Study Guide

The Hunchback of Notre-Dame Allusions

By Victor Hugo


Literary and Philosophical References

  • Beelzebub (VI.III.2, VIII.II.36)
  • Dædalus (V.I.82)
  • Hermes (V.I.81)
  • Iliad(V.II.16, V.II.38)
  • Orpheus (V.I.81, V.II.22)
  • Pierre Corneille, The Cid (I.II.65)
  • Scylla and Charybdis (II.I)
  • The Tower of Babel (II.VI.17, III.I.20, V.II.41, IX.I.17)
  • Voltaire, Candide (III.II.33)

Historical References

  • French Revolution (II.II.6, X.V.237)
  • Guillaume de Paris/William of Paris (IV.V.4, V.I.82, VII.VI.5)
  • Hundred Years' War (IV.I.30)
  • Louis XI (a character in the novel)
  • Martin Luther (V.II.31)
  • Michelangelo (V.II.32)
  • Nicholas Flamel (IV.V.4, V.I.82)
  • Olivier le Daim (IV.III.1, X.V.213, XI.IV.8)