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In "Letter from Birmingham Jail," Dr. King says that we're all responsible for justice across the nation—and around the world. Justice isn't defined or contained by mere laws. After all, laws are basically just words written by human beings. When dumb, unjust laws get written and people suffer as a result, it's necessary to protest those laws by deliberately and non-violently breaking them, even if the resulting unrest and "social tension" is inconvenient for some folks. The time is always now for justice, and there's no good reason to wait for the right thing to be done by someone else. We always have to do it ourselves.
Tl;dr: Get off your butts and march for freedom, people.
Non-violent civil disobedience is the best way to change our world; FYI, everybody, violence doesn't work.
"Letter From Birmingham Jail" wouldn't be remembered today if it hadn't been written from a jail cell. ("Letter From the Comfort of My Atlanta Office" doesn't have quite the same ring to it).
Dr. King was arrested and sent to jail for protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. After reading an open letter from eight white clergymen in the local newspaper criticizing him and his fellow activists, MLK decided he might as well write back to let them know what was on his mind. Enter: letter to the editor.
Turns out he had a lot on his mind, and that he hadn't just shown up to the protest to get out of preaching to his congregation for a few days. He had a philosophy and a plan and everything.
Dr. King used the opportunity to bring everybody up to speed about the protests in Birmingham, what they were about (horrible systemic racism); why the protestors were civilly disobeying (racist) laws and ordinances; why the protestors had truth and justice (and Jesus/America) on their side; and how Dr. King was disappointed with clergymen in the South and so-called white moderates who supposedly believed in his cause but didn't like the "tension" and unrest caused by the protests.
Get off the couch, get out in the streets, and protest injustice with civil disobedience and love.