Study Guide

Franny and Zooey What's Up With the Title?

By J.D. Salinger

What's Up With the Title?

Salinger originally published two separate stories – "Franny" in 1955 and "Zooey" in 1957. Each story is named for its protagonist. (See "Character Roles" for a discussion of who is protagonist and why.) The two stories were combined as the novel Franny and Zooey in 1961. From one perspective, the title is just the two stories put together: it is "Franny" and "Zooey." But the composite novel is also very much Franny and Zooey: one continuous story of this brother and sister pair. The tone and style of the novel is consistent, as is the continuation of the plot – Franny begins her crisis in "Franny" and resolves it in "Zooey."

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