The Outsiders is what's known in fancy literary circles as a Bildungsroman, a German term that literally translates to "novel of education" (Source). This usually refers to the main character's journey toward self-discovery, and discovery of his or her place in society. Ponyboy Curtis, our protagonist, definitely fits this bill.
The novel also examines inequities in educational opportunities due to social and economic factors. Both of Ponyboy's older brothers have had to limit their educations in order to work and support their family. But it's not all bad. Ponyboy's English teacher, Mr. Syme, doesn't see things in "Greaser" vs. "Social." He recognizes Pony's talent and takes into account all the trauma his student has been subjected to and how this might impact his performance in school.
Questions About Education
- Pony gets good grades, but he thinks it's easier for Socials to do the same. Do you agree with him? Why or why not? Do teachers treat Greasers different than Socials? Since we don't get to see inside a classroom in the book, consider your own experiences in school. Does one's outside-of-school environment have anything to do with school success?
- Does Pony feel like it's his fault that Darry can't go to college? Why or why not?
- Why does Ponyboy have trouble writing for his English class after Dallas and Johnny die?
- What are a few things Pony learns about himself? What are some things he learns about others? What is the most important thing Pony learns, and why is it important?
Chew on This
In The Outsiders, Hinton works hard to show that even though lower-income people might be less educated than their wealthier counterparts, it doesn't mean they're less smart.
In The Outsiders, it is mainly through the tools provided by education that Ponyboy is able to break down boundaries and connect with others.