Study Guide

The Stranger Religion

By Albert Camus


According to Absurdism, religion is constructed by man in an attempt to create meaning to a senseless existence. Acceptance of religion (and of the possibility of an afterlife) would mean that man effectively escapes death. Absurdists think this is a super-destructive belief, because only the realization and acceptance of impending death allows man to live to his fullest. 

The Stranger's "hero" directly accuses a chaplain of "living like a dead man." Yowch. He challenges the social construct of religion even before his own death, refusing to "waste any last minutes on God."

Questions About Religion

  1. The chaplain’s actions are understandable—as a holy man, it is his job to convert; but why is the magistrate so intent on proselytizing Meursault?
  2. What does the magistrate mean when he calls Meursault an "antichrist"? Does this have more to do with the fact that Meursault is unfeeling, or the fact that he is an atheist?
  3. For what purposes do the French Algerians (besides Meursault) use religion? Why does Meursault reject it?
  4. Why does Meursault flip out and choke the chaplain while in jail? How does this run-in with the chaplain spur his later epiphany regarding life and death?

Chew on This

In the world depicted by Meursault, religion is the single most harmful social construct.

Meursault doesn’t see religion as inherently harmful, but does reject its use by men like the chaplain and the magistrate.