Study Guide

Gene to Protein Topics

Transcription, from DNA to RNA

 Before we get carried away talking about transcription, we'd better step back a little bit...

Similarities Between Transcription and DNA Replication

Just like DNA, RNA is a polymer of nucleic acids, each of which is held together by...

Differences Between Transcription and DNA Replication

Up until now, we've focused primarily on how transcription and DNA replication use similar...

Where Does it Start?

While some simple organisms like bacteria have highly organized genes on DNA, most organisms have...

Where Does it End?

And finally…the end…In prokaryotes, termination is either Rho dependent, or Rho...

RNA Processing

Okay, maybe that wasn't the end. We hope we made you feel better for a little bit though. We're...

Translation, from RNA to Protein

Up until now we've mainly focused on RNA as a strand of nucleotides that contains the information...

Cracking the Code: Translation

RNA contains only 4 different nucleotides. A protein can contain up to 20 different amino acids....

Mission: Code Protein

Now that you are an expert code breaker, we can start to talk about translation. Let's go over...

Common Mistakes

1. When thinking about transcription, think about a scribe making an exact copy of a document....

Test Your Knowledge!

1. Which nucleotide base is found in RNA but not DNA?2. Is DNA or RNA single stranded?3. Which of...

Made From Trees

Best of Murdered Trees (Books)Biology; 6th edition; Neil A. Campbell and Jane Reece © 2011...