Study Guide

Gospel of Matthew Chapter 10

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Chapter 10

Instructions for the Twelve

  • Jesus sends out the street team and gives The Twelve (i.e., the disciples) the authority to cure illnesses and drive out demons. Pretty sweet gig.
  • We finally get to meet the whole gang: Simon (a.k.a. Peter), Andrew, James, John, Phillip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, and Judas. Keep an eye on that last guy.
  • Jesus tells them to stick to Israel and not venture into any pagan territory or Samaritan town.
  • Also, they shouldn't take any payment and they should wish peace on worthy houses that receive them.
  • How hard can it be? Well, Jesus equates it to sending sheep out to wolves. Hmmm. That's not very comforting. Jesus actually paints quite the grim picture of how The Twelve will get persecuted on their mission.
  • But no worries. Jesus tells them to remain calm, form a single line, and only fear what can destroy the soul and body. He reminds them that they've got God on their side.
  • More warnings come from Jesus as he says, "I have not come to bring peace, but a sword" (10:34). Looks like Mr. Nice Guy has a dangerous streak.
  • Jesus also predicts that families will turn on each other and that enemies will be found in one's own house because of him. 
  • But just as it looks like there won't be any silver lining, Jesus brings up rewards. Whew. 
  • Turns out those who receive The Twelve receive Jesus. And whoever receives Jesus receives God. And that's the kind of reward that can't be lost.

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