Study Guide

# Basic Geometry - Basic Shapes

## Basic Shapes

This is where it all begins: basic shapes, lines, and angles.

Read on and let us take you on a magical geometry tour...

 Name Description Example Point A single location.Usually drawn as a dot.It is "dimensionless".Labeled as Point P. You used these when playing Connect the Dots. Line A straight path passing through at least two points.Extends in both directions forever.Labeled as Think of this as a highway that never ends. Line Segment A portion of a line.It has limits at each end.Labeled as When writing the length of  leave off the line like this: CD = lengthYou've drawn these since you were 1½! Ray A straight path with one terminal point and extending indefinitely in the other direction.Labeled as (Make sure to start with the terminal point and extend past the other point.)Picture the sun as a terminal point and its rays extending indefinitely into space. Plane A flat surface without boundaries.Labeled by naming three nonlinear points on the plane, Plane GHI.It's like a piece of paper that extends in every direction forever. Parallel Lines Lines that lie on the same plane and never intersect.Labeled as Look at a piece of lined paper. All the horizontal lines are parallel to each other. Perpendicular Lines Lines that intersect at a 90° angle.Labeled as On that same lined paper, the vertical margin lines are perpendicular to the horizontal lines you write on.

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