ime to learn about sailing...takes me away to where I've always heard it could be, just a dre––oh. Not the Grammy award winning song of the year "Sailing"? Real sailing? Well, there goes our lesson plan.
|Social Studies||History of Technology|
|Technology||History of Technology|
Italian dude accidentally sailed into the Caribbean. well today we're setting
the record straight. sailing did not start with ol Chris. it
started around 3000 BCE with the Egyptians, and it has a long history of
crucial improvements brave expeditions and wild money-making schemes. we've
spent a lot of time talking about the magical combination of big critters good
roads and wheeled vehicles. little trade networks growing cities globalization [witch stirs a brew]
and vehicles did all that right? no not quite.
sailing was actually the technology that contributed to globalization the most.
take that real vehicles. sales were one of those things that appeared
independently all around the world as far apart as Egypt and Ecuador. the most
early sales worked on the same principle. if the win was directly behind you you
could raise a big square of cloth and the wind would push you in that
direction. well modern sailboats are a lot more complicated than that. the
cruise always shout things like get hoist the rigging and tack three degrees
northward on the lead jib something like that. [people attempt to sail a modern sail boat]
obviously we've never actually been on a sailboat but we know they're complicated
and we know enough to stay off the poop deck. by 1200 BCE the Greeks and
Phoenicians had improved on early designs and built sails that could swing
on a boom to face the wind. that means the wind didn't always have to be
pointing in precisely for the direction they wanted to go well. they also cheated
a little bit and had rows of long oars that could steer and power the boat
whenever the wind couldn't. well for several hundred years the combination of
sail and sweat was the best thing on the maritime scene. but there was another
problem. how did they know where they were going you know in the wide open
ocean? well most ancient civilizations have a
simple solution to that problem. don't go into the wide open ocean. so [two men ask Siri for navigation aboard their old style sailing ship]
most chefs spent their voyages hugging the coast. well if they went into open
waters they relied on stars for navigation which sounds nice and all but
we prefer soothing robotic tones of a GPS thank you very much.
despite the iffy navigation and simple sails ancient people did a lot with
their ships. the Greeks and Romans built huge and deadly navies and the Romans
even hooked catapults to their ships and bombarded cities. while other societies
who weren't as smash and Burney as the Romans used sailing ships for
exploration. the Phoenicians were some of the first great long-distance sailors
and they managed to explore most of the north african coast.
the Phoenicians also created an alphabet that was adopted by the Greeks and
further mutated by the Romans. though they might not have been as smashing
Burney has the Romans but they still made their mark on the world and it was
their seafaring skills that allowed them to do so. that and the slight insanity it [man in robes receives a trophy ]
took to sail off into the Mediterranean in one of those old-school sail boats.
seriously what were they thinking? we would have waited for the Carnival
Cruise Line. [man hitch hikes on the beach]