Study Guide

Mut

  • Profile

    Mut would have been at the butt of all "your mama" jokes. Why? Because Mut (pronounced moot, the ancient Egyptian word for "mother") is a mother goddess. But she's got plenty of other stuff going for her, too. She's the super-sexy wife of Amun-Ra, the king of the gods, and she wears the double crown of a pharaoh, ruling over Egypt. Make Mut mad, and she might join forces with Sekhmet to kick you into the next universe. Watch out.

    Basic Information

    Name

    Mut (sometimes spelled Muth, Maut, or Mout)

    Nickname

    Queen of the Gods, Mistress of the Crowns, Lady of the Two Lands, Mother of the World, Boss Lady, She Who Must Be Obeyed, Eye of Ra

    Sex

    Female

    Current city

    Waset (Thebes) (in modern Luxor)

    Work & Education

    Occupation

    Queen

    Education

    The Theban School for Royal Ladies

    Beliefs

    Political views

    I rule (with my husband, of course)

    Family & Friends (& Enemies)

    Parents

    Like my husband Amun-Ra, I created myself

    Siblings

    None

    Children

    Khonsu (son), Montu (adopted son)

    Friends

    Wadjet, Nekhbet, Bast, Sekhmet, Hathor, Isis 

    Enemies

    The Nine Bows (countries around Egypt that try to invade from time to time)

    Relationships

    Relationship status

    Married to Amun-Ra

    Interested in

    Men

    Favorites

    TV Shows

    How could I not enjoy the ladies of Downton Abbey?
    A Game of Thrones
    Isis and I like to imagine how history would be different if we'd had dragons in ancient Egypt.
    How I Met Your Mother
    It's good to have a little humor in the palace.
    Once Upon a Time
    Not all queens are evil!

    Quotations

    "I'm a godmother. That's a great thing to be, a godmother. She calls me 'god' for short. That's cute. I taught her that."
    – Ellen DeGeneres

    "A mother is not a person to lean on, but a person to make leaning unnecessary."
    – Dorothy C. Fisher

    "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
    – Abraham Lincoln

    "Keep Calm and Carry On"
    – from a British World War II poster, 1939

    "When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die. There is no middle ground."
    – Cersei Lannister, in George R. R. Martin's Game of Thrones

    Books

    The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli
    I'm not sure whether to laugh or roll my eyes at his political advice.
    I am very fond of Shakespeare. We didn't have plays like this in ancient Egypt. My favorite is Twelfth Night.
    The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier
    Good for Jerry for sticking up for himself.
    Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë
    Thankfully, Amun-Ra is much nicer than Heathcliff!
    Like many readers, I adore the Lord of the Rings series by J.R.R. Tolkien. The last book, The Return of the King, is the best one.
    The Queen's Diamonds by Hugh Roberts
    I love the tiara look. Does she have anything in a diamond vulture headdress?
    The Great Goddesses of Egypt by Barbara S. Lesko
    I have my very own chapter! Great read.
    Amenhotep III: Egypt's Radiant Pharaoh by Arielle P. Kozloff
    This wonderful pharaoh dedicated a huge temple and many lioness statues to me. We were so happy during his reign.
    Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World by Margaret Thatcher
    Hard words from the Iron Lady.

    Music

    Mississippi Queen by Mountain
    You know what I mean.
    What's Love Got to Do With It by Tina Turner
    She reminds me so much of Hatshepsut! And an incredible voice.
    Is there anything more beautiful than Etta James's voice?
    Dancing Queen by ABBA
    See that girl, watch that scene….
    Killer Queen by Queen
    I want a laser beam!
    Diva by Beyonce
    Beautiful, powerful, talented at dancing. I love this girl.

    Movies

    Dune
    Politics. Powerful women. Sting, in his underwear.
    Rise of the Guardians
    We protect the children of the world.
    I could watch Les Miserables all day. And I have!
    The Fifth Element
    A perfect being—not me, but close!
    The Great Gatsby
    Ah, the cinematography.
    When Isis and Hathor and I get together, we watch chick flicks. Our favorite is The Notebook.
    The Princess Bride
    The best kind of fairy tale.

    Activities & Interests

    Likes

    Quiet walks with Amun-Ra
    Smiles
    Vultures
    Sunrise
    People who can sing

    Interests

    Royal genealogy
    Military history
    Yoga
    Foreign relations
    Child development

    Groups

    Ancient Egyptian Gods
    Egyptian Mythology
    Moms Only
    Queen

    • Spotter's Guide

      Anywhere Mut goes, she turns heads. We're not sure if it's because she has a vulture on her head (it's just a headdress, but still) or the amount of amazing bling she's wearing. Or, you know, the fact that she's drop dead gorgeous. But we know you'll know her when you see her.

      Sex: Female
      Age: Adult
      Build: Slender (human form). She can also appear as a vulture, a cow, a cobra, or a cat.
      Complexion: Light yellow skin (like other Egyptian goddesses and women in paintings)
      Hair Color: Black hair or a wig that can be black, gold, or lapis blue
      Facial Hair: none
      Scars/marks/tattoos: none
      Jewelry and accessories: Lots of jewelry, an incredible golden crown that looks like a vulture, or a tiara with lots of golden cobras attached. At work, Mut wears the same double crown (red and white) that pharaohs wear.
      Clothing: A tight fitting dress, usually blue or red. Sometimes it has white vulture's wings attached to it.
      Armor: None
      Type of Weapon: Mut has her husband for that.

      Typical Companions:

      Sekhmet, Bast, Hathor, Isis—it's girls night out every night!

      Known Hangouts:

      The palace
      Amun-Ra's temple
      Fancy shopping malls
      Near the pool
      State dinners

    • Sightings

      Jan 1, 1970 - Dec 21, 2019

      The World Mother

      In the beginning, there was only water and darkness. The ancient Egyptians understood the original water as a woman, Nun (or Naunet), and also called it Mut, for "mother." Ta-da!

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      The Mut Precinct

      Mut gets a huge temple of her own inside the giant, mile-long Karnak Temple complex. This is the first time we know Mut gets to wear the double crown. It's appropriate, since Hatshepsut is a female king (a woman who gets to wear the double crown herself).

      Jan 1, 1970 - Dec 20, 2019

      A Plague of Lioness Statues

      Amunhotep III dedicates hundreds of life-sized stone statues of Sekhmet-Mut to the Mut temple at Karnak. They line the processional ways from the temple in all directions to scare off a plague that is killing many people in Egypt. Even today, many of these statues are still in place or featured in museum collections all over the world.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Banned!

      Under Akhenaten, Karnak and Luxor temples were closed, as he didn't like the priests of Amun-Ra. Mut's temples were also closed and her images were defaced. Boo.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Unbanned!

      One of the first things King Tut did, after Akhenaten died and he became king, was reopen the temples and start the worship of Egypt's many gods again. Mut's temples were restored alongside Amun-Ra's. One of the most beautiful statues in Karnak is an image of Tut and his wife Ankhesenamun sitting next to each other, dressed up as Amun-Ra and Mut. After King Tut died, his successor scratched out Tut's name and carved his own name and his wife's name on the statue (how rude). At least his wife's name, Mutnodjmet (meaning "Mut is sweet") was respectful.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Spreading the Love

      Mut's temples continued to grow, probably because Ramses II and his first (and most beloved) wife Nefertari loved her so much. The feeling was mutual. How do we know? Nefertari's middle name was Merytmut, "the one Mut loves," and Ramses dedicated life-sized statues of his wife as Mut to Karnak, just like King Tut had done for his wife Ankhesenamun.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      Merging Mothers

      Mut, Isis, and Hathor are all different goddesses, with different backgrounds, husbands, and functions. Under the Ptolemaic pharaohs, though, they were put together to make a new super-goddess with the attributes of all three. At first, they kept all their names (as Isis-Mut-Hathor, or Hathor-Mut-Isis), but eventually, the three-form mother goddess that traveled to Rome and all the Roman Empire was just called Isis.

      Dec 20, 2019 - Dec 20, 2019

      A Second Life and Second-Hand Blocks

      Rome's second emperor, Tiberius Caesar, rebuilt Mut's temple at Karnak after it was destroyed in a Nile flood. Eventually the Romans needed stone for other buildings, and so they started taking the place apart. We know these stones came from Mut's temple because they didn't bother to remove any of their original art or carvings.