Study Guide

The Scarlet Letter Three Act Plot Analysis

By Nathaniel Hawthorne

Three Act Plot Analysis

Act I

Shame, Shame, Shame

Hester is publicly shamed for her sin but refuses to name her partner-in-crime. Her long-lost husband returns, discovers her adultery, and, not content with having his wife shunned and ostracized for the rest of her life, starts plotting his revenge.

Act II

Run, Run, Run

Roger Chillingworth is possessed by his need for vengeance, and Reverend Dimmesdale grows steadily weaker as a result of his guilt. You know, kind of like Chillingworth is a guilt-vampire and Dimmesdale is his victim. Hester, meanwhile, manages to raise her child, support herself, and stay charitable while all the mean girls in town are gossiping about her behind her back.

Eventually the stress gets to be too much, and Hester decides to mix things up by revealing the truth to Dimmesdale and basically asking him to run away with her. You go, girl!

Act III

Die, Die, Die

Dimmesdale finally confesses (publicly, natch), collapses, and dies. Roger Chillingworth dies soon after, since guilt-vampires die without guilt to feed on.

Hester and Pearl escape Puritan life thanks to Chillingworth's fortune, which he leaves to Pearl, and go to the Old World, i.e., Europe. But eventually, Hester returns to the scene of her crime—er, passion and triumph: the Massachusetts Bay Colony.