U.S. History 1877-Present 8.6: FDR and The New Deal

WAR! What is it good for? Absolutely nothing-- well... profit. It's pretty good for profit.

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U.S. HistoryU.S. History 1877-Present

Transcript

00:25

when Hoover lost in a landslide to democratic challenger Franklin Delano [Map of the US showing what states voted for Roosevelt or Hoover]

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Roosevelt in 1932 Americans wanted a new approach a new philosophy a new deal the

00:37

new deal was Roosevelt's philosophy for saving America from the Great Depression [Roosevelt giving a speech on the Great Depression]

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it was a hurricane of federally funded programs committees and job-creating

00:46

agencies designed to give direct aid to the poor jobless and disenfranchised

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shortly after taking office Roosevelt explained to the American people that [Roosevelt explaining the three R's to the American people]

00:55

his new deal program was all about the 3 R's relief, recovery and reform. You know

01:01

a'la Roosevelt some say he wanted to add a fourth R for rutabagas but even

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starving hokies that weren't into that well the truth is some R's were more [A hungry family living in a rundown area]

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successful than others in the field of relief the new deal totally rocked it

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out millions of Americans might have starved to death have done for the [Children burying their heads into their mothers shoulders]

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government checks they earned by working for new agencies like the Civilian

01:21

Conservation Corps and the works progress administration there's also no

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doubt that the New Deal delivered on reform for better or worse than national [A big thumbs up beside the word reform]

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song became changes well it would have been if David Bowie had been born yet

01:35

Roosevelt's program drastically altered the relationship between the capitalist

01:39

markets the people and their government the New Deal created for the first time [American person stood between capitalism and the US government logo]

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in this country's history, a government that actively tried to provide citizens

01:48

with some protection against the unpredictable free market well at this

01:52

point many Americans thought of the market like that one's awesome pet tiger [Man stood outside a house beside a tiger with a 'free market' sticker on it's belly]

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who eventually got bored and ate you. So the majority wasn't complaining when the

02:01

feds started building a cage some think the swelling of the government helped [Cage drops down on a tiger]

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the country's long-term prospects others think it put a damper on economic growth

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but even though people don't agree on whether the new

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reforms were good or bad they were a tsunami sized wave of change the one [A tsunami wave depicting the change of times in the US]

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area where the new deal was a definite flop was recovery as Roosevelt's

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political enemies fought and the new deal failed to end the Great Depression

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throughout the 1930's the depression continued to whack America with a king [Fist of king kong hitting the US]

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kong sized fist. Unemployment remained brutally high an economic growth was

02:34

slower than a new period BBC series in the end it took World War two to finally [Turtle wearing Downton Abbey sticker overtaking a turtle wearing an Economic Growth sticker]

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give the economy the jolt it needed all those guns bombs and planes weren't

02:43

going to make themselves you know instead all those war factories needed real live [Women working in a war factory]

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human employees and since most America was out of work well those factories

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didn't have any trouble filling the positions. At long last America was once

02:56

again at full employment in a way by doing exactly what the new deal had been [People working on a tank and a US soldier standing in front of the American flag]

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attempting providing government created jobs ironically then Adolf Hitler

03:06

probably did more to end the Great Depression in America than FDR should we [Adolf Hitler stood outside a large government building]

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have sent Adolf a thank you card? errr, no.