Study Guide

F. Scott Fitzgerald Timeline

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Sep 24, 1896

F. Scott Fitzgerald Born

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is born in St. Paul, Minnesota, the third of five children born to furniture manufacturer Edward Fitzgerald and Mary "Mollie" McQuillan, the daughter of an Irish immigrant. Scott and his sister Annabel are the only two Fitzgerald children to survive infancy.

Jul 24, 1900

Zelda Fitzgerald Born

Zelda Sayre is born in Montgomery, Alabama to Anthony Sayre and Minnie Machen.

Dec 19, 2019

Fitzgerald Family Moves to Minnesota

After an unsuccessful career as a salesman in New York state, Edward Fitzgerald moves his family back to St. Paul. In September Scott enrolls at St. Paul Academy.

Oct 1, 1909

Fitzgerald's First Publication

At the age of 14, F. Scott Fitzgerald appears in print for the first time, with "The Mystery of the Raymond Mortgage" in the student publication St. Paul Academy Now and Then.

Sep 1, 1913

Fitzgerald at Princeton

Fitzgerald enters Princeton University with the Class of 1917. He soon meets men who will remain lifelong friends and influences, including the writers Edmund Wilson and John Peale Bishop.

Dec 19, 2019

Fitzgerald Writes for Princeton Tiger

In his sophomore year Fitzgerald amps up his involvement in Princeton's literary scene, with contributions to the Princeton Tiger and the Triangle Club.

Jan 4, 1915

Fitzgerald Falls in Love

Fitzgerald meets Ginevra King, his first serious love interest and a major influence on several female characters in his later fiction. They date but soon part ways.

Nov 20, 1917

US Army Service

On academic probation and close to flunking out of Princeton, Fitzgerald takes a commission as an infantry second lieutenant in the U.S. Army and leaves school to report for duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He never graduates from Princeton. Soon after reporting for military duty, he begins a novel entitled The Romantic Egoist.

Jul 1, 1918

Fitzgerald Meets Zelda Sayre

F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre meet at a country club dance in Montgomery, Alabama. A month later the publisher Scribners rejects The Romantic Egoist but, sensing promise in the young writer, encourages Fitzgerald to revise it and try again.

Nov 11, 1918

Armistice Day

World War I ends before Second Lieutenant Fitzgerald ever leaves the U.S. His failure to see foreign combat will forever be one of Fitzgerald's greatest regrets.

Dec 19, 2019

This Side of Paradise

Fitzgerald is discharged from the Army in February. Hoping to marry Zelda, he takes an advertising job in New York. In June Zelda breaks the engagement due to Fitzgerald's lack of fame and wealth. Fitzgerald quits advertising, moves in with his parents in St. Paul and goes to work rewriting The Romantic Egoist. Editor Maxwell Perkins of Scribners accepts the new manuscript—now entitled This Side of Paradise—on 16 September.

Mar 26, 1920

Marriage to Zelda Sayre

This Side of Paradise, Fitzgerald's first novel, is published. A week later, he and Zelda marry in St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York.

Oct 1, 1920

Flappers and Philosophers

Following the publication of his first short story collection Flappers and Philosophers, the Fitzgeralds move into an apartment on West 59th Street in New York City.

May 3, 1921

Travel to Europe

The Fitzgeralds depart for their first trip to Europe. They spend three months in England, France and Italy before returning to the U.S.

Oct 26, 1921

Birth of Daughter Scottie Fitzgerald

The Fitzgeralds' first and only child is born, a daughter named Frances Scott "Scottie" Fitzgerald. The next month the family moves to St. Paul and lives there until June.

Mar 4, 1922

The Beatiful and Damned

The Beautiful and Damned is published.

Oct 1, 1922

Fitzgeralds at Great Neck

The Fitzgeralds rent a house in Great Neck, Long Island. They live there until April 1924. During their time in Long Island, F. Scott Fitzgerald produces a few short stories for magazines and one unsuccessful play. The couple's interactions with Long Island society provide the setting and mood for the novel germinating in Fitzgerald's head.

Apr 1, 1924

Move to Paris

The Fitzgeralds set sail for France. They spend most of the next seven years in Europe, predominantly in Paris.

Apr 10, 1925

The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby is published. The Fitzgeralds, who have been traveling about Europe, settle in Paris a few weeks later.

May 1, 1925

Fitzgerald and Hemingway

F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway meet at (of course) a bar in Paris. Fitzgerald has already written to his editor at Scribners to tell him about the talented young American writer he's heard about in Paris circles.

Oct 1, 1929

The Great Crash

The U.S. stock market crashes, triggering the Great Depression. The Jazz Age is officially over.

Apr 23, 1930

Zelda Fitzgerald's Nervous Breakdown

Zelda suffers her first nervous breakdown and spends much of the next year hospitalized in various clinics in Switzerland. In November Fitzgerald publishes the short story "One Trip Abroad," about an American couple who fall apart in Europe.

Dec 19, 2019

Return to America

The Saturday Evening Post publishes the stories "Babylon Revisited" and "Emotional Bankruptcy," both of which dwell on characters reflecting on the aftermath of the Crash. In September, the Fitzgeralds return to the U.S.

Dec 19, 2019

Tender is the Night

Tender is the Night is published. Zelda suffers her third mental breakdown.

Feb 1, 1936

"The Crack-Up"

The first of Fitzgerald's three-part autobiographical essay "The Crack-Up," detailing his own mental breakdown, appears in Esquire magazine. The third and final part runs in April, the same month that Zelda is committed to Highland Hospital mental asylum in Asheville, North Carolina. She lives there, on and off, for the rest of her life.

Mar 6, 1937

Last Story for Saturday Evening Post

"Trouble," Fitzgerald's last story for The Saturday Evening Post, is published.

Jul 1, 1937

Move to Hollywood

Fitzgerald moves to Hollywood after signing a six-month contract from Metro Goldwyn Mayer, hoping that he'll work his way out of debt with screenplays. Within days of his arrival he meets a movie columnist named Sheilah Graham. They begin an affair that lasts until his death. Fitzgerald (who turns out to be not so great at screenwriting) starts work on his only credited screenplay, Three Comrades.

Dec 19, 2019

Failed Screenwriting Career

Having lost his MGM contract in December 1938, Fitzgerald spends this year bouncing between freelance gigs in Hollywood and bouts with his alcoholism. In January he works briefly on Gone With the Wind. In February he gets a job on a production called Winter Carnival but is fired for drunkenness and is hospitalized in New York. Another bender in April requires further hospitalization. He begins work on his final novel The Last Tycoon in the summer, but is unable to sell the serial rights to a magazine.

Dec 21, 1940

Death of F. Scott Fitzgerald

F. Scott Fitzgerald dies of a heart attack at Sheilah Graham's Hollywood, California apartment. He is buried in Rockville, Maryland, where his father was born.

Oct 27, 1941

The Last Tycoon

The Last Tycoon is published posthumously.

Mar 10, 1948

Death of Zelda Fitzgerald

Zelda Fitzgerald dies in a fire at Highland Hospital in Asheville, North Carolina.

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