Study Guide

Lysistrata Allusions

By Aristophanes

Allusions

Literary and Philosophical References

  • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes (187-189)
  • Euripides (283, 368-369), Andromache (155-156)
  • Homer, Iliad (520)
  • Aesop, Fable 3 (695)

Historical References

  • King Cleomenes of Sparta's occupation of the Acropolis (273/4-280)
  • The Battle of Marathon (285)
  • The Athenian fleet at Samos (313)
  • The Spartan-Athenian Peace Treaty of 421, and later modifications to it (513-514)
  • The expulsion of Hippias, the Athenian tyrant (618/9, 665, 1149-1156)
  • Harmodius and Aristogiton (633)
  • Artemisia, Queen of Halicarnassus (675)
  • The earthquake of 464 BCE and Messenian Revolt (1138-1146)
  • Destruction of the Athenian herms (1074)
  • The Battle of Artemisium (1251-1253)
  • The Battle of Thermopylae, a.k.a. the last stand of the Spartan 300 (1254-1261)

Pop Culture References

(The pop culture references in Lysistrata refer to the pop culture of 5th-century BCE Athens.)

  • Eels from Boeotia, a popular delicacy (35-36)
  • Milesian dildos, a hot commodity in Athens (108-110)
  • Lycon's notorious wife (270)
  • Bupalus the crummy sculptor (361)
  • Worship of Sabazios and Adonis, popular among women and slaves (387-398)
  • Timon of Athens, the misanthrope (808/9)
  • Nasty perfume from Rhodes (944)
  • Philostratus, a.k.a. "Fox Dog" (Kunalopex), famous Athenian pimp (957)