After a quick visit to Father Chélan, Julien returns to the de Rênals' house. He goes into the garden and sits with Madame de Rênal and her cousin, Madame Dervilles.
Monsieur de Rênal comes to sit with them and talks angrily about politics. When he's not looking, Julien kisses Madame de Rênal's arm.
After her husband has left, Madame de Rênal feels overcome with passion. But she's also scared that she's on the road to becoming an adulteress. She's also scared that Julien still loves another woman.
She decides to treat Julien with total coldness the next time she sees him.