Study Guide

Frigg

  • Profile

    As the wife of Odin, Frigg is the highest-ranking female in Asgard, and she’s got the lifestyle to prove it: eleven maidservants who cater to her every demand, an open invitation to sit in Odin’s magic throne, Hildskjalf, and her very own hall, Fensalir.

    Frigg is the goddess of marriage, motherhood, fertility, love, and of what the Norse considered “women’s work,” like household management, spinning, and weaving.

    People sometimes mix up Frigg and Freya because they’re associated with a lot of the same things, like love and fertility, and both possess magical abilities. But in the Norse tradition, they’re totally different goddesses. If you're looking for some way to remember Frigg, think about this tender moment: she attempts to protect her favorite son, Balder, by forcing every living thing in the world to take an oath never to hurt him. Now that's love.

    Basic Information

    Name

    Frigg

    Nickname

    Queenie, Beloved Lady (Old Saxon Fri), and, not to brag, but some people call me “foremost among the goddesses” (love you, Snorri!)

    Sex

    Female (and proud of it)

    Current city

    Asgard

    Work & Education

    Occupation

    Queen of the Gods
    Goddess of Marriage, Fertility and Love
    Goddess of Motherhood
    Goddess of the Feminine Arts (household management, i.e. bossing around servants and planning awesome parties; weaving; spinning)
    Mother and wife (sweet, I know)

    Education

    Asgard Academy of Prophecy

    Beliefs

    Political views

    Everyone should obey Odin. And me. Oh, and look out for Balder.

    Family & Friends (& Enemies)

    Parents

    Fjörgynn and an unknown mother

    Siblings

    Nopers.

    Children

    My beautiful boy, Balder.
    I’m also a stepmother to many, many children: Thor, Hod, Hermod, Heimdall, Tyr, Vidar, Vali, and Skjoldr.

    Friends

    The goddess Eir, and my eleven maidservants, but especially Hlín, Gná, and Fulla.

    Enemies

    Loki, who killed my beautiful boy.
    Þökk, the giantess who refused to weep for Balder. Although, she might have been Loki in disguise.

    Relationships

    Relationship status

    Married to Odin
    Lover to Vili and Vé
    It’s complicated with Mith-othin

    Interested in

    Men

    Favorites

    TV Shows

    A Game of Thrones
    Trading Spaces
    Come Dine with Me

    Quotations

    “It’s not beauty but fine qualities, my girl, that keep a husband.”
    – Euripides

    “We sleep, but the loom of life never stops, and the pattern which was weaving when the sun went down is weaving when it comes up in the morning.”
    – Henry Ward Beecher

    “Sometimes the strength of motherhood is greater than natural laws.”
    – Barbara Kingsolver

    “Grief can’t be shared. Everyone carries it alone, his own burden in his own way.”
    – Anne Morrow Lindbergh

    Books

    An Ideal Husband by Oscar Wilde
    Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert
    The Winter’s Tale by William Shakespeare
    Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy
    A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen
    Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf
    The Help by Kathryn Stockett
    The Life of Elizabeth I by Alison Weir
    Better Homes and Gardens magazine
    Martha Stewart Living

    Music

    Mother’s Little Helper by the Rolling Stones
    Tears in Heaven by Eric Clapton
    Sleeping Sun by Nightwish
    Paparazzi by Lady Gaga
    Respect by Aretha Franklin
    I’m Coming Out by Diana Ross
    Anything by Jennifer Lopez
    Umbrella by Rihanna

    Movies

    The Young Victoria
    The Queen
    Elizabeth
    Revolutionary Road
    Gosford Park
    All About Eve
    The Lion in Winter
    Agora

    Activities & Interests

    Likes

    Dinner Parties
    Children
    Births
    Weddings
    Spinning Wheels, Sewing Needles, Thread, Looms

    Interests

    Spinning and Weaving
    Obstetrics
    Party planning
    Household management

    Groups

    Goddesses of Asgard
    Supreme Queens of the World
    Loss and Grief Support Group

    • Spotter's Guide

      (Middle school level)

      Frigg can often be spotted wandering the halls of her very own digs, Fensalir. She may be accompanied by twelve ladies-in-waiting. Don’t see any throngs of women? Just look for the regal-looking lady wearing an enormous set of keys on her belt and carrying a distaff, a tool used in spinning to hold the finished threads. Sadly, she may be crying tears of gold over the death of her son, Balder.

      Sex: Female
      Age: A lady doesn’t tell!
      Build: Imposing
      Complexion: Fair
      Hair Color: Probably blonde, definitely long
      Facial Hair: Not a chance
      Scars/marks/tattoos: No way! Tattoos would not be proper for a lady.
      Jewelry and accessories: Household keys, distaff, and all the jewelry befitting the queen of Asgard.
      Clothing: A falcon-feather dress that looks a lot like Freyja’s. Otherwise, the attire of a proper medieval Scandinavian lady.
      Armor: None
      Type of Weapon: Womanly wiles and an ability to see the future.

      Typical Companions:

      Fulla, her most trusted maidservant and official caretaker of the royal shoes
      Gná, another maidservant and her well-mounted messenger
      Hlín, a maid.
      Nine other ladies-in-waiting
      Eir, a goddess of the healing arts and one of her dearest friends
      Her husband, Odin

      Known Hangouts:

      Frigg has a lot on her plate managing not one, but three royal households: her own digs (Fensalir) and her husband’s official residences (Valhalla and Valaskialf). She doesn’t often wander far from these halls, although she has been known to head to a thing – an official gathering of her community’s leaders – especially when official business involves her son, Balder. Since her hall, Fensalir, is in the marshes, medieval Scandinavian women feel especially close to Frigg in the wetlands, and worship her there. So if you can’t make it to Asgard, you might try looking for her in a swamp.

    • Sightings

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Historia Langobardum

      In the History of the Langobards by Paul the Deacon, Odin and Frigg disagree over which tribe to favor in the Winnili/Vandal war. Tricky girl that she is, Frigg manages to trick Odin into choosing the Winnili. Here's how she does it: Odin has sworn that he’ll favor whichever tribe he sees upon first waking up one morning; clever Frigg turns the bed so that he sees the Winnili first. Done and done.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Gesta Danorum

      In the Deeds of the Danes by Saxo Grammaticus, we see some Northern kings create a golden statue of Odin. Frigg is so jealous of it that she sleeps with a servant who agrees to destroy the statue for her. Odin is pretty insulted, so he leaves in a huff for a few decades, and Frigg takes up with a guy named Mith-othin, who helps her take control of Odin’s properties.

      Dec 20, 2019

      Ynglinga Saga

      In Snorri Sturluson’s account of the history of the kings of Norway and Sweden, the Norse gods are the ancestors of the human kings. Frigg doesn’t come off too well in this story: she sleeps with Odin’s brothers, Vili and Vé, after Odin has been off for a while. Not cool, Friggster.

      Dec 20, 1962 - Dec 20, 2019

      Thor

      When Thor becomes a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe, his stepmom, Frigga, comes along for the ride. She plays the same protective role to Balder that she does in the mythology, here casting spells to protect him from harm.

      Dec 20, 2019

      The Superhero Squad Show

      In this parody of the Marvel comics universe on the Cartoon Network, Frigg (here called “Frigga”) shows up in two episodes. In one, she’s concerned that Thor doesn’t have a girlfriend (oh my); in another, she must find a way to get Odin back when a magic spell makes him fall in love with another woman.

      Dec 20, 2019

      Thor (the movie)

      Rene Russo plays Frigga in the feature film version of the Marvel comic.