Study Guide

A Confederacy of Dunces Allusions

By John Kennedy Toole

Allusions

Literary, Philosophical, Artistic, and Musical References

Historical and Not-So-Historical References

Pop Culture References

  • Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle (10.92)
  • Batman (10.61, 10.213)
  • Broadway (14.80)
  • Gary Cooper (13.261) 
  • Chicago Bears (2.76)
  • Perry Como (first mention: 4.136)\
  • Doris Day (first mention: 2.6) 
  • Daytona 500 (4.178)
  • Kentucky Derby (first mention: 3.80) 
  • Walt Disney (14.108)
  • Fats Domino (8.277)
  • Marie Dressler (10.92) 
  • Clark Gable (4.94)
  • Judy Garland (12.129)
  • Gold Diggers film series (3.194)
  • Green Bay Packers (2.76)
  • Gypsy (12.202) 
  • Jean Harlow (4.94)
  • Lena Horne (first mention: 12.181)
  • Ruby Keeler (10.174)
  • Fritz Lang (5.177)
  • Charles Laughton (10.99) 
  • Mary Marvel (10.107) — A comic-book character.
  • Jeanette MacDonald (12.167)
  • Ethel Merman (12.202)
  • Metropolis (5.177)
  • Mickey Mouse (first mention: 7.2)
  • George Pal (14.108)
  • Red Dust (4.94) 
  • Debbie Reynolds (first mention: 11.1)
  • "Stranger in Paradise" 
  • Superman (13.170)
  • Shirley Temple (2.114)
  • "Turkey in the Straw" (first mention: 7.14)—An American folk song from the 1900s, first popularized by blackface performers.
  • The Twilight Zone (10.26) 
  • Franki Valli and the Four Seasons, "Big Girls Don't Cry" (first mention: 2.61) 
  • Lawrence Welk (8.19)
  • World Series (4.178)
  • Jane Wyman (11.9)— The film they are referring to with the famous rape scene is the 1949 movie Johnny Belinda.
  • Yogi Bear (first mention: 9.72)
  • Zorro (5.308)