Study Guide

Political Parties Concepts

The Founding Fathers & Political Parties

Founding Fathers did not anticipate or desire the existence of political parties, viewing them as...

Role of Political Parties

Political parties serve four key functions in the American political systemPolitical parties (1)...

Two-Party System

American politics has always been dominated by two partiesStructural factors in the political...

Third Parties

Minor parties (third parties) exist in the American political systemBut they seldom wield great...

The First Party System

Federalists vs. Republicans, 1790s-1810sFederalists, led by Hamilton and Adams, wanted a powerful...

The Second Party System

Democrats vs. Whigs, 1820s-1850sCompeting factions within the old Republican Party split into two...

The Third Party System

Democrats vs. Republicans, 1850s-1890sSectional dispute over slavery led to collapse of Second...

The Fourth Party System

Republicans vs. Democrats, 1890s-1930sDemocrats remained strong in South, also gained support...

The Fifth Party System

Democrats vs. Republicans, 1930s-?President Franklin Roosevelt built new Democratic voter...

Future of Political Parties

Barack Obama's 2008 presidential victory may have ended a 30-year period of Republican domination...