Study Guide

Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West Good vs. Evil

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Good vs. Evil

Good vs. evil really is the ultimate (and original) theme of Wicked. But the twist is that the theme doesn't focus on a showdown between a hero and a super-villain. Rather, the focus is on good and evil residing within the same person (which Nietzsche would probably approve of). No one is simply good or evil here. Not surprisingly, evil often trumps good in the book. Or at least a philosophical concern with evil gets the spotlight more often than any musings on goodness. The book is about a Witch after all.

Ultimately, neither good nor evil is clearly defined or clearly separated here, which may be precisely the point. If the people and places of Wicked are not black and white, why should huge concepts like good and evil be anything other than hard to grasp and gray? Goodness is seen as something elusive or hard to find, while evil is depicted as much more complex than a cackling green witch in a pointy black hat. In the end, evil may be nothing more than the absence of something else: awareness, constraint, goodness. Goodness requires intent and consciousness, but evil can be done subconsciously and even unwillingly; it's a sort of default setting in people, witches or not.

Questions About Good vs. Evil

  1. How is evil more a matter of perception than fact in the novel?
  2. Is Elphaba evil, or is she more a victim of circumstance? Are the two mutually exclusive?
  3. Are any characters really good or evil here, or is everyone a mixture?
  4. Does Glinda the Good Witch ever fully live up to her name?
  5. How might "wicked" be different from "evil"? Does the book use the two words as synonyms, or is there a distinction?

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