© 2015 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.


Over 100,000 Courses, Test Prep Resources, and Learning Guides, armed with gallons of academic WD-40 to make learning easy and fun.

You see ads. We pay rent. Fair? Fair.

December 1

Shmoop Scoop of the Day

Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on this day in 1955, sparking off the historic Montgomery Bus Boycott. It's a myth that she refused to move because her feet were tired. In her autobiography, Parks explained that she was no more tired that day after work than she was any other day. "The only tired I was, was tired of giving in," she wrote (source). Later in life, she grew tired of Outkast using her name in their hit song, "Rosa Parks," and sued the hip-hop duo for defamation. She lost, but in 2005 Outkast paid her an out-of-court settlement anyway.

They like us! We like you!


Shmoop speaks student, but never at the expense of reliability. All of our original content is written by teachers and experts in each field, and our editorial team is made up of PhDs and teachers from top institutions. All that plus a super-powered Labradoodle makes for a trustworthy and authoritative source that won't put you to sleep.

Case Studies

At Indio High School, Shmoop has been crucial in helping students prepare for the ACT exam. They walk into the exam with the confidence that they can be successful. Part of this is because students can work at their own pace, both at school and at home. The Shmoop program also gives them a better sense of the exam through the drills and practice exams—the explanations of why one answer choice was right and the others were wrong helped them gain a stronger understanding of what exactly the ACT exam is looking for.

Asst. Principal Charles Mazet,
Indio High School

I teach 8th grade Social Studies. My classes LOVE your videos, and I've turned a lot of teachers onto Shmoop! I would like to see videos on Early industry, Child Labor, Inventions, Manifest Destiny, Monroe Doctrine, and Immigration. That's a Tall Order, but my students always ask, "Can we Shmoop today?" I like to use videos, student engagement is so high with yours, and the content is correct, educational, entertaining, and terrific!

Kathleen Desimone,
8th Grade Social Studies Teacher

"Shmoop," you have been my savior for the past four years. Your summaries are detailed and the bullet points are easy to read and understand versus a paragraph format. Your writers are incredible. Their writing is direct and simple with a touch of much needed humor for those dry books teachers force children to read. I occasionally chuckle in front of my computer (or embarrassingly at the school library) when reading a summary about a chapter that I well, was just a tad too lazy to read. The humor is subtle but appropriate and I smile every time I read a passage. Never stop with this sarcastic writing, It. Is. Incredible. I will need you in college next year, to help me with unnecessary reading projects but most of all for that small amount of laughter every tired and overwhelmed student needs.

Dina Savva,