After finishing the wall and appointing people to positions at the temple, Nehemiah puts his brother Hanani and another guy, Hananiah the commander of the citadel, in charge of Jerusalem.
This is because of their piety and exceptional faithfulness, plus he thought it would be cool because their names sound so similar.
Nehemiah tells them not to open the city gates until the sun is hot, and that the gatekeepers should bar the doors while they're standing guard.
He also tells them how to appoint guards and watchmen.
Nehemiah notes that the city at this time was very large, but few people were living in it.
Next Nehemiah writes another extremely long list.
He records the number of Israelites to return to the city in total, listing the number who came along with each head of family.
He lists the priests, Levites, temple servants, descendants of Solomon's servants, and those who couldn't prove their descent from Israel.
The people descended from priests but couldn't prove it were excluded from the priesthood. They weren't allowed to partake of the holy food until a legit priest, using the magic seer stones Urim and Thummim, could determine if they were really part of Israel.
Nehemiah says that the entire assembly of Israel numbered 42,360 people, not including their 7,337 male and female slaves.
He adds that they had 245 male and female singers. No backup dancers, though.
He even lists the number of horses, mules, camels, and donkeys, and goes on to list the amount of gold, silver, basins, and priestly robes.
The special classes of people listed above (priests, Levites, gatekeepers, etc.) and some of the people settle in their own towns outside the city.