Study Guide

In the Penal Colony Three Act Plot Analysis

By Franz Kafka

Three Act Plot Analysis

Act I

We meet the four characters on the outskirts of the penal colony, preparing for the execution of the condemned man. The officer gives the background on the machine, and manages to catch the explorer's interest. The explorer learns how the condemned man was "judged," and begins to become uneasy with the colony's way of doing justice.

Act II

The more the explorer hears, the more uneasy he becomes. The condemned man is put in the machine, making the explorer feel as if he needs to reach a decision. Finally he's put on the spot when the officer tells him about the decline of the procedure and asks for his help. The explorer tells the officer no.

Act III

The officer realizes that it's all over, frees the condemned man, and decides to put himself in the machine. But everything goes wrong, and he's killed quickly and nastily. The explorer, greatly affected, sees the grave of the commandant and leaves the colony with haste.