Short version: a noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.

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Almost all nouns can be singular, meaning one, or plural, meaning more than one.

Singular Plural  
skateboard skateboards [Use –s for regular nouns.]
tax taxes [Use –es when the noun ends in s, x, ch, sh, or z.]
werewolf werewolves [For nouns that end in f or fe, change the f to v, and add –es.]
city cities [For nouns that end in a consonant + y, change the y to i and add –es.]
child children [Irregular nouns don't use –s or –es. They take a totally new form.]

Nouns can also be made possessive to show ownership by slapping an 's on the end… with a few exceptions.
- Elaine's dance moves are horrible. (They really are.)
- The school's dress code forbids wearing porcupine costumes to class.

Nouns are so versatile that they can even be used to modify other nouns (which would technically makes them adjectives):
- Jeff pulled an epic prank on his history teacher. (History is a noun that modifies teacher, which is also a noun.)

There are seven magnificent types of nouns:
- Proper
- Common
- Collective
- Concrete
- Abstract
- Count
- Noncount

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Noun quiz