Study Guide

The Communist Manifesto Characters

By Karl Marx

The Proletariat

Who are the proletariat? A lot of people assume that Marx is talking about all the poor, all the...

The Bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie are the rich, the owners of the means of production (factories, agricultural...

The Aristocracy

The aristocracy is made up of feudal monarchs—you know, all those the medieval kings and...

The Petit Bourgeoisie

Yeah, Marx wants the entire bourgeoisie overthrown—but for him, there's actually more than...

The Lumpenproletariat

The word lumpenproletariat doesn't occur in the 1888 authorized English translation; it is Marx's...