Race plays an enormous role in The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle since Zachariah, one of the book's most significant characters, is black. Zachariah's race, he tells us many times, is one of the reasons he finds such a connection with Charlotte. Zachariah is an older black man and Charlotte is a young girl: thus they're both outcasts on the society of the boat. Also, though the book doesn't include any slaves or slaveholders, many of its scenes suggest that we should at least have that topic on our mind. For example, the images employed to describe Zachariah's whipping by Mr. Hollybrass and the captain (Chapter 11) should immediately make us think of depictions of slavery we've seen before. We thus align the captain with a tyrannical slave master – and begin to see the larger implications of his cruelty.
Questions About Race
Charlotte initially objects to being friends with Zachariah because she claims he's her inferior. She changes her mind, of course, but why does she initially believe this?
Why does Zachariah always compare himself to Charlotte? What's the relationship between race and gender at that time, and now?
How would the novel have been different if written from Zachariah's point of view? Could it have been written from Zachariah's point of view?
How does Zachariah see himself in terms of race? Why is it important to Zachariah that he was never a slave?
Though Zachariah is a free man, why does Charlotte fear that he still wouldn't receive a fair trial in America? Is this an example of institutional racism?
Chew on This
The alliance between Charlotte and Zachariah suggests that sexism and racism are more similar than dissimilar.
Though he's a free man, Zachariah's race still prevents him from receiving a fair trial.