Modern World History 11.2: USSR and China: Revolutionary Period

How did Russia and China walk themselves back from the dictatorial abyss?

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Transcript

00:25

people to own private property they allow people to buy sell and start

00:29

businesses they won't send in a SWAT team to close down a lemonade stand [SWAT member appears at girls lemonade stand]

00:34

so yeah progress Russia began its move toward a free market economy in 1991

00:38

after the Soviet Union fell you know kind of like disbanded well China's [USSR flag falls on the floor]

00:43

economic reforms began in the late 1970s with the decollectivization of farms

00:49

let's go the government didn't own this budget while there are still state-owned

00:53

enterprises in China the country is a member of the World Trade Organization

00:58

it is also everyone's favorite economic boogeyman China catches a cold the rest [Chinese cash blows it's nose]

01:04

of us get Ebola they're so powerful got it well second Russia and China now have

01:08

elections kind of okay not really while Russia technically has free elections [Russians cuing for election day]

01:14

you can't really call them democratic when Putin and his pals are the only

01:18

ones on the ballot every time it's like your parents letting you decide what you

01:23

can have for dinner but the only options are tilapia and halibut yeah we've been [Man and woman holding fish]

01:27

there as for China well you have to be a member of the Communist Party in order

01:31

to vote in local elections everybody on that ballot is also a member of the

01:35

Communist Party by the way yeah communism will sort it but it's not [Election ballot appears]

01:39

really communism anymore the third if you're a member of the government elite

01:42

life is good wait wasn't like that before Russia and trying to ditch

01:47

communism if you're an athlete then it's really good part well fourth Russia and [People walking past security into discotech]

01:53

China are no longer spreading the gospel of communism as told unto them by Saint

01:57

Karl Marx now they're just trying to scare the stuffing out of their

02:00

neighbors it's kind of working Russia is still super attached in the

02:04

territories it ruled when it was heading up the Soviet Union these territories

02:09

and Putin gets my gun happy when those territories are sovereign nations try to [Putin looking at territories]

02:15

make nice with anybody who isn't Russia well China in the meantime spends its

02:20

time trying to take over the world okay maybe in China done trying to take over

02:24

the world but definitely Asia right well the Chinese claim Taiwan and Tibet is

02:28

their own although the Taiwanese and the Tibetans beg to differ

02:32

the Chinese are also always on the hunt for a stronger position in the South

02:35

China Sea we've got that volatile neighbor there in North Korea they have [Arrow points to North Korea]

02:39

to worry about well right now they're building lots of artificial islands and

02:43

making lots of other countries well angry and not exactly doing loving [Islands appear with Chinese flags]

02:47

things for the fish they're like that one neighbor who's always hammering away [Chinese neighbor drilling]

02:51

it's the new project every Sunday morning and driving everyone else nuts

02:54

well finally the Chinese and the Russians didn't care about pollution

02:57

when they were communist countries and that attitude is unfortunately slow to [Steam bellowing out of plant]

03:03

change yeah which is fine we've got plenty of time no rush [Water dripping]