKE-SPEARES SONNETS. Until then, it seems like Shakespeare probably just passed the sonnets around to close pals and a few patrons (a.k.a. the dudes who offered support and helped bankroll projects).

What is Sonnet 147 About and Why Should I Care?

Look. We're not going to bother telling you that you should care about this sonnet because Shakespeare was the greatest poet who ever lived. That would be like "saying that King Kong is bigger than other monkeys." At least that's what Bard expert Stephen Booth is always saying (source).

What we will tell you is this: if your Sex-Ed teacher was going to use a poem as a scare tactic, Sonnet 147 would probably be the one you'd have to read in class… right before that horrifying slideshow that required a permission slip from your parents.

In other words, Sonnet 147 is all about the destructive power of uncontrolled sexual desire. It serves as a kind of cautionary tale about what can happen when lust gets out of control. Just look at our poor speaker—the guy knows he's in an unhealthy relationship with someone who is totally cheating on him but he can't stay away from her. (Even though there's some evidence in the poem that his mistress has given him a rather unpleasant STD, too.)

Sonnet 147 Resources

Websites

The Amazing Website of Shakespeare's Sonnets
It really is amazing, this website. Read all 154 sonnets online, browse the picture gallery, and pick up boatloads of nifty facts about Shakespeare's work.

Shmoop-SPEARE
We'll give you the 411 on Shakespeare. Plus, we hook you up with links to other study guides, videos, pictures, and more.

Cool iPad App: The Sonnets by William Shakespeare
If you've got an iPad, you're in luck. Touchpress has got a really cool app that lets you get crazy interactive with the sonnets.

Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet
Click here for tons of info on Will Shakespeare and a zillion links to other great websites.

Video

Sonnet 147 in the Psych Ward
In this performance, the speaker is a woman ranting and raving from a room in a psychiatric hospital. The video is from Shakespeare's Sonnets in the City.

Sonnet 147 in Straightjackets
Tangocentiric's performance at Celebrity Sonnets features music and dance and… straightjackets.

Audio

Listen to Shakespeare's Sonnets for Free
That's right. We said free.

Images

Sonnet 147 on a T-Shirt
You know. Just in case you forget the words.

Historical Documents

1609 Edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets
This is pretty cool. You can scroll through images from one of the first editions online, with no need for a time machine.

Books

Shakespeare's Sonnets
The Folger Shakespeare Library has a nice edition that includes an introduction to each sonnet with some helpful notes. Check it out, compliments of GoogleBooks.

The Sonnets (2008)
This one's edited by famous Shakespeare scholar Harold Bloom and gives a solid, overall introduction to the sonnets. It's also full of essays by other literary critics, too, if you're feelin' fancy.

Shakespeare's Sonnets (2000)
Stephen Booth's edition of the sonnets (including analysis) was first published in 1977 and is an award-winning classic for a reason.

Movies & TV

A Waste of Shame: The Mystery of Shakespeare and his Sonnets (2005)
This one's pretty cool. The made-for-television drama from the BBC explores the circumstances that may have led Shakespeare to write the sonnets.

Shakespeare's Sonnets (2012)
A boatload of famous actors perform the sonnets. Bonus: it's available on DVD.

In Search of Shakespeare (2004)
This four-part PBS series is more like a detective story than some boring old documentary and features a bunch of great actors from the Royal Shakespeare Company.