The Diary of Anne Frank Summary
On her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank’s parents give her a diary. She’s excited because she wants someone—or something—in which to confide all of her secret thoughts. Even though she has a rich social life, she feels misunderstood by everyone she knows. Anne starts writing about daily events, her thoughts, school grades, boys, all that.
But, within a month, her entire life changes.
As Jews in German-occupied Holland, the Frank family fears for their lives. When Anne’s sister, Margot, is called to appear before the authorities—which would almost surely mean she was being sent to a concentration camp—Anne and her family go into hiding. They move into a little section of Anne's father's office building that is walled off and hidden behind a swinging bookcase. The little diagram of the office building and "Secret Annex" in the Thursday, July 9, 1942 entry gives us the layout.
For two years, the Frank family lives in this Secret Annex. Mr. and Mrs. van Daan and their son Peter (who is a few years older than Anne) are also in hiding with the Franks. Later, Mr. Dussel (an elderly dentist) moves in, and Anne has to share her bedroom with him. Anne’s adolescence is spent hidden from the outside world. She’s cooped up in tiny rooms, tiptoeing around during the day and becoming shell-shocked from the sounds of bombs and gunfire at night.
Luckily, the Franks have tons of reading material and a radio. Anne grows in her knowledge of politics and literature, and she puts tons of energy into studying and writing. At the same time, she grows further and further away from the other members of the Annex.
We see a real change in Anne when she begins hanging out in the attic with Peter van Daan. Around this time she starts having dreams about a boy she was in love with, another Peter: Peter Schiff. She sometimes even gets the two Peters confused in her head.
She comes to see Peter (of the Annex) as much more than she first thought. She finds him sensitive and caring, and they talk about everything, including sex. Eventually their relationship changes. Anne and Peter’s passion turns into a friendship and a source of comfort for them both.
Another big change for Anne happens when the war seems to be ending. She hears that personal accounts such as her diary will be in demand after the war ends. We see a return to her earlier optimism as she begins editing her diary with vigor and excitement.
Unfortunately, this does not last. Even as Anne becomes more and more sensitive to the suffering going on in the world, her own suffering becomes unbearable. She feels completely alone. She thinks everyone hates her. She feels constantly criticized. And there is no escape. At one point, she thinks it might have been better if she and her family had all died instead of hiding in the Annex. As Anne becomes harder on those around her, she also becomes harder on herself, berating herself for being mean to the other members of the Annex.
There her diary ends. Two short months after Anne’s fifteenth birthday, and two days after he last diary entry, the Secret Annex is raided. We don’t know Anne’s thoughts or feelings at that point or any time after, but we know things got worse.
As you probably already know, Anne and the other members of the Annex were sent to various concentration camps. Anne's father, Otto Frank, was the sole survivor.
Sunday, June 14, 1942
- Anne receives a diary on her thirteenth birthday.
Monday, June 15, 1942
- Anne has a birthday party with her friends from school.
- Anne describes some of her classmates, who don’t end up being important characters in the diary as a whole, so we’re leaving them out. But the descriptions are kind of funny, so we recommend you check them out.
- We lied. One character is a bit important: Lies Goslar, one of Anne’s girlfriends. Apparently Lies can’t keep any secrets from her mom, but she is a nice girl. Remember her.
Saturday, June 20, 1942
- Anne expresses why she wants to keep a diary: she’s lonely. She does have friends (and apparently lots of guys who are in love with her) but no one she can share her secrets with.
- "Kitty"—the name she christens her diary—will be just that friend.
- Anne explains a bit of her family and her life, so we get some good background.
- Anne has a father, mother, and older sister named Margot.
- They all lived in Frankfurt, Germany until Anne was four. The whole family eventually immigrated to Holland because they are Jews and things were getting very bad for Jews in Germany.
- Anne describes how family members still living in Germany have also fled.
- Anne says that life has been hard since 1940 when the Germans moved into Holland. There are lots of laws restricting the freedom of Jews: they have to wear a yellow star, can’t drive cars or bikes, can only go shopping during certain hours of the day, have a nighttime curfew, can’t go to movies, can’t use tennis courts, and so many more things.
Saturday, June 20, 1942 (second entry)
- Anne formed a club of girls that like to play ping-pong, so she describes this a bit.
- Anne describes how many boyfriends she has and how they express their ardor by wanting to ask "Father’s permission."
Sunday, June 21, 1942
- Anne is evidently an incurable chatterbox and her teacher’s attempts to shame her into submission fail dismally. We find out that Anne has an awesome sense of humor.
Wednesday, June 24, 1942
- Anne describes the heat and wishes she was allowed to ride on public transportation, but as a Jew, it is forbidden.
- An older boy (16 years old) named "Hello" Silberberg begins walking Anne to school and Anne expects he will "from now on."
Wednesday, July 1, 1942
- Anne is getting to know Hello a bit better.
- Hello lives with his grandparents and has a girlfriend named Ursula (who he thinks is really boring). He clearly likes Anne more than Ursula.
- Hello talks with Anne and says that his grandparents don’t want him seeing her anymore because she is so young. They also like Ursula. He’s planning to see Anne secretly while his grandparents think he’s at a wood-carving class.
- Hello visits Anne and takes her for a walk. Pim (that’s Anne’s name for her dad) is angry when Hello returns her at ten minutes after eight because it is illegal for Jews to be out after 8 p.m.
- While Anne is out walking with Hello, she sees the love of her life, Peter Schiff, who actually says "hello" to her.
- Hello admits to one of Anne’s friends that he likes Anne better than Ursula. But that’s a secret.
- Anne’s sure Hello is in love with her, although Anne doesn’t love him back.
- Anne’s mom wants to know who she’ll marry, but Anne won’t tell her mom that she’s planning on marrying Peter Schiff.
Sunday, July 5, 1942
- Anne graduates to the next grade level in school. She turns out to be a pretty average student—she’s got mostly Bs as well as a smattering of C’s and D’s.
- Margot, on the other hand, does really well on her report card.
- Anne’s dad tells her that they may go into hiding soon. This is the first time Anne has heard about it, but he reminds her that they have been sending furniture into safekeeping for a year. He says they need to go into hiding or else be hauled off by the Germans.
Wednesday July 8, 1942
- Anne describes the events that have transpired since her conversation with her father.
- As if her father was clairvoyant, that very afternoon a member of their family receives "the call-up" from the SS, meaning deportation to a concentration camp is imminent.
- Mrs. Frank goes to talk with the van Daans, who are going into hiding with the Franks.
- Anne and Margot stay in the house, not answering the doorbell, and waiting for their dad to get home.
- Margot tells Anne that the call up was for her (Margot) and not for their dad. They start packing their things.
- That night, the family sends clothes and books with Miep and Jan Gies to bring to the secret hiding spot.
- Since it’s dangerous for Jews to be seen with suitcases, the next day they dress in three layers of clothing before heading out. Margot goes first with Miep in the early morning, and Anne with her parents following later in the day.
Thursday July 9, 1942
- Anne recounts the walk to the hiding place. Her dad says that they were planning on going into hiding on July 16th but had to leave early because of Margot’s call-up. They’ll be hiding in her dad’s office building.
- Anne describes the office building and the hiding space. She even makes a floor plan of the place, which you should definitely check out in your book.
Friday, July 10, 1942
- Anne describes their arrival at the "Secret Annex." Their rooms are crammed full of boxes and all of their stuff.
- While Margot and Mrs. Frank rest, Anne and her dad clean the place up and improve the blackout curtains so nobody knows they are there at night.
Saturday, July 11, 1942
- Nobody but Anne loves the sound of the Westertoren clock, which signals every quarter of an hour. To Anne, it feels like a faithful friend.
- Anne thinks they have the most comfortable hiding place in all of Holland.
- However, she is always terrified that the neighbors might hear them and discover them. Margot has a cold but isn’t even allowed to cough.
- Anne describes the silence of the hiding place as oppressive, especially at night. She can’t wait until the van Daans arrive so that the place isn’t so lonely.
Sunday, July 12, 1942
- Anne’s having a hard time being alone with her family. They’re always picking on her (and not on Margot).
- The family thinks it’s so nice to have the four of them all together, but Anne doesn’t agree; she thinks she doesn’t fit in with them.
- Anne also misses her cat badly (they had to leave the cat behind), and cries whenever she hears her cat’s name.
Friday, August 14, 1942
- The van Daans arrive with their cat, Mouschi, on July 13th.
- Anne describes Peter as a shy, gawky, soft boy of 16. She doesn’t think she can expect much from him in terms of friendship.
- Mr. van Daan tells the story about how he fooled the Franks’ upstairs neighbors and led them to believe that the Franks had escaped into Switzerland. He told the neighbors not to breathe a word about it to anyone. Of course, the neighbors told everyone... which the Franks find amusing.
Friday, August 21, 1942
- The Secret Annex is properly hidden with a swinging bookcase.
- Anne decides to give herself a holiday from school until September.
- Mr. van Daan treats Anne like a baby, which really bothers her.
- Peter lies around all lazy and the only eventful thing he’s done is to wash his hair.
Wednesday, September 2, 1942
- Predictably, when eight people are cramped into a small space, they stop getting along. And pretty quickly, too. For example, Mrs. van Daan is angry that her dishes have to be used instead of Mrs. Frank’s.
- Margot and Peter are allowed to read nearly all the books that Mr. Kleiman lends, but the grownups hold back one book on women. Peter’s very interested in this book, so he manages to sneak it.
- After he is caught, he sneaks it again.
- Mrs. van Daan asks Mrs. Frank what she thinks and Anne’s mom says that Margot is more intelligent and mature than Peter and that is why she should be allowed to read more mature books.
Monday, September 21, 1942
- Mrs. van Daan is unbearable—she’s always getting mad at Anne for talking so much, and Mrs. van Daan is always trying to weasel her way out of doing the dishes.
- Anne begins home school. She’s trying to learn French, and she’s helping her dad improve his Dutch (remember, her parents are from Germany and their first language is German).
- Anne is discussed by the parents and everybody decides she is a complete "ignoramus," so she tries to study harder.
- Anne suddenly realizes that she does not have sufficient clothes for the winter so she starts knitting a wool jumper.
- Mrs. van Daan shows up and wants to peek at Anne’s diary, which of course Anne refuses.
Friday, September 25, 1942
- Anne discusses Peter with the van Daans, saying she does not like the way he is always patting her on the cheek. They ask if she can’t love him like a brother, since they apparently think he likes her as a sister.
- Pim writes a letter to a man who had hidden some things for the Franks. They insert it in an envelope that came from southern Zeeland, so that it looks like the Franks are out of the country. Quite clever.
Sunday, September 27, 1942
- Anne and her mother have a fight and Anne ends up crying. She feels like her mom doesn’t know her at all. Anne doesn’t understand Margot either.
- Mrs. van Daan keeps hiding more of her things and being all moody.
- Mrs. van Daan likes to criticize Anne, especially at the dinner table, and talk about how poorly Anne is being raised.
Monday, September 28, 1942
- More fussing and fighting between the adults. Anne believes she is often the subject of discussion—especially about how badly she is being raised.
- Anne is tired of being frequently criticized and wonders if she is really as bad as everybody says.
- Anne says you never really know anybody until you’ve had a fight with them. Until then, you can’t judge their character.
Tuesday, September 29, 1942
- Because there is no shower or bathtub, each person develops their own "place" to try to take a private bath, using a washtub.
Thursday, October 1, 1942
- Everybody is scared and shocked at a sudden ringing of the doorbell at 8 p.m., an usual time for someone to come calling at a business office. Thankfully, it turns out to be nothing.
- They celebrate Mrs. van Daan’s birthday.
- Peter and Anne dress up, Peter in women’s clothes and Anne in men’s, to amuse the adults.
- Mrs. van Daan likes to flirt with Mr. Frank. Apparently she likes patting his cheeks and hiking up her skirt and stuff. Thankfully Anne’s dad isn’t remotely interested.
- The three teenagers are going to start taking a shorthand course at home.
Saturday, October 3, 1942
- Another argument erupts between Anne and her mother (who knows what about) but her mom then starts harping on all of Anne’s faults. This makes both Anne and her mother cry, but for different reasons.
- Anne tells her father she loves him more than her mother. He thinks it’s just a passing phase. Mr. Frank also wishes Anne would help her mother more, but Anne refuses.
- Anne gets to read slightly more grown-up books, but they sound pretty ridiculous. In a book Anne is reading, one of the characters gets her period, and Anne envies that. She wants to be grown up.
Wednesday, October 7, 1942
- Anne writes an entry imagining that she’s in Switzerland and her father gives her money to buy whatever she wants.
- What does she end up getting? Underwear, clothes, shoes, purses, makeup, soap, books, etc. That she’s daydreaming about buying underwear means that she’s really living without many luxuries right now.
Friday, October 9, 1942
- Anne describes some news she’s gotten from the radio and Miep.
- The Gestapo are treating Jewish people without the least bit of decency or humanity.
- The radio says that people are getting gassed.
- Bep (one of the "protectors" who works in the office) is afraid her boyfriend will be sent to Germany to fight, where he is likely to die.
- Anne reflects how she used to be German, but now Germans and Jews are the greatest of enemies.
Wednesday, October 14, 1942
- Anne is busy with schoolwork... but avoiding math.
- Anne, Margot, and their mom are all friends again. Anne and Margot decide to let each other read portions of each their diaries.
- Anne and Margot have another sisterly moment, where Margot assures Anne that she is quite attractive and has nice eyes, but Anne is not satisfied and thinks the comment is too vague.
Tuesday, October 20, 1942
- Nobody warns the Franks or van Daans that somebody is coming to refill the fire extinguishers. Everybody hears banging from the carpenter. They’re all scared silly.
- Finally, they hear a knock. But it is just Mr. Kleiman.
- Anne is relieved and says that in her mind, the man who was trying to get in had grown to be the greatest fascist that ever walked the earth.
- On Monday, Miep and Jan Gies had a slumber party with the Annex group.
Thursday, October 29, 1942
- Anne’s father is sick and they obviously can’t call a doctor.
- Anne is allowed to read more grown-up books lately, and in German too.
- Anne’s mother gives her a book of prayers and Anne tries to read them in German but doesn’t feel very religious.
Monday November 2, 1942
- Bep stays the night in the Annex, just for fun.
- Anne is again hoping she’ll start her period soon.
Thursday, November 5, 1942
- Anne isn’t getting along with Margot again. Things are going a bit better with her mom, but not that great.
- The British have had some success on the war front in Africa lately.
Monday, November 9, 1942
- Peter turns sixteen.
- Mr. van Daan announces that the British have landed in Tunis, Algiers, Casablanca, and Oran. Everybody is saying this is the beginning of the end, but Mr. Churchill says that it is "the end of the beginning."
- While lugging a sack of beans upstairs, Peter accidentally splits one of them and a "hailstorm" of brown beans pours down the stairs all over Anne.
- Mr. Frank isn’t sick anymore.
Tuesday, November 10, 1942
- The Secret Annex group decides that, given the situation, they should try to rescue one more Jew. It is just as dangerous for seven people to be hiding as for eight.
- After Mr. Frank rejects the idea of bringing any more of the van Daan family into the Secret Annex, they invite an elderly Jewish dentist, Alfred Dussel, to join them.
Thursday, November 12, 1942
- Mr. Dussel is pleased to find that he has a hiding place and accepts. However, he strangely decides to get his dentistry records up to date and see a couple of patients before entering into hiding.
- Anne wonders why he doesn’t jump at the chance of hiding immediately, given the situation. We’re thinking along the same lines as her.
Tuesday, November 17, 1942
- Mr. Dussel arrives and is shocked to discover the Franks. He had completely been taken in by the story that they had escaped.
- The van Daans give him a copy of the "Prospectus and Guide to the Secret Annex," which demonstrates that the van Daans do have a sense of humor after all. It’s written like a typical tourist tract and describes the hiding place as if it is a luxury resort for Jews. You should definitely check this part out, if you haven’t already.
Thursday, November 19, 1942
- Mr. Dussel becomes Anne’s roommate. This guy, as Anne puts it, is "slow to catch on" to the rules.
- Mr. Dussel describes what has been going on in the "outside" world and everybody is shocked to discover which friends have disappeared.
- Anne reflects on how guilty she feels because she is warm and protected when so many people she knows are being rounded up by the Germans.
Friday, November 20, 1942
- Now that Mr. Dussel is around to talk about current events, Anne thinks about how little they knew about the outside world.
- Miep protects them from the news because she knows it will make Mother and Mrs. van Daan cry.
- Anne feels like she can’t be happy when so many people in the world are suffering.
- Anne feels lonely, and as beloved as her father is, he cannot replace all that she has lost. She misses her friends.
Saturday, November 28, 1942
- The members of the Annex have used too much electricity (there’s a ration on it) and it will be cut off for two weeks.
- One of Mr. Dussel’s favorite pastimes is to give Anne sermons on proper manners and behavior. This, in addition to Mrs. van Daan’s nagging, is really hard for Anne to deal with.
- Anne wishes she could behave differently than she does.
Monday, December 7, 1942
- The members of the Secret Annex celebrate Hanukkah and St. Nicholas Day. Everyone gets little gifts.
Thursday, December 10, 1942
- Mr. van Daan proves his usefulness when they get a lot of meat and he turns it into sausage, which apparently also preserves it.
- Mrs. van Daan thinks she has broken a rib, to which Anne says, "that’s what happens when old ladies do such stupid exercises to get rid of their fat behinds!" Burn. Anne's commentary is pretty savage (and awesome).
- Mr. Dussel plays dentist and tries to fix Mrs. van Daan’s teeth, but the woman is a terrible patient.
- Anne doesn’t seem to think that Mr. Dussel is such a great dentist because she compares him to a "quack" from the Middle Ages and calls Mrs. van Daan his "first victim."
Sunday, December 13, 1942
- Anne spends many hours by the window, watching the world pass outside. She makes up short stories about the people who walk by.
Tuesday, December 22, 1942
- The excitement of the day is that the Annex group is getting extra butter rations for Christmas and everybody is wondering what they will bake with it.
- Anne makes cookies and two cakes.
- We actually hear something good about Mrs. van Daan: Anne says that when Mrs. Van Daan is well (she has a bruised hip right now), she’s hardworking, neat, and cheerful. Who would have guessed from Anne’s earlier descriptions?
- Anne can’t stand "His Lordship," Mr. Dussel, who shares her bedroom. He does really annoying things like shushing her (you know, "shhhh") in the middle of the night when she rolls over, whereas he gets up at dawn on Sundays, turns on the lights, and loudly bumps into all of the furniture while getting dressed.
Wednesday, January 13, 1943
- Anne and the Secret Annex crew are helping out with boring office tasks—actually filling packets with powdered gravy.
- Anne describes the suffering of people outside and considers how selfish the members of the Secret Annex are to talk about what they will do or buy "after the war."
Saturday, January 30, 1943
- Anne describes her anger at the way everybody criticizes and misunderstands her. She often cries herself to sleep at night and tries to be good.
Friday, February 5, 1943
- Anne is constantly compared to Margot and she detests it. She does not want to be like Margot at all, because she thinks Margot is too passive.
- The bickering and fighting between the van Daans and the Franks is constant.
- There’s some pretty funny stuff going on too—like Peter thinking "RSVP" means "warning" or "danger" and posting that on the bathroom when he doesn’t flush. You’ve got to check this part out.
Saturday, February 27, 1943
- The office building containing the Secret Annex gets sold without warning. The new owner and an architect come to check out the building and Mr. Kleiman (one of the protectors), pretends he’s forgotten the key to the part of the building that leads to the Secret Annex. Close call.
Thursday, March 4, 1943
- Mrs. van Daan gets the nickname "Mrs. Beaverbrook," after a radio man who has the same political opinions as her. She seems to like the name.
Wednesday, March 10, 1943
- Everybody is frightened by the war planes and machine guns at night and Anne frequently crawls into her dad’s room for comfort.
- Mrs. van Daan thinks she hears burglars in the attic at night, but they discover it is a swarm of rats instead.
- Peter accidentally puts his hand on a gigantic rat in the middle of the night and it bites him. Ugh.
Friday, March 12, 1943
- Anne describes "Boche," the downstairs office cat, nicknamed after the Germans because he is always instigating fights.
- Everybody is sick of eating beans, which is all they’ve been eating.
- Topics of Anne’s writing for the day: air raids, cigarette shortages, canned food, and Anne’s shoes are too small.
- Mr. Frank declares he will never go to another barber again because Anne has gotten so good at cutting his hair. Anne just wishes she didn’t nick his ears so often.
Thursday, March 18, 1943
- Turkey (yes, we mean the country) is in the war.
Friday, March 19, 1943
- Oops, Turkey is not in the war after all. Not yet.
- 500 and 1000 guilder notes (that’s money) are no longer valid.
- Mr. Dussel is breaking the rules and writing letters to people outside of the Secret Annex. This is really dangerous.
- They hear a bit of Hitler’s propaganda on the radio.
Thursday, March 25, 1943
- A burglar breaks into the office and the Franks, van Daans, and Mr. Dussel wait in horrible suspense, afraid for their lives.
- In the morning, the men go downstairs to check it out and it turns out they are quite safe.
Saturday, March 27, 1943
- The teenagers have finished the shorthand course and are now working on increasing their speed.
- Anne is obsessed with Greek and Roman mythology and the adults laugh at her because they’ve never met a teenager interested in mythology.
- Anne reflects further on how the Germans treat Jews worse than animals. It makes her sick.
Thursday, April 1, 1943
- All of the Secret Annex’s "protectors" are sick in one way or another.
- Anne’s father is nervous about some important business-related talks going on downstairs, so they listen in, with their faces pressed against the floor. Anne gets so bored she falls asleep.
Friday, April 2, 1943
- Anne’s mother wants to say prayers with Anne, but she refuses. Now she’s in trouble for making her mother feel bad. But Anne says she can’t love her mom because she thinks her mother is cold to her.
- Anne realizes that her behavior actually does bother her mother; her mom cried half the night.
- Anne is expected to apologize to her mother but she won’t.
Tuesday, April 27, 1943
- Everyone is angry with everyone else and the "protectors" are still sick.
- The food situation is getting worse. They’re eating spinach or lettuce for lunch and rotting potatoes.
Saturday, May 1, 1943
- It’s Mr. Dussel's birthday and he acts all childish and excited about it.
- Mr. Dussel turns out to be pretty selfish. He’s hiding all kinds of good food (like bread and cheese), which he keeps for himself. Anne thinks he acts ungrateful considering they saved him. He also isn’t at all generous with the protectors.
- Martial law has been declared in Holland.
Sunday, May 2, 1943
- Anne concludes that the members of the Secret Annex are living in paradise compared to other Jews.
- At the same time, everything (and everyone) is dirty. Clothes are falling apart, sheets go unwashed, and clothes are too small.
- She wonders if the family will be able to recover financially after the war. They used to be pretty well off.
Sunday, May 2, 1943 (second entry)
- Anne uses this entry to talk about how everyone in the Secret Annex views the war.
- Mr. van Daan: thinks the war won’t end until the end of 1943. Anne feels like that’s a long time.
- Mrs. van Daan: wants to get false ID papers made, not considering how much money that would cost.
- Mr. Frank: optimistic.
- Mr. Dussel: defends His Majesty and expects never to be contradicted.
Tuesday, May 18, 1943
- Anne witnesses an air battle between German and British planes. The Allied soldiers (British) have to parachute out of their burning plane.
- The Secret Annex crew has to burn their garbage every day rather than put it in a trash can, since they don’t want office workers who don’t know about them to find out.
- The young people of Holland are all being forced to join the Germans or do hard labor in Germany. Anne wonders what will become of Holland.
- The guns are loud and terrifying at night. Mrs. van Daan is terrified, and, since her husband doesn’t comfort her well enough, she goes to sleep with Mr. Dussel (!).
- Anne finds this so hysterical that the guns don’t bother her anymore that night.
Sunday, June 13, 1943
- Anne turns fourteen and receives a birthday poem from Pim (her nickname for her father).
- The poem is in the diary and it’s very sweet. Basically her dad acknowledges that they’ve all been a nagging pain to Anne and asks her to please put up with them. The poem shows that he sees what’s going on with her pretty well.
- Anne also gets a big fat Greek and Roman mythology book, which she’s psyched about.
Tuesday, June 15, 1943
- One of the protectors, Mr. Voskuijl, has terminal cancer. Everyone in the Secret Annex misses him.
- Everybody in Holland has to turn in their radios to the officials. The Annex group, however, is getting a secret small one. People all throughout the country are trying to get hold of old radios that they can turn in while secretly keeping another one on hand. Without a radio, they can’t access British war news and will only hear German propaganda.
Sunday, July 11, 1943
- Anne continues to get criticized for being a bad kid. She’s trying to keep herself from telling everyone what she thinks of them, and is trying to use humor to deal with the constant scolding.
- Anne decides to let her shorthand go for a little while. Her eyes have gotten really bad, but it is impossible to find a safe way to get glasses.
- The family is thinking of getting one of the protectors to take Anne to see an eye doctor. The decision hasn’t been made yet, though.
- Anne and Margot begin to help Miep with office work like filing.
Tuesday, July 13, 1943
- Anne tries to reason with Mr. Dussel to allow her to use the table in their room two afternoons a week, so that she can get some of her work done. Mr. Dussel scoffs at her, suggesting that her "work" in mythology is not real work at all.
- Pim goes to bat for Anne and asks Mr. Dussel to reconsider. Mr. Dussel finally gives in.
Friday, July 16, 1943
- Burglars again in the office, only this time for real. They steal blank checks, cashboxes, and the Secret Annex’s ration coupons for 330 pounds of sugar.
Monday, July 19, 1943
- North Amsterdam is heavily bombed and lies in ruins. Hundreds were killed.
Friday, July 23, 1943
- Anne describes the first thing each person wants when they get out of the Secret Annex:
- Mr. and Mrs. van Daan: a hot bath.
- Mr. Dussel: to see his girlfriend.
- Mrs. Frank: a cup of real coffee.
- Mr. Frank: to see Mr. Voskuijl (the nice guy who is dying of cancer).
- Peter: to go downtown.
- Anne: for her family to have a home of their own again so she can move about freely.
Monday, July 26, 1943
- Bombs fall nearby, frightening everybody.
Thursday, July 29, 1943
- Anne groans over Mr. Dussel and Mrs. van Daan, who have been criticizing her and her "upbringing" again.
- Anne goes off (in writing), criticizing "Madame" van Daan for two pretty long paragraphs.
Tuesday, August 3, 1943
- More air raids. The Italians are fighting the Fascists now.
- The cats bring fleas inside the Secret Annex and everybody suffers.
Wednesday, August 4, 1943
- Anne describes a "typical" evening and night in the Secret Annex: getting ready for bed at 9 p.m., everyone waiting to use the sink, saying goodnights, Mr. Dussel loudly shuffling around, etc.
- Anne writes a description of Mr. Dussel’s night sounds, which isn’t pretty.
Thursday, August 5, 1943
- Anne describes a "typical" day in the Secret Annex up to mid-afternoon: once it’s lunch time in the office below, the Secret Annex can relax a bit, listen to the radio, distribute food, etc.
Saturday, August 7, 1943
- Anne is writing some fiction. Not many details.
Monday, August 9, 1943
- Anne is running out of things to write about.
- She now describes a "typical" day from mid-afternoon through the evening meal: Mr. van Daan getting served first, Mrs. van Daan giving everyone advice, Peter being quiet, Mr. Dussel hogging all of the food.
Tuesday, August 10, 1943
- Anne decides to keep her opinions to herself during meals, which everyone seems to appreciate.
- The Westertoren clock’s bells have been taken away. They’ll be melted down for some purpose in the war. No one knows what time of day it is anymore.
- Anne gets new shoes (high heels), which everyone admires.
- Anne does a bunch of clumsy things and ends up with a hurt finger, hurt toe, and bump on her head.
- Mr. Dussel endangers everybody’s lives by getting Miep to bring him a forbidden (anti-Mussolini) book.
- Anne writes about potato peeling: how Mr. Dussel does it badly but lectures her on how to do it like him; how Mrs. van Daan tries to flirt with Mr. Dussel while peeling potatoes. This part is pretty funny—be sure to check it out.
- Anne writes about "freedom in the Annex": Bep shows up at 5 p.m. to let them know the office workers are gone, so they can wander around the office and warehouse.
Monday, August 23, 1943
- Anne describes the early morning, before breakfast, which seems to be the only time the Franks have a bit of real family time.
- At 8:30am they have to stop using water, flushing the toilet, and making noise because the office workers start showing up.
- The Franks settle in to reading, knitting, and having quiet family time.
Friday, September 10, 1943
- Italy capitulates (that’s a crazy word for surrendering).
- Mr. Kleiman goes to the hospital for an abdominal operation.
Thursday, September 16, 1943
- Everyone is so touchy and interactions are so tense that nobody talks at mealtimes.
- Anne feels depressed and takes valerian to try to fight it.
- The warehouseman, Mr. Maaren, is becoming suspicious of the Secret Annex. Everyone, including the protectors, is acting extra cautious.
Wednesday, September 29, 1943
- It is Mrs. van Daan’s birthday and she gets some food rations, but really nothing very exciting.
- Bep has a fit of nerves. So many of the other "protectors" are sick that most of the care and errands for the Secret Annex folks is up to her. She is doing too much work.
- Mr. Dussel is all fussy because he thinks everyone is treating him badly. Mrs. Frank tells him that he has been a disappointment and the cause of a lot of trouble. Anne thinks the man hasn’t done anything to merit being liked.
- Pim and Mr. van Daan are at odds again because the van Daans have been holding back food and acting sneakily.
Sunday, October 17, 1943
- Mr. van Daan has run out of money but Mrs. van Daan doesn’t want to sell any of her nice, valuable clothes. She thinks that the company (the office that they’re living in) should pay for everything they need, which everyone but her thinks is ridiculous.
Friday, October 29, 1943
- The van Daans have been unable to get money by selling clothes because they’re asking too high a price. They finally sell one of Mrs. van Daans furs, but she wants to keep the money to buy some clothes after the war. This lady is hard to understand.
- The van Daans have a raging fight.
- Anne has lost her appetite and is feeling generally awful and oppressed by the Secret Annex and its inhabitants.
Saturday, October 30, 1943
- Anne feels sad because her parents always side with Margot during disagreements. She’s also jealous of her father’s affection for Margot—but she says she isn’t jealous of Margot. Really she just wants to trust that her father loves her for who she is.
- Anne has an even harder time with her mother. She thinks Mrs. Frank doesn’t act like a mom. Anne feels like she has to mother herself.
- Anne believes that she has no good role models and that her parents have let her down.
Wednesday, November 3, 1943
- Mr. Frank wants to give Anne a Bible to continue her education. It’s rather awkward when everybody realizes he meant to give it to her on Hanukkah; then he says, er, well, St. Nicholas Day might be a better day to give that gift.
- The group is beginning to be careless, according to Anne. They’re lighting a fire during hours when neighbors can see the smoke and opening the curtains occasionally. Everyone fights about these occurrences.
Monday evening, November 8, 1943
- Anne says that she’s feeling depressed. She’s easily terrified.
- A ring at the door while Bep is there reminds Anne once again of the constant danger they live in.
- In bed at night, Anne imagines the Secret Annex burning, or being alone in a jail.
Thursday, November 11, 1943
- Anne eulogizes the life of her fountain pen, which was accidentally burned in the fire.
Wednesday, November 17, 1943
- The protectors are still either sick or frantically busy.
- Mr. Dussel is giving the van Daans the silent treatment for no apparent reason.
- Mr. Dussel has also been in the Annex for one year. He does not thank the rest of the members for unselfishly taking him in. Anne has absolutely no respect for the man.
Saturday, November 27, 1943
- Anne dreams about her old school friend, Lies Hanneli, and feels terribly guilty that she is safe and her friend, in the dream, is suffering.
- Anne asks God to help Lies. She feels very tortured about her friend in this entry.
Monday, December 6, 1943
- Anne celebrates St. Nicholas Day by giving each person a poem.
Wednesday, December 22, 1943
- Anne is sick with flu and everybody receives extra food items for Christmas.
Friday, December 24, 1943
- Anne had the flu (she’s better now). Anne recalls that everyone tried to administer their own cures to her, but the worst was Mr. Dussel putting his head on Anne’s chest to check her heart. This horrified and embarrassed her. It’s a pretty funny story, though, the ways she tells it.
Friday, December 24, 1943 (second entry)
- Anne has conflicted emotions. She feels very lucky when thinking about her situation as compared to that of other Jews, but unhappy when she hears about her protectors’ children’s sports teams and such. Anne wants desperately to have a joyful youth.
- Anne also wants very much to have the kind of mother who is comforting and understands her.
Sunday, December 26, 1943
- Anne hopes she becomes like her father, who has been through so much and has become so tolerant.
Monday, December 27, 1943
- Anne receives something for Christmas for the first time in her life. Mr. Kleiman, Mr. Kugler, and the girls (Miep and Bep) surprise the Secret Annex with a cake that says "Peace 1944" on it.
Wednesday, December 29, 1943
- Anne remembers her grandmother and her friend Lies again and mourns the loss of them from her life. She worries about whether Lies is alright, and whether she is still alive.
Thursday, December 30, 1943
- The group continues with its domestic struggles, especially regarding the fair distribution of food.
Sunday, January 2, 1944
- Anne rereads some of her journal excerpts from the past and is shocked to see how she describes her mother. She says she no longer gives her mother the trouble she used to because she no longer has the "moods" that she used to have. She’s grown up a lot in a year, in short.
- This more mature version of Anne feels that her mother does love her, but the relationship is strained because of the tense situation they live in.
- Rereading her diary, she feels that she often wrote when she was most emotional, so it isn’t an accurate representation about how she usually feels about her life and family.
Thursday, January 6, 1944
- Anne reflects on her mother’s style of parenting—to try to be a friend to her daughters rather than a mother. Anne thinks this method doesn’t work so well.
- Anne discusses an article she read on blushing, about how girls undergoing puberty begin to think about the changes to the body and become embarrassed. Anne says that is true. Her periods give her the sense of having a "sweet secret."
- Also, the article suggests that girls at this age begin to discover that they have thoughts and ideas of their own—also true, Anne writes.
- Anne admits that she finds nude female bodies very beautiful and exciting.
Thursday, January 6, 1944 (second entry)
- Peter and Anne begin to explore a friendship. Anne is helping him with crossword puzzles—how romantic.
- Anne now finds his shyness sweet.
- Anne dreams of her old childhood sweetheart, Peter Schiff, and thinks of him with longing.
Friday, January 7, 1944
- Anne describes the history of her boyfriends for "Kitty" (her diary).
- The most important boy was Peter Schiff, whom she spent a wonderful summer with before sixth grade, but then he went off to middle school. He also moved and was influenced by his friends to stop seeing Anne, who was younger than him.
- Anne still has a huge crush on Peter Schiff that time hasn’t cured. Well, actually she says she’s in love with him.
- Anne thinks that she now understands sexual desire because of how much she loves Peter Schiff. She daydreams about him constantly.
Wednesday, January 12, 1944
- Anne is experiencing a dance and ballet craze; she’s making dance outfits for herself and practicing steps. Hey, it’s something to do.
- Anne reflects how her mother understands Margot but does not understand her, even though her mother thinks she understands both daughters.
- Anne and Margot’s relationship is improving. According to Anne, it’s because Margot is changing.
- Anne tries to see herself through the eyes of somebody else.
- God has sent her a helper—Peter! And by Peter, she means Peter Schiff, not Peter van Daan—yet. The idea of Peter S. is keeping her spirits up.
Saturday, January 15, 1944
- More fighting.
- The van Daans are angry because Mrs. Frank’s birthday is approaching and their protectors gave her some extra sugar—Mrs. van Daan was not honored in this way for her birthday.
- Anne continues to find the van Daans and Mr. Dussel stingy and selfish.
Wednesday, January 19, 1944
- Anne dreams again of Peter Schiff.
- Anne is feeling more and more like she has grown a lot since she first started writing in her diary. She feels more forgiving of her parents, but still longs for her father’s sincere affection.
Saturday, January 22, 1944
- Anne suddenly has the insight that the Franks are not always right and the van Daans are not always wrong. She realizes this because her own mother can be difficult. She decides that from now on, she will try to be independent in her views rather than biased by her own family.
Monday, January 24, 1944
- Margot, Peter, and Anne are peeling potatoes and the subject of Boche the cat’s gender comes up. Later, Peter shows Anne how he knows that Boche is a boy. Anne marvels that the subject of sex could come up so naturally with a boy.
- Anne and Peter don’t know the name of male sexual organs, so Peter is going to ask his dad to report back. Sounds like it will be a odd conversation.
Friday, January 28, 1944
- Anne is now obsessed with family trees and genealogical charts.
- Even though it’s been a year or more since she’s gone to the movies, Anne is still able to recognize movie stars and name the movies they’ve been in accurately.
- Anne experiments with new hairdos, which everyone criticizes.
Friday, January 28, 1944 (second entry)
- Anne thinks about how unselfish their protectors are, to risk their own lives to save the Franks, van Daans, and Mr. Dussel. They have never complained about the burden or discussed fear of what would happen to them if the Secret Annex were discovered—which is probably the same fate as the Jews.
- The protectors bring the Secret Annex crew news and stories about other Jews in hiding.
Thursday, February 3, 1944
- The news is full of musings about the possibility of a British invasion and what lengths the Germans would go to prevent such an invasion, including flooding Amsterdam.
- The members of the Secret Annex have a great discussion about what they’ll do if the Germans manage to flood Amsterdam—swim, walk on stilts, etc.
- Frightening rumors abound about what the Germans intend to do if Holland is liberated from German occupation.
Tuesday, February 8, 1944
- Anne is aching to laugh again, and finally she and Margot get the giggles and actually feel like teenagers.
- Anne has another run-in with her mom where her mother misinterprets Anne’s teasing as criticism.
- Anne muses over her parents’ marriage. She thinks that her father married her mom because she would be a good, practical wife and not because he was in love with her. Anne thinks her mom loves him more than anybody and that it’s destroying her mom not to have the love returned.
- Anne recognizes the lack of love in her mother’s life, but still can’t feel much sympathy for her.
Saturday, February 12, 1944
- The sun is shining and Anne wants nothing more than to be outside.
Monday, February 14, 1944
- Anne is excited because she notices Peter looking at her and trying not to look at her—basically all of the symptoms of a crush.
- Peter has a run-in with Mr. Dussel over the radio. Afterwards, Peter reveals to Anne how mad Mr. Dussel makes him. Anne is relieved that she is not the only one who can’t stand the stuffy man.
- Peter opens up to Anne a bit about his personal insecurities, like his shyness about talking in front of people.
Tuesday, February 15, 1944
- Peter apologizes to Mr. Dussel for getting mad at him about the radio incident. Anne is impressed that he could say sorry after having been so mad.
Wednesday, February 16, 1944
- It’s Margot’s birthday.
- Peter and Anne start to talk for long periods of time. He tries to complete little tasks for her (like getting things out of the attic). They are feeling each other out. They like like each other.
- Anne begins psychoanalyzing Peter. She thinks he has an inferiority complex and is in desperate need of affection.
Thursday, February 17, 1944
- Mrs. van Daan gets Anne to read aloud some of the stories Anne is writing. The older woman really enjoys them.
- Peter heard some of the stories too and asks Anne to come to his room and read him more. She immediately goes to his room and wonders whether he will ask her again in the future.
Friday, February 18, 1944
- Anne’s life now has an object: Peter.
- Anne hopes to run into Peter whenever she goes upstairs. Although she admits she’s not falling in love with him, she has high hopes for a good friendship.
Saturday, February 19, 1944
- Anne feels lonely and dejected. She cries, longing for Peter, longing for deeper interactions.
- She’s worried Peter doesn’t like her after all and has just been being polite.
Sunday, February 20, 1944
- Anne describes the Annex inmates’ Sunday morning routines.
- She hates Mr. Dussel’s routine. He washes himself for an hour, thumps around loudly, and then she has to watch him pray for an hour in their room.
- The Franks wait for their turn for the bathroom.
- Anne and Margot do the laundry.
- Everyone has breakfast together then goes about their separate business.
Wednesday, February 23, 1944
- Anne is a little happier today because the weather is good and because it seems like she and Peter have some connection again.
- The weather is so beautiful that Anne feels she can’t be sad.
- At the end of her journal entry, Anne writes a note to Peter about how happiness cannot be destroyed by bad circumstances. Happiness can be reduced, but it will always be able to return.
Sunday, February 27, 1944
- Anne thinks of nothing else but Peter. She’s sure they understand each other perfectly and experience many of the same feelings. She can’t wait for him to be able to open himself up to her more.
Monday, February 28, 1944
- Peter Schiff and Peter van Daan have grown into the same person in Anne’s mind.
Wednesday, March 1, 1944
- Another burglary. The Annex members think the burglar must have had a duplicate key to the office. The thief stole a briefcase and a projector.
Thursday, March 2, 1944
- Bep tries to tell Anne’s mother and Mrs. van Daan about her problems but they don’t understand and give her what Anne thinks is pathetic advice.
- Mrs. Frank is jealous that Anne talks to Mrs. van Daan more than to her own mother.
- Peter tells Anne about his frustrations with his parents and how they fight all the time. Anne lets him know that the Franks don’t like his parents much either. (That must have bit a bit uncomfortable.)
- Peter thinks Anne’s dad is a "terrific guy."
Friday, March 3, 1944
- Peter and Anne have a rather silly flirtatious conversation that indicates their growing affection for each other. Every word spoken between them now drips with meaning for Anne. She is heavy into this crush now.
Saturday, March 4, 1944
- Anne admits that this is the first Saturday in the Secret Annex that hasn’t been dreary, dull, and long. The reason: Peter.
- Mr. van Daan teases her, asking if he can trust her up there in the attic with Peter alone. She answers, "Of course!"
Monday, March 6, 1944
- Anne longs to be a better friend to Peter and ease his loneliness. She’s very motherly and wants desperately for him to be happy. She also attributes a lot of thoughts and feelings to him and it’s not clear if they’re really in his mind or not.
- Anne is greatly enjoying the challenge of trying to draw Peter out (and get him to fall in love with her).
- Anne now finds all of Peter’s awkwardness and shyness to be adorable.
Tuesday, March 7, 1944
- Anne reflects on how much she has changed since she went into hiding. She is no longer just the flirtatious little Anne who wanted to have fun. You should definitely read her description of herself. It’s pretty funny, especially how she says she was "magnanimous with my candy."
- Anne sees herself as a completely different girl from the one she used to be. Now she "want[s] friends, not admirers."
- She reviews all of her growth in the past two years. This is a great part to reread.
- Anne is definitely happy today. She thinks there is so much beauty left in the world that everyone can be happy.
Wednesday, March 8, 1944
- Anne and Margot are writing fun notes to each other. The latest is about Mr. Dussel’s annoying snoring.
- Anne starts dreaming about kissing Peter, but in her dreams something always goes wrong, like his cheeks aren’t as soft as she’d hoped!
Friday, March 10, 1944
- Lots of bad things have happened today. Here goes:
- Miep is sick.
- The person who used to deliver their food got arrested, which is even more tragic because he has a large family to support.
- Someone knocked on the wall from the building next door, which terrified the Secret Annex group.
Saturday, March 11, 1944
- Anne is feeling sad because Peter seems to be ignoring her. Is he angry about something? She’s worried that she might have been smothering him and is second guessing all of her behavior toward him.
- Margot wants Anne to confide in her more. Anne would rather stick to the journal.
Tuesday, March 14, 1944
- Food is so scarce that the Secret Annex members are now resorting to eating rotten food—in this case, kale that has been in the barrel for a year.
- The people who supplied their food are all arrested, and Bep can’t keep up with the necessary grocery shopping, since all of the other protectors are sick.
- Anne describes how everybody is coping with the situation, and it doesn’t sound pretty. Everyone thinks only about himself or herself—except for Mr. Frank, who is considerate and optimistic.
Wednesday, March 16, 1944
- Mr. Kugler has been called up by the Germans to go digging (whatever it is the Germans seem to want dug), but he’s very sick.
- Mr. Kleiman’s gastrointestinal problems are even worse.
- They hear from Bep about how doctors are so busy now, they just want to hear symptoms over the phone and then will diagnose—they don’t even want to see the patient.
Thursday, March 16, 1944 (second entry)
- Anne needs some alone time but can never escape all of the people.
- She feels like she’s withdrawing more and more from her family members emotionally.
- Anne longs to talk to Peter, to discuss their situation, their feelings for each other. But, she resolves, he must be the one to start the conversation. If only she could write to him, though…
Friday, March 17, 1944
- Mr. Kugler has been exempted from digging.
- Anne reflects about how she feels independent and grown up, yet her parents keep treating her like a baby and doing annoying things like reminding her to get ready for bed at 8:15pm.
- Both Anne and Margot feel that they’ve grown up very quickly since they’ve been in hiding, and their parents still haven’t caught on.
- Anne thinks everything would be fine if she had Peter. This clearly isn’t true, but she’s blinded by infatuation and hiding for her life, so we're not judging her.
Saturday, March 18, 1944
- This entry is all about sex. We’re serious. Check it out.
- Anne thinks parents are stupid for not just telling their kids all about sex at age twelve.
- She also thinks that it’s okay for a man to "bring a little experience to a marriage."
- Anne figured out about sex piecemeal through friends, books, and intuition. Yet, she still has unanswered questions that she’s curious about.
Sunday, March 19, 1944
- Anne decides to talk with Peter about why he is mad at her. He’s definitely mad because he has refused the sausage she brought for him.
- Turns out he didn’t refuse the sausage because he was mad. But how’s a girl supposed to know that?
- Anne and Peter talk about their disappointment in their parents and bond (yet again) on this topic.
- They open their hearts to each other even more. Some topics: the ways they deal with stress, what they thought of each other in 1942, loneliness, the inner self.
- Anne is very happy about the conversation.
Monday, March 20, 1944
- Peter invites Anne to join him in the evenings. He wants to talk and look at the moon (a likely excuse).
- Anne’s worried that Margot has a crush on Peter and that she’s hurting her sister by spending so much time with him.
- Margot gives Anne a letter saying she is quite happy for Peter and Anne. Margot wishes that she had a friend to confide in, but doesn’t think Peter would have been the person anyhow. Margot’s letter is very nice, and she seems so understanding.
- Anne responds with a letter that says she is unhappy that Margot doesn’t have anyone to share her feelings with. However, Anne hopes that Margot and Peter will develop a sisterly/brotherly affection for each other. She also tells Margot that she admires her… something that we weren’t so sure of before.
Wednesday, March 22, 1944
- Margot writes to Anne, encouraging her to enjoy her friendship with Peter. It’s very clear that Margot’s not interested in Peter romantically because she says she thinks of him kind of like a younger brother. And since Margot and Peter are the same age, that means she’s not attracted to him at all.
- Anne confides in Kitty that she thinks that they may have the makings of a great love in the Secret Annex, but she is not thinking of marrying Peter.
- She knows Peter loves her, but she’s not sure if he loves her like a sister or like a girlfriend.
- Anne thinks he is handsome now, in addition to being "sweet" and "beautiful." Can we trust her judgment when she thought he was so boring before?
- She writes back to Margot, saying she has to wait and see what happens between herself and Peter. If she and Peter decide to "be friends," she will be sure to tell him that Margot is also very fond of him.
Thursday, March 23, 1944
- An airplane crashes nearby and when the people in the plane parachute out, the Germans shoot at them.
- Anne has an exciting conversation with Peter. She asks him to fill her in on how sex actually works. He is happy to educate her on the matter.
- The next day Peter is mad and tells Anne that he heard her telling Margot about all the sex stuff he told her about. But really, Peter was mishearing, and Anne tries to assure him that she didn’t go telling or laughing at him behind his back.
Friday March 24, 1944
- Anne likes talking with Peter in the evenings because they can be more open with each other with the romantic dim lighting. (Although those aren’t quite her words.)
- Mrs. Frank is dying to know what the two of them talk about, and everyone else keeps teasing them.
- Anne starts writing about female genitalia and how she wants to know if Peter knows what women really look like.
- Anne gives us a detailed lesson on female anatomy.
Saturday March 25, 1944
- Anne again comments on how much she has grown up recently. She’s pretty much disillusioned by her parents.
- Anne talks about how she values honesty and how she wants to be truthful even when it’s not pleasant. She tells us about a disagreement that she had with Mrs. van Daan and how she told the woman to her face that she disagreed with her, and it all turned out okay.
- Anne’s hoping she’ll get to kiss Peter.
Monday, March 27, 1944
- Anne is sick of everyone fighting about politics. She thinks it’s a stupid thing to do because it just makes the dynamics in the Secret Annex even worse.
- The adults are constantly listening to news broadcasts throughout the day, which Anne thinks is excessive.
- Anne give an example of how ridiculous and boring the adults are by describing a Sunday evening that finds everybody gathered around the radio in what seems to be an intimate scene. But the news itself is anything but pleasant and the adults are all ready to start fighting about it.
Tuesday, March 28, 1944
- Anne is having a dilemma. Mrs. Frank forbids Anne to go upstairs so much because Mrs. van Daan is jealous. Anne’s dad says not to pay attention to Mrs. van Daan. So... what should Anne do?
- Anne’s mother thinks Peter is in love with Anne. Anne hopes so and wonders why two mothers have to get in the way. How will they surmount all the challenges to their relationship?
- Anne wants Peter’s cheek against hers. She goes on about this more than is necessary, but she is fourteen and falling in love, so we understand. But the cheek thing is a bit peculiar. Guess that’s how dating was done in the ‘40s?
- Peter likes Anne’s dimples and thinks she’s pretty.
Wednesday, March 29, 1944
- Anne hears a suggestion on the news that after the war, people will be quite interested in reading diaries of how people lived during the war. Anne thinks this is funny since she has been keeping a diary faithfully.
- She gets excited about the idea of publishing her journal and starts describing the kind of war events she thinks readers might be interested in.
- As the war gets worse, fewer Dutch people collaborate with the Germans, thankfully. The Dutch people are also definitely suffering. Everyone is hungry and there’s more crime and illness.
Friday, March 31, 1944
- More politics: Russians have reached the Polish border and Romania, and the Germans have now invaded Hungary.
- Annex gossip about Peter and Anne has died down and their friendship is going better than ever.
Saturday, April 1, 1944
- Anne longs to be kissed! (Sigh.) She hopes Peter loves her and wonders if he’s too shy to tell her.
Monday, April 3, 1944
- Anne writes about food and how food comes in cycles so you will eat nothing but endive and lettuce for a week. You eat it because you’re hungry. This all sounds very unappetizing. Apparently it isn’t a problem only in the Annex but all over Europe.
Tuesday, April 5, 1944
- Anne says that if the war isn’t over by the coming September, she’ll never go back to school because she doesn’t want to be so far behind everyone else. But then she decides to work hard at her schoolwork again so she can eventually be a journalist.
- She describes a crying episode. Or rather episodes when she can’t hold herself together when alone. It’s descriptions like these that remind you how much stress and fear Anne lives with every day.
- Anne has big dreams. She wants to be a writer, impact people, and be immortalized by her writing. Isn’t this sadly ironic? But also nice that her dream came true?
Thursday, April 6, 1944
- Anne lists her hobbies: writing, family trees, history, Greek and Roman mythology, movies and movie stars... plus a few others.
Tuesday, April 11, 1944
- Somebody tries to break into the office again and the men go downstairs to investigate. Stupidly, Mr. van Daan yells "police" trying to scare them away.
- A plank to the door of their secret hiding place gets busted by the intruder.
- Then a married couple comes along and shines a light inside and the men are turned from police to burglars.
- The men come upstairs to wait, assuming that the married couple will call the police.
- Finally they call Mr. Kleiman. Jan and Miep show up to fix the broken plank.
- Changes are made in everybody’s behavior. They can’t open any windows anymore or flush the toilet after 9:30pm.
- Everyone is concerned about whether the neighbors can be trusted.
- Mr. Kugler is mad that the men went downstairs at all, reminding them that they are Jews and their lives are at stake.
- Anne is more scared of death now. The burglary is a dose of reality and she’s hoping very much that she’ll live through the war.
Friday, April 14, 1944
- Everybody is strained and tense. But in Anne’s work, hope, love, and courage keep her going.
Saturday, April 15, 1944
- Peter forget to unbolt the door at night so Mr. Kugler and the workers can’t get in the next morning. Mr. Kugler is furious as he has to go around to the back and force open the kitchen window.
- The Secret Annex crew had also left some windows open and some outsiders might be starting to get suspicious. Mr. Kugler is really mad, and for good reason.
- The cats are getting sick.
- Fresh food is scarce.
Sunday, April 16, 1944
- Anne and Peter cuddle, which she describes, cheek caressing and all. Anne is psyched because their heads were touching for so long.
- Peter gives Anne her first kiss, although it doesn’t actually land on her lips.
Monday, April 17, 1944
- Anne wonders if she is acting morally to cuddle and kiss Peter without any intention of marrying him. We’re wondering if she’s actually even kissing him on the lips, but regardless, this seems to be a big deal for the 1940's.
- She wonders if she should talk to her father. And certainly, she thinks she and Peter should talk about it; she does not want simply the physical intimacy, but emotional intimacy as well.
Tuesday, April 18, 1944
- It’s amazing how innocent seventeen-year-old boys were back in the 1940's. Anne tells Peter about female anatomy and he has a few surprises. You have to read this entry. The humor is too good to dilute by summarizing it.
- Today they kiss "near the mouth."
- Anne hopes to start talking about intimate and important things, rather than just lying around in each other’s arms all the time. She really wants a deep relationship.
Wednesday, April 19, 1944
- This entry is short and puppy-lovey, focusing on holding Peter in her arms and never wanting to be interrupted.
Friday, April 21, 1944
- Anne had a sore throat, but is better now.
- Yesterday was Hitler’s birthday.
- She chats on about royalty.
- One of the warehouse workers, Mr. van Maaren, is probably the one who has been stealing stuff from the office, but he’s trying to blame it on Bep.
- Anne wants to get some of her fiction published in a magazine under a pseudonym.
Tuesday, April 25, 1944
- Mr. Dussel and Mr. van Daan aren’t speaking to each other. Basically Mr. Dussel is all sulky because of security measures. This guy doesn’t seem very in touch with reality and is managing to insult everyone in the Secret Annex.
- Anne is sick and getting her family sick. She’s worried Peter will get her cold, since he insists on continuing to kiss her.
Thursday, April 27, 1944
- Mrs. van Daan complains, as usual.
- Anne talks about the many things she learns and does in one single school day at home.
Friday, April 28, 1944
- Anne describes her two selves: one is outgoing and amusing, the other is shy and desperately wants to be loved.
- The second, more tender Anne came out while she was with Peter, but she’s not even sure if he noticed, which bothers her.
- They actually kiss on the lips, although it’s not clear if that was really the original plan.
- Anne thinks deep and hard about whether what she is doing with Peter is right. She feels utterly torn. She desires the closeness desperately but does not feel he would be the right man to marry, so is the intimacy of their relationship okay or not?
- Anne recognizes Peter’s weaknesses: he’s emotionally younger than his age, and lacks courage and character.
- Anne worries that she’s giving too much of herself to him too soon, and maybe she should be saving herself for Mr. Right, not Peter van Daan.
Tuesday, May 2, 1944
- Anne talks to her father about her relationship with Peter. He does not take it well, worried that she can’t have a normal teenage relationship considering the circumstances.
- Father tells Anne he would rather she didn’t go upstairs quite so often, and that it’s up to Anne, as the female in the relationship, to "set the limits."
- Like Anne, her father also sees Peter’s weakness of character.
- Anne and Peter discuss what Mr. Frank said, and Anne reassures Peter that she trusts him.
- Peter tells Anne’s dad that they’ll keep themselves under control in the relationship and not get too serious.
- Mr. Dussel finally apologizes for being so annoying and sulky recently. But since he does this the day before his birthday, we’re suspicious that he did it for the gifts.
Wednesday, May 3, 1944
- Boche, the cat, has disappeared and Anne is making up stories about what might have happened to him.
- Anne suggests that all people are guilty for a war like this, not just the big politicians and war-mongers. She thinks wars will continue until the average people no longer have an inner desire to kill.
- Anne likes the young woman she is turning out to be, and is making plans to be somebody, not just a housewife.
Friday, May 5, 1944
- Daddy is not pleased. He does not want Anne to go upstairs and "neck" with Peter.
- Anne writes her father a little letter about how her life has not been easy, shut up away as it has been, and she has had to learn to be very independent, without support from her parents. They have not, and do not, help her through her difficulties, so she has had to become older than she really is.
- So now that he wants her to be obedient and stop seeing Peter, she feels she should make her own decisions. Either he forbids or he trusts her: there’s no middle ground.
Saturday, May 6, 1944
- Anne puts the letter in her father’s pocket. According to Margot, he’s pretty upset by it.
- Everything costs so much more money than it used to—Anne lists some increased prices—and life is so much more dangerous. Girls are disappearing every day.
Sunday morning, May 7, 1944
- Anne and her dad finally talk about the letter and they both cry.
- He reproaches Anne about her letter, saying he and her mom do not deserve to be criticized so harshly since they have always protected and cared for her.
- Anne feels terrible and repents having written it, but really only regrets criticizing her father; she can’t take back what she wrote about her mom.
- She decides to try to start over and be a better person, and feels she can do it with Peter’s support.
Monday, May 8, 1944
- Anne discusses the irony of how rich her family was—both her parents grew up with a lot of wealth—compared with how they live now, with not even enough to eat.
- Anne doesn’t believe she needs to be rich, but does want to study in London and Paris, have beautiful clothes, and live a life of adventure.
- Miep tells Anne and Margot about a party she went to at a rich cousin’s house and about all of the delicious food. The sisters are really hungry and can’t stop thinking about the fancy feast Miep enjoyed.
Tuesday, May 9, 1944
- The inhabitants of the Secret Annex learn that they will be restricted from doing anything during the lunch hour because Mrs. B, who used to be demonstrator for the business, wants to eat her box lunch in the office at 2pm every afternoon.
- This also means that they can’t get supplies and potatoes from Bep during the lunch hour.
- The group jokes about getting rid of Mrs. B by slipping her a laxative.
- Anne notes Mr. Dussel’s bathroom use schedule. He seems to go very predictably at the same times every day.
Wednesday, May 10, 1944
- A little bit more humor in Anne’s gloomy life: The cat pees and misses the litter box. It leaks through the floor and down next to the potatoes. Anne is in hysterics.
Thursday, May 11, 1944
- Peter gets a major scolding for being more than a pest to his mom. Probably isn’t a good idea to hit your mom...
Thursday, May 11, 1944 (second entry)
- Anne is really busy with schoolwork, doing things like reading a biography of Galileo. She’s so busy she has to neglect her "work" (a.k.a. mythology studying).
- Anne wants to publish a book called The Secret Annex and is sure that her diary with be a big help in the eventual writing of the book.
- Anne is writing a work of fiction that she claims is based on her father’s life.
Saturday, May 13, 1944
- Pim’s birthday was yesterday and everyone tried to spoil him.
Tuesday, May 16, 1944
- The van Daans have an argument about who will win the war—the Germans or the Allies. Mrs. van Daan thinks that Germans could win, which makes her husband mad. They’re incredible bickerers.
- The Franks can’t resist laughing at the van Daans’ silly arguments.
- Anne does a survey about what kinds of books and subjects each member of the Secret Annex prefers.
Friday, May 19, 1944
- All is well between Anne and Peter. He seems kind of needy and affection-starved.
- Anne decides she will not reveal her inner self to him unless he works for it. Now that she’s conquered him, she takes a step back.
Saturday, May 20, 1944
- Anne’s entire portfolio of work is soaked when a vase is tipped over, though most of it is recoverable. Her math book, unfortunately, is also recoverable.
Monday, May 22, 1944
- The British invasion of Holland hasn’t happened yet, so Mr. Frank loses his bet with Mr. van Daan.
- Anne thinks it’s a bit foolish that the Dutch people think it’s the duty of the English to liberate Holland. Anne points out that the first priority of the English is to protect their own people.
- More Dutch people are beginning to express anti-Semitism and Anne hopes that the good, righteous Dutch people will prevail over the racists.
Thursday, May 25, 1944
- Bep just got engaged, which Anne thinks is a bad idea. She thinks Bep’s fiancé will hold Bep back from her dreams.
- More bad news. The vegetable man is picked up by the police for hiding two…(Go to the next entry.)
Thursday, May 25, 1944 (second entry)
- … Jews in his house. This is a big personal loss as well, as the girls (Bep and Miep) can’t haul potatoes that far.
Friday, May 26, 1944
- Anne begins to despair. Will life ever be normal again? Will the war end? Will they make it until the war ends?
- Anne briefly mentions how much responsibility and tension their protectors carry.
- The plumbing is broken.
- Miep is all stressed because she’s worried that the Secret Annex crew thinks the protectors are anti-Semitic. Mr. Franks is astonished and tries to talk her out of the idea.
- Anne wonders if it would have been better not to go into hiding and just be dead right now instead of suffering so much.
Wednesday, May 31, 1944
- Anne finally resorts to discussing the weather—but in truth, the heat makes everybody inside and outside the Secret Annex miserable.
Monday, June 5, 1944
- The cat has decided to stop using the litter box and the whole Annex reeks.
Monday, June 5, 1944 (second entry)
- Bad news in the Secret Annex: a falling out between the Franks and Mr. Dussel over the butter, Mrs. van Daan flirting heavily with Mr. Dussel, very little food available, and Mr. Dussel is holding back more of his stashed goods.
Tuesday, June 6, 1944
- D-Day! The invasion has begun. The British are invading France.
- The Secret Annex listens to a lot of radio, including a speech by Eisenhower.
- Anne is so excited and wonders if 1944 will bring an end to the war.
- The invasion seems to be going well, and Anne gives some interesting details about the number of planes in use and how many tons of bombs are being dropped.
Friday, June 9, 1944
- Good news from the Allied front. However, the war will probably not be over until the end of the year.
- Everybody in the Annex reads a biography of the composer Franz Liszt. Anne describes him as a fine man, but "exceptionally vain."
Tuesday, June 13, 1944
- Anne turns fifteen. She receives an art history book, a set of underwear, a handkerchief, two bottles of yogurt, a pot of jam, a spiced gingerbread cake, a book on botany, a bracelet, exercise books, sweet peas, three slices of full-cream cheese… The riches are stupendous given that just a couple months earlier she was eating rotten lettuce and endives.
- The invasion is going well, with the Allied forces having captured many French towns.
- Anne again points out how foolish the Dutch people are for thinking the English are lazy because they have not yet liberated Holland.
- Anne reviews her faults and wonders if she is as arrogant as people think. She’s determined to change and tries to refute her accusers’ arguments against her character. She takes criticism very deeply to heart.
- Anne thinks Peter loves her as a friend, not as a girlfriend. She feels like he isn’t sharing his whole self with her and can’t understand why he’s holding back.
- Anne is aching to be outdoors and in nature. She feels that nature is rejuvenating and restores her courage.
- Anne is an early feminist. She’s wondering why women have always been considered inferior to men, and why women have gone along with it for so long. She’s angry that her culture values the suffering of male soldiers, but not the pain of women who bear children for the continuation of the human race.
Wednesday, June 16, 1944
- Mrs. van Daan has totally freaked out. She’s talking about lots of morbid stuff, like getting shot. She quarrels, cusses, and cries. And it makes everybody else rude or morose.
- She’s also totally jealous of Peter’s affection for Anne.
- Mr. Kugler has received another call-up for doing forced work by the Germans, but he is trying to get out of it.
Friday, June 23, 1944
- Anne herself says, "nothing special going on here."
Tuesday, June 27, 1944
- Everything is wonderful. The Allies have recaptured and liberated a lot of land. Everyone is just waiting for them to reach Holland.
- German women not in military service are being evacuated.
Friday, June 30, 1944
- Bad weather.
- Tempers are improving, although the van Daans seem to be snagging sugar.
- Bep has changed her hairstyle and Miep has the week off.
- Mr. Dussel is doing a root canal on Anne, who almost passes out from the pain of the procedure.
Thursday, July 6, 1944
- Anne despairs of Peter’s weak character. Why can’t he improve himself? He’s always looking for the easy way out.
- Peter is starting to depend on Anne too much, which she doesn’t like at all.
- She doesn’t understand Peter. He is lazy. Why doesn’t he like to work or make goals for himself? Like tons of women before her and tons of women after her, Anne wonders, what’s wrong with him?
- Peter isn’t religious and even ridicules it. This bothers Anne as well. She isn’t extremely religious, but values religion because it encourages people to live a better life.
Saturday, July 8, 1944
- They receive tons of strawberries so they are making jam.
- There’s a slight scare of another break-in, but it comes to nothing.
- They receive tons of green peas, too—a real gift, but it will be a lot of work.
Saturday, July 15, 1944
- Anne reads the book What Do You Think of the Modern Young Girl? She then discusses her opinion of the modern young girl. She feels that the writer was attacking youth and wishes to defend herself and her kind from the charges laid against them.
- Anne says that one of her best qualities is that she is very self-aware. This seems like a pretty true statement based on reading her diary.
- Anne again looks at how she has been raised. She thinks that her family didn’t take her seriously and blew her off with generic parent lingo like "you’ll grow out of it."
- Anne comes to the conclusion that she conquered Peter and that she ought not to have allowed their intimacy.
- She wonders if their lack of emotional closeness is because of his shyness or just because he’s actually more shallow than she thought.
- Anne can’t see a way to go back to just being casual friends with Peter, which is what she wants. He leans on her too much now.
- She is surprised she hasn’t lost all her ideals and faith in justice, given her situation.
Friday, July 21, 1944
- Good news: somebody has tried to kill Hitler. Unfortunately, Hitler managed to get away with just a few scratches and burns. But it shows that a lot of generals and officers are sick of the war, too. Maybe it’ll make the war end sooner.
- Hitler lets his army know that they may shoot anybody who was involved in this attempt on his life… without a trial.
Tuesday, August 1, 1944
- Anne reflects on the fact that her personality is a "bundle of contradictions." She is a dual personality but she never shows the nicer, softer, gentler inside Anne to people—they only see the frolicsome, flirty, easy-going outside Anne.
- She says that when she tries to show her more quiet and serious side, everyone thinks she’s either in a sour mood or sick and pumps her full of medicine.
- This is the last entry of Anne’s diary.
- An editorial note informs us that on August 4, 1944, the police raided the Secret Annex.
- Anne and her family, along with all the other occupants, were taken away and sent to concentration camps.
- Mr. Kugler and Mr. Kleiman were arrested, although not Miep or Bep.
- Mr. van Daan died in a gas chamber in Auschwitz.
- Mrs. van Daan was transferred through a bunch of concentration camps and never made it out alive.
- Peter van Daan died during the German evacuation of Auschwitz to Mauthausen.
- Mr. Dussel died in a concentration camp called Neuengamme.
- Mrs. Frank starved to death in Auschwitz-Birkenau.
- Anne and Margot died from typhus at Bergen-Belsen camp within a few days of each other, only about two months before the camp was liberated.
- Otto Frank was the only one to make it out alive. He remarried about ten years later to another concentration camp survivor.