Study Guide

1 Chronicles Summary

1 Chronicles Summary

Our story begins in the most attention-grabbing way possible—with nine chapters of genealogies. That's right, the first third of this book is a whole bunch of ancient name-dropping and figuring out who begat who. It's absolutely riveting and we…zzzzzzz.

But buried in all those hard-to-pronounce Hebrew names is some important stuff. The author starts with Adam (the first guy) and goes up through Abraham (the guy God made that covenant with) and Jacob (the guy with the 12 sons). Jacob's sons would go on to form the 12 tribes of Israel, who are pretty much the backbone of Jewish history and culture.

The Chronicler is mainly interested in the tribes that formed the southern half of the ancient Kingdom of Israel—Benjamin, Judah, and Levi. Benjamin and Judah are hugely important because they're both ancestors of kings—Saul and David respectively. Levi's tribe is the one in charge of all the holy stuff. They've totally got an in with God.

After we get all those names and lists out of the way, the real story starts. Israel's King Saul has just died and someone needs to step up to the plate. That someone is named David and he would go on to become the most just, beloved, and celebrated king in all of Jewish history. Seriously, if they made a TV show about him it would be called Everybody Loves David.

And no one loves David more than the author of this book. He reiterates all David's greatest moments. The time he set up the capital in Jerusalem—awesome. And then brought the Ark of the Covenant into the city—even better. Each and every victory he had during wartime—totally amazing. And his decision to build a Temple dedicated to Yahweh –where can one even begin?

But in the end, even the greatest kings must die. David goes out by passing the torch to his son Solomon, and asking him to be the one to actually build the Temple in Jerusalem. David's dying words are basically, Don't mess this up, kid. Will Solomon be another great king? You'll have to skip over to 2 Chronicles to know for sure.

  • Chapter 1

    In the Beginning…Again

    • The author begins this book with a genealogy. Actually, a whole lot of genealogies. Hey, there's nothing like nine chapters of obscure and ancient names to grab a reader's attention.
    • But seriously though, these genealogies are pretty important and this one has some interesting highlights.
    • There's Adam (the first man). And Noah (remember him with the ark?).
    • Noah's sons make up the people of some of Israel's enemies. Ham is the father of the Canaanites and Philistines for example.
    • Noah's other son, Shem, turns out to be the great-great-great-a lot-of-greats-grandfather of Abraham. God made the first covenant with him, so he's kind of a big deal.
    • Abraham has a son named Isaac who has a son named Israel (also known as Jacob). Israel has 12 sons who would go on to form the 12 tribes of Israel, which is also a perfect name for a band.
    • And don't forget the Edomites. Since they are Israel's closest neighbors, the author goes into a little background on them.
    • So after reading all of that, what are we supposed to learn? Other than the fact that thousands year-old Hebrew names are real tongue twisters.
    • Well, this genealogy is all about unity. After all, every single person that exists on earth came from one person—Adam. That means we're all connected. Awww.
    • As a side note, if you take a peek at Genesis, you can see the author is taking some liberties with his genealogy here. He's left out some people (sorry, Cain and Abel) and he's misspelled some other names. Someone get this guy a copy editor.
  • Chapter 2

    Twelve Times the Fun

    • Yup, it's more genealogies. Get used to it.
    • The next few chapters go over the families that sprung up from Jacob's sons. All 12 of them—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher
    • Buckle up. It's going to be a long genealogy.
    • So what's going on in this chapter? Well, we're mostly talking about Jacob's son, Judah. Interested in some highlights? We thought you might be.
    • Judah has a son named Perez who eventually goes on to have a great-great-great-great grandson named Boaz. Not only is he righteous, he's the guy who married Ruth in the Book of Ruth.
    • Boaz's great-grandson David would become King of the Jewish people.
  • Chapter 3

    Davidic DNA

    • Let's find out more about this fabulous King David.
    • The author distinguishes David's sons based on where they were born.
    • A few of them are born in Hebron where David ruled for seven years. A whole bunch more are born in Jerusalem (to be fair, David did live there for 33 years). How'd he get so many kids? He also had a whole bunch of wives.
    • David's most famous son is Solomon who ruled after his father died. And Solomon had a ton of kids, too. And tons of wives. Solomon got around.
    • The author lists all the kings of the Southern Kingdom of Judah up until the Babylonians took over and put an end to the whole Davidic dynasty.
  • Chapter 4

    Just Being Fruitful and Multiplying

    • Thought we were done with Judah? Think again. The author returns to listing all of Judah's descendants. We thought that other list looked kind of sparse.
    • One of the standouts in later generations is Jabez, who prays that God will bless him and protect him. Oh, and give him some more land. God's impressed with Jabez's chutzpah, so he goes ahead and blesses him.
    • We also get an idea of what happened to one of Jacob's other sons, Simeon. He also had some sons, but not enough to keep the family line going.
    • Because this tribe was so small, it pretty much died out by the time David becomes king.
    • Guess he didn't take all that "be fruitful and multiply" talk too seriously.
  • Chapter 5

    The Family Ties Keep on Coming

    • Onto Reuben, Jacob's oldest son. He might be firstborn, but he forfeited his birthright because he slept with his dad's concubine. That's a pretty big no-no.
    • Reuben has a lot of sons who end up living in the Northern Kingdom when Israel splits into two after David dies. Eventually, these guys are forced into exile by the Assyrians.
    • Jacob's son, Gad, gets a little airtime, too, along with half of Manasseh's tribe (that's one of Jacob's grandsons).
    • Apparently, the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh band together and fight all kinds of battles. They win some and they lose some. And they are all exiled together by the Assyrians, too.
    • So why was everyone exiled? Well, the folks from Manasseh's tribe did about the worst thing you could do back then and started worshipping other gods. Yahweh was not amused, so he nudged the king of Assyria to go attack the Northern Kingdom.
    • That's why Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh's tribes are mostly gone for good.
  • Chapter 6

    Have You Ever Had a Bad Time with Levi's?

    • Time for another one of Jacob's sons—Levi.
    • No, not the jeans maker. This is the guy who's the grandfather of every single high priest in Israel. Well, at least according to our author.
    • Levi's actually the great-grandfather to Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. You'll probably remember them from the time they helped the Jewish people escape from slavery way back in Exodus.
    • Because he was so super cool and holy (and because Moses had other stuff to do), Aaron and his sons were in charge of God's house—the tabernacle—while the Israelites were wandering in the desert.
    • Even after the Israelites settled in the Promised Land and Solomon built the First Temple in Jerusalem, the descendants of Levi were still there handling all kinds of holy functions for the people.
    • The author also name-drops all the musicians who served in the Temple and goes into very specific detail about where exactly the descendants of Levi lived. You can consult this chapter if you ever go back in time and need to settle a Levite turf war.
  • Chapter 7

    Jacob and (Even More) Sons

    • Jacob's other sons all lived in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, too.
    • There's Issachar. He had sons who were awesome fighters.
    • Benjamin was pretty great, too. Lots of sons. Lots of warriors.
    • Naphtali? He had a couple kids. No biggie.
    • And Manasseh. Sure, half of his tribe joined up with the folks from Reuben and Gad, but the rest of them stayed with the big flock and multiplied.
    • Ephraim—he eventually had a pretty important descendant named Joshua who led the Israelites into the Promised Land after Moses died.
    • And don't forget, Asher. He was busy having sons and begetting all kinds of great warriors.
    • Of course none of these super soldiers helped the people when the Assyrian Empire came knocking and kicked these folks out of their land. They were too powerful.
    • The one thing that's weird about this section is that the Chronicler seems to have left out Dan and Zebulon's descendants. So much for his chronicling skills.
  • Chapter 8

    Benny and the Descendants

    • Back to Benjamin.
    • The Chronicler spends a lot of time telling us what happened with the tribes of Judah, Levi, and Benjamin because he thinks these guys made up the "real Israel." Those other 10 tribes? Not so much.
    • Anyway, Benjamin had tons of offspring, but the big standout here is his descendant Saul, who became the first king of Israel.
    • Saul also had a son named Jonathan who was David's best friend. You can read more about them palling around in 2 Samuel.
  • Chapter 9

    South Side for Life

    • This chapter begins with a reminder that Judah and Benjamin's tribes ruled in the Southern Kingdom of Judah until about 587 BCE when the Babylonian Empire rolled into Jerusalem and exiled the Judeans to Babylon.
    • Luckily for Israel, in 538 BCE the Persians took over and let everyone come back home thanks to King Cyrus.
    • The author tells us that folks from Judah and Benjamin's tribes lived in Jerusalem.
    • But he also says that some strays from Ephraim and Manasseh's tribes found their way there, too.
    • The Chronicler then goes on to name all kinds of other important classes of people. Priests that served in the tabernacle and later the Temple. And Levites who performed all kinds of different religious duties.
    • Gatekeepers stand watch at the walls of the city and guard the tent that covered the tabernacle. David and the prophet Samuel gave these guys their jobs.
    • Other important jobs include taking care of all the religious utensils and furniture and food in the tabernacle. And the singers. Can't worship God properly without music.
    • The Chronicler ends with one last genealogy that's all about King Saul. Remember, he was the very first king of Israel and, even though he wasn't all that great at his job, a king is still a king. Attention must be paid.
  • Chapter 10

    Adios King Saul

    • End of genealogies. Now we're into the stories.
    • Remember though, these are rehashings of tales you'll find elsewhere in the Bible. If you're up on your 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings, then this should be smooth sailing. If not, Shmoop is on the job.
    • A little background info before we start: Saul was appointed King of Israel by Samuel (Yahweh's favorite prophet at the time). Saul starts out okay, but then slowly starts disobeying God.
    • Eventually, God starts to kind of regret putting Saul in charge so he tells Samuel to go out and find a new king.
    • Enter David.
    • David hangs around, befriends Saul's son, marries his daughter, and wins all kinds of battles. Meanwhile, Saul falls deeper and deeper into a terrible-king hole until he's finally overpowered in battle.
    • And here's where the Chronicler starts—with Saul's death.
    • This is pretty much the same story you'll read in 1 Samuel 31. Saul's sons have been killed in battle with the Philistines and they're closing in on Saul.
    • Instead of being torn limb from limb by the Philistines, Saul asks his armor-bearer to kill him with his sword. The armor-bearer is less than thrilled so Saul falls on his own sword and dies.
    • When the Philistines find Saul's body they strip him naked, cut off his head, and start spreading the good news that the King of Israel is dead. It's a good day to be a Philistine.
    • Of course this is seriously bad for Israel, but the Chronicler knows that Saul deserved it. He didn't listen to God and he even talked with a fortune teller. God despises fortune-tellers.
  • Chapter 11

    David Reigns Supreme

    • Who will step up to rule Israel?
    • How about David, the guy God's been trying to get onto the throne for a while now?
    • So David marches into Hebron and everyone in Israel goes with him and pledges their loyalty. After all, they point out, Saul might have been king but David was the one actually running the show.
    • First things first. David needs to take control of Jerusalem. He marches into town and kicks out the Jebusites who were living there.
    • David wins pretty handily (thanks to some help from his pal Joab) and takes charge of the city which becomes known from that moment on as "the city of David." He who claims it, names it.
    • What's the best way to celebrate a land grab like this? Tell some more war stories. The Chronicler drops a few quick tidbits about battles David and his fellow warriors have won throughout the years.
    • Like those Philistines they beat in the barley field? Or the time David wanted some water from Bethlehem and his men got it? Good times.
    • He also name-drops some individual soldiers and their deeds. These guys fought with David and supported him while he was king.
  • Chapter 12

    David Rallies the Troops

    • We know we promised no more genealogies, but we are in for some pretty heavy duty lists in this chapter.
    • There's a list of the guys who followed David before he was king. They were from the tribe of Benjamin so they were related to Saul.
    • There were also some warriors from Gad's tribe that teamed up with him. Oh, and don't forget those joiners from the tribes of Benjamin and Judah.
    • These guys came in handy when David was hanging out in the mountains (even though he was a little leery of them at first… they could be double agents).
    • Men from Manasseh's tribes came over to David's side when they saw him trample the Philistines. That battle between him and Goliath was pretty epic.
    • After David becomes king even more people rally to his side. We're talking tens of thousands of soldiers from every one of the 12 tribes of Israel.
    • Everyone comes to Hebron for a huge coronation in David's honor.
  • Chapter 13

    Ark Movers

    • Now that David is king he gets an idea.
    • Remember the Ark of the Covenant? It's that thing the Israelites built way back in Exodus after they escaped from slavery to contain the tablets of the Ten Commandments? They believed that God dwelled in it and they worshipped God through the Ark.
    • When the people finally got into the Promised Land in Israel they brought the Ark with them.
    • Unfortunately, worship of God kind of fell by the wayside. Remember King Saul?
    • David would like to bring back the days of serving God.
    • He tells the people that they should go to Kiriath-Jearim and bring the Ark home to Jerusalem. Everyone thinks this is a swell idea.
    • The trip hits a bit of a snag on the way back to town. One of the guys assisting with transportation of the Ark—Uzzah—touches the Ark and God kills him right then and there. You don't want to touch the Ark, even by accident.
    • David's pretty freaked out so he decides to make a pit stop and store the Ark in the house of Obed-edom for a few months. Lucky for Obed-edom, God blesses his house and no one else even gives the Ark a funny look.
  • Chapter 14

    You're Going Down, Philistines

    • Back in Jerusalem, David is sitting pretty. He takes on a few more wives and they start producing princes and princesses.
    • Obviously, the Philistines are worried. They just got rid of Saul and now some other more powerful, more holy, more awesome king has risen up in his place.
    • So they set out to attack David.
    • But David (who's pretty smart) asks God what he should do. God tells David it's okay to go out and crush the Philistine army.
    • And that's just what David does. Well, he actually beats them into surrendering and then burns them alive, but still.
    • When Philistine soldiers attack again, David consults God. This time, Yahweh gives him some specific battle directions and David's victorious. God's pretty good at war games.
    • David's victories against the Philistines make him famous and all the other nations start to fear Israel. That's just how David and God like it.
  • Chapter 15

    Moving the Ark: Take Two

    • Operation Let's Move This Ark was a bit of a failure the first time around, but David is confident that a second try is going to be successful.
    • This time only Levi's tribe helps with Ark transportation. Way back in Exodus, God entrusted them and only them with the care of the tabernacle and the Ark, and David wants to do things old-school.
    • He also gets together all of Aaron's descendants. Aaron was Moses' brother and the first high priest, so his kin are the only ones fit to be priests in David's day, too.
    • This time, everyone follows all the correct rules (like carrying the Ark on poles instead of trying to touch it with human hands).
    • David's also a big music fan (he wrote all those psalm songs) so he has the Levites appoint musicians and singers to play in celebration of the Ark's trip.
    • It works because the Ark makes the trip from Obed-edom's house to Jerusalem without incident.
    • When the Ark comes into town everyone is super psyched. David's dressed in some fabulous attire and he dances with everyone while all of Israel celebrates and sings.
    • Everyone except David's first wife, Michal, that is.
    • She also happens to be ex-King Saul's daughter and she pretty much despises David and the Ark.
  • Chapter 16

    Ark Sweet Ark

    • The Ark is home in Jerusalem.
    • David puts it in a special tent he made and he gets the party started by putting on some burnt offerings.
    • He also passes out bread, meat, and cakes to every single person in Israel in celebration. He's the tops.
    • Then he appoints certain Levites to take charge of the Ark and tells Asaph (one of the Levites) to sing a song praising God.
    • Asaph thanks God and praises him in song. He tells all about how the Jewish people started out. They were just 12 sons of Jacob and now look at them: from small to mighty in a whole bunch of generations.
    • Since the days of Abraham, God protected his chosen people. He helped them be fruitful and multiply, gave them a homeland, and told their enemies to back off.
    • And if God keeps on saving the people, they'll keep on praising him.
    • Finally, David heads back home confident that everything is being taken care of with the Ark and that everyone in charge is going to keep things running smoothly. Fingers crossed.
  • Chapter 17

    David's Big Idea

    • The Ark is safely in a tent, but David's feeling a little guilty. So he calls on his prophet/friend Nathan to join him.
    • David tells Nathan that it just doesn't seem right. After all, David lives in a nice house made of cedar wood and God's just hanging out in some old tent.
    • Later, God tells Nathan to let David know that he doesn't mind their living arrangements. He's been there since he freed the people from slavery back in Egypt. He's got no problem with roughing it.
    • God says that he made David king and he'll watch out for him. He'll give the people a permanent home where no one can bother them or throw them out (good luck with that, God).
    • He's also going to take one of David's sons and make him a king, too. This son will build a temple to God and that will make the Almighty very happy.
    • In return, God will love this son forever. Oh, who could it be?
    • Naturally, David's grateful to God for all the blessings he's promised him. He's just one lowly king and God is the Creator of Heaven and Earth. David's pretty humbled to be singled out for special treatment.
    • David really hopes all this will come to pass. God will have a house. Israel will be safe. And everyone will praise God forever. It's a win-win-win.
  • Chapter 18

    Holy Wars

    • Now that all the holy stuff is out of the way, we can go back to war.
    • David leads Israel on a string of victories. The Philistines? Defeated. The Moabites? Pummeled. King Hadadezer of Zobah? Bye-bye.
    • Basically, everywhere he goes David is taking land and the spoils of war with God's backing.
    • And he continues to rule over all of Israel with justice and goodness. Is there anything this guy can't do? He's the total package.
    • His sons, in the meantime, serve him as "chief officials." They're learning the ropes right from dad himself.
  • Chapter 19

    Don't Mess with David

    • When the king of the Ammonites dies, David sends a group to offer their condolences to his son, Hanun. After all, the late king was always nice to David, so he's fine with continuing to honor the peace between them.
    • But Hanun's advisors convince him that David's men are in town as spies. So Hanun has them shaved and publicly humiliated.
    • David's ticked that his goodwill has been rebuffed and Hanun is sensing trouble. He aligns with some neighboring countries to pool military resources in the hopes that they can destroy David together.
    • But David sends his main man Joab along with his army to fight them off.
    • Joab and his brother manage to scare off both the Ammonites and their co-conspirators, the Arameans. They go running and Joab heads back to Jerusalem. All in a day's work.
    • But the Arameans decide to come back for more. This time, they go up against David himself and he manages to kill 47,000 of them with his army.
    • Needless to say, the Arameans declare they're not going to rush to help the Ammonites ever again. First smart thing they've done all war.
  • Chapter 20

    A Warrior King's Job Is Never Done

    • It's springtime and we're still at war.
    • This time Joab is marching on a city named Rabbah. David's at home in Jerusalem because it's dangerous out there on the battlefield and David is just way too important to risk his life.
    • But he manages to show up anyway. David takes all kinds of booty from the city and gets the people working. Then he heads back to Jerusalem.
    • Meanwhile, the Philistines are still kicking around. Seriously, how many of these guys does David have to kill before they just go away?
    • David's main men fight off a whole bunch of Philistine giants. Remember that time David killed Goliath? Well, these guys are relatives of that same Goliath.
    • A soldier named Elhanan kills Goliath's brother. And David's own brother takes down another one of these not-so-gentle giants (this guy has six fingers on his right and left hands so you know he was bad news).
  • Chapter 21

    God Hates a Census

    • Things are going well for David. But then, one day, Satan "incites" David to "number" Israel, i.e. count them. Take a census.
    • For the record, Joab is totally against David's plan. But what the king wants, the king gets, so Joab goes out and has everyone in Israel counted. Everyone except Levi and Benjamin's tribes because… well, again, no clue. It just seems like Joab's heart really isn't in it.
    • God is seriously displeased because… well, we don't actually know why. We'd say God hates counting, but have you read the Book of Numbers lately?
    • Maybe it's because only God can order a census. Not, y'know, Satan.
    • David admits to God that he's done a dumb thing and begs forgiveness.
    • God sends a message to David. He tells him that he can pick one of three punishments. Either Israel has to suffer three years of famine, three months of foreign attacks, or three days of God's wrath and pestilence. Tough choice.
    • David's in total despair, but he opts for the three days of pestilence.
    • God plagues the entire country and 70,000 people die. Then God sends an angel to destroy Jerusalem, But at the last minute, he reconsiders.
    • God orders the angel to stop right when the angel is standing, sword drawn and ready to smite, on a threshing floor that happens to be owned by a guy named Ornan the Jebusite.
    • David sees the angel standing there (we guess he also happened to be hanging out on a threshing floor).
    • He begs God to spare the people. After all, he was the one who made the mistake. Why should everyone else suffer?
    • God's angel tells David to make an altar right there on that threshing floor. Why wait?
    • So David approaches Ornan to buy the place on the spot. Ornan sees the angel and immediately tells David to go ahead and take the land. He'll throw in some oxen and wheat, too, for good measure. No worries. Ornan will just be leaving now…
    • Not so fast. David insists that he has to purchase the land for full price. It's the only way to save the entire country.
    • So Ornan sells the place for 600 gold shekels and David sets up shop.
    • God is pleased and lets the angel know that's it's OK to put away his sword of destruction.
    • Because of what happened in this very place, David decides that this site, instead of the place where the tabernacle is currently located, is the exact right place to build a temple. The Chronicler says that he was also traumatized by the angel's sword and was afraid to worship at the tabernacle.
  • Chapter 22

    Temple Planning Takes Time

    • David starts getting plans together for a Temple.
    • He finds builders and workers. He sets aside stones, iron, bronze, and cedar for the building.
    • Of course, David knows he won't be the one to actually oversee the building of the Temple. His son, Solomon, is. But Solomon is "young and inexperienced" so he'll need some help in order to make this the greatest temple the world has ever seen. God deserves nothing less.
    • David goes to his son and lays out his plans for the Temple. He tells Solomon that he would really like to be the one to do the work, but that God told him not to chance it. It seems that David has killed too many people (what with all those wars he was always fighting in). God can't have his house tainted by all that blood.
    • But Solomon will be a peaceful king and Israel will be a peaceful place while he's in charge. That's a way better time to build a temple.
    • David finishes by telling Solomon that he'll be successful if he always listens to God and stays faithful. (Spoiler alert: Solomon doesn't exactly follow through on this.)
    • He also asks the other leaders in Israel to stand by Solomon and help him. He's a good kid, but he's about to tackle a big project. Solomon will need as much guidance as he can get.
  • Chapter 23

    Succession Plans

    • Eventually, David gets old. He's ready to retire and collect Social Security.
    • So he brings all the political and religious leaders in Israel together and appoints Solomon as his successor.
    • David also makes plans for the Levites. Some will serve in the Temple, others will be judges, or gatekeepers, or even temple musicians.
    • Aaron's descendants get to be high priests in the Temple and deal with all the day-to-day priestly activities. Moses' descendants will just get folded in with the Levites.
    • Back in the day, Levi's tribe was responsible for carrying the Ark around in the wilderness. Now the Ark has a permanent home in the Temple, so their duties will change a little.
    • The Levites will be sort of like assistants to the high priests. They'll keep everything in the Temple in order and fetch cronuts and lattes. They just better be kosher cronuts.
  • Chapter 24

    Divine Job Descriptions

    • The Chronicler gives us a big long list of the descendants of Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar. Aaron's relatives who were alive in David's day will be serving as priests.
    • Sure, there are more potential priests on Eleazar's side, but both groups get to share equally in all the duties in the Temple. No rivalries there.
    • To decide who exactly gets to do what, the guys "cast lots." Basically that just means they randomly picked to see who got what job.
    • Of course, that means that God had a hand in their selection because he loves manipulating games of chance.
    • The Levites do the same thing. They randomly pick to see who gets what duty in the Temple. Sorry to whoever pulls goat dung cleaning duty.
  • Chapter 25

    Please Don't Stop the Music

    • Remember we said that David really dug his tunes? Well, now we get a whole chapter about the guys he appointed as his music men.
    • They'll play lyres, harps, and cymbals in the Temple and sing songs of praise to God.
    • Just like the priests and Levites, these guys draw lots to see who gets which musical job.
  • Chapter 26

    Are You the Gatekeeper?

    • Another important job in the Temple? Gatekeepers.
    • These guys guard the north, south, east, and west entrances to the Temple. Don't let in any impure people or God will be very, very angry.
    • Naturally, they also cast lots to see who gets what guard duty.
    • David also gets a group of men to be in charge of the Temple treasury. These are the money men. Any time someone gave a gift to the Temple these guys were all over it.
    • The king also needs assistants, so David makes sure that some men will be left over to serve as his officers, judges, and councilors.
    • That means the Levites had both religious and secular stuff to take care of. The Temple couldn't run smoothly without them.
  • Chapter 27

    • More lists.
    • The Chronicler lets us know all of David's military commanders. These guys are the muscle in Israel.
    • There are 12 divisions in total, each with 24,000 soldiers in them. Now that's a lot of fighting men.
    • The author also names the men in charge of each of the 12 tribes. That's good information when you need to know who exactly to go see to get the folks from Issachar's tribe in line. In that case, Omri's your guy.
    • We don't know exactly how many people are in each tribe because Joab never finished the census.
    • Finally, the Chronicler tells us who does all the other odd jobs in the kingdom. Want to know who's in charge of money, farming, vineyards, trees, oil, or livestock? Look no further.
    • There are also VIPs: advisors to the king, commanders in the army. These guys are David's (and now Solomon's) circle of trust
  • Chapter 28

    Solomon Gets the Keys to the Castle

    • Now that that's all settled, David decides to gather all the important people in Israel in Jerusalem. He's got some things to say.
    • David explains to the crowd that he was building a Temple so the Ark of the Covenant could have a permanent home, but God told him ixnay on the empletay. David's a warrior and God can't have his bloody hands all over his house.
    • But David explains that God totally decided that he and his descendants from the house of Judah should rule over all Israel. And out of all David's sons, God has handpicked Solomon to take over the reins of the country.
    • God decided that Solomon would be the one to build the Temple. And as long as Solomon obeys God, the Almighty will be happy and Israel will be happy and the house of Judah is will reign over Israel for ever.
    • Then David addresses his son directly: Remember, Solomon, stay faithful to God. That is the single most important thing you can do as a king. Don't mess this up. (So much foreshadowing here.)
    • After these speeches David literally hands the blueprints for the Temple over to Solomon. These plans contain every last detail about the Temple (which David put together with a little help from God). How it should look, what it should be made of, who should do what job. It's all spelled out.
    • Foolproof, right?
  • Chapter 29

    Solomon Wins the Game of Thrones

    • Once David's done giving instructions to Solomon, he reminds everyone again that the kid is young and doesn't really know what he's doing.
    • Hey, to be fair, he was just put in charge of building an awe-inspiring house of worship for God. It's a big ask.
    • But that's why David's gone ahead and made sure all the raw materials are provided for. He's even donated his own personal gold and silver.
    • Now who else in Israel is going to join in the giving? David's looking at you, guy in the front row pretending he didn't hear.
    • But the people come through and they donate loads of gold, silver, bronze, iron, and gemstones.
    • The people are happy because they were all so generous. David is really happy, too, because everything's coming together so nicely.
    • He sends a thank-you prayer up to God. David lets God know how awesome and powerful and all-around wonderful he is.
    • After all, the people of Israel were nothing, but God made them great. Now, they've grown into such a kind and generous people that they all got together to freely give all the supplies that were needed for building the Temple.
    • David closes by asking God to look out for Solomon. He also recommends that the people thank God, too. Everyone prays and eats and drinks and offers animal sacrifices and celebrates.
    • Finally, Solomon is crowded the king of all of Israel and God blesses him with all kinds of riches and majesty.
    • Every leader, every warrior, and every single one of his brothers promises to be loyal to their king. Looks like everything is going to be grand for the new ruler. No problems whatsoever. None. Nada.
    • The Chronicler wraps all this up by giving us a little summary of David's reign.
    • David sat on the throne for 40 years. When he finally died, he was old and rich and honorable and everyone loved him. It was a good run.
    • The author also mentions that we can read more about David in the books of Samuel.
    • And then, this book just ends. Originally the two books of Chronicles were just one, but thousands of years ago someone decided this would be the good time for a brief intermission.
    • Grab some popcorn and then head over to read the thrilling conclusion in 2 Chronicles.