Up until now we've mainly focused on RNA as a strand of nucleotides that contains the information encoded by DNA. RNA is so much more.
It turns out that there are many different types of RNA. In eukaryotes, these RNAs are grouped by which RNA polymerase transcribes them.
When it comes to translation, it is all about cracking the code. And the key to this code cracking is the central dogma, of course. Have you forgotten it already?
No worries. Here's a little refresher. The central dogma is:
DNA → RNA → Protein.
The cell needs to take the information in the RNA and translate it into a totally new language: the protein language. Serious stuff.
Don't worry, though. We'll have you speaking protein language in no time.