Study Guide

Notes from the Underground Hate

By Fyodor Dostoevsky


"I am a sick man… I am a spiteful man. I am an unattractive man." These are the opening words of Notes from the Underground, and indeed the Underground Man lives in a constant state of misdirected and paralyzing spite. His plight, he explains, is worsened by the fact that an intelligent man of consciousness cannot alleviate his spite through revenge; he is so conscious and so intelligent that he raises doubt after doubt until he is paralyzed in inaction. So instead, the Underground Man harbors his spite underground – even for the most trivial offenses – for decades.

Questions About Hate

  1. The Underground Man claims that spite is all the worse when you can't direct it at a given person. Is this true? Does having an enemy actually lessen one's hatred?
  2. When he explains the difference between a normal man and a spiteful man like himself, why does the Underground Man use a mouse to depict the man of acute-consciousness?
  3. The Underground Man seems to hate everyone and everything. What is the origin of all this spite?

Chew on This

The Underground Man hates himself more than he hates other men. His isolation underground, then, has less to do with an aversion to humanity and more to do with his attempt to take revenge on his own character.

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