Study Guide

Pan (Faunus) - Band, Chorus, and Dance Club

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Band, Chorus, and Dance Club

The reed pipe playing Pan is all about music and dancing. He and the rest of the kids in this clique are always either playing instruments in the parking lot after school, singing loudly in the hallway between classes, or breaking it down in the lunchroom. They've got a need to express themselves, and nothing makes them happier than when everyone joins in. That means you, Shmoopers.

The Muses 

These nine beautiful goddesses are the inspiration for all of the arts and love to sing and dance all day up on Mt. Parnassus. They're good friends with the god Apollo, who was said to direct their choir. The Muses also have the flying horse, Pegasus, as a pet. (That has nothing to do with music, but having a flying horse is just cool.)


The Sirens are definitely the bad girls of this popular clique. Most of the other members are all about using music to inspire joy and inspiration in those around them. The Sirens, on the other hand, like to use music to cause death and destruction by luring sailors to their deaths on jagged rocks. (Hmm, not as awesome.)


This Greek hero is the greatest musician of them all, and is said to be the son of the Muse Calliope. He basically invented the job of rock star. Among other things, he's famous for saving his fellow Argonauts from the Sirens' song by drowning out their voices with a song of his own.


Orpheus's brother was a musician, too. Actually, he was said to have been one of Orpheus's first music teachers. (Well done, big bro.) Linus was also the musical tutor of young Heracles, but that ended up being the job that killed him. Unfortunately for Linus, Heracles had an awful temper even when he was a kid: he cracked Linus on the head with Linus's own lyre after the music teacher corrected him. (Ouch.)


Apollo is the god of music itself and is said to be a master of the lyre. Among his many other duties, he leads the choir of the Muses. Clearly, this dude was in the music club.


This famous messenger of the gods may not be the god of music, but he did invent the lyre. That makes him a pretty important member of this clique if you ask us. Hermes also happens to be Pan's dad, and we're guessing the little goat-god got some of his music skills from him.

The Asparas and the Gandharvas

The Asparas are ladies from Indian mythology who are whole lot like the Muses. In the same way that the Muses spend most of their time singing and dancing in the court of Zeus, the Asparas spend a lot of time entertaining in the god Indra's court. The Asparas are said to be married to the Gandharvas, dudes who hang out in Indra's court all day, playing music for their lovely wives to dance to.


This early Egyptian goddess is all about music and dancing. She's closely associated with the sistrum, a rattle-like instrument that's perfect for when you want to shake your booty like it's nobody's business. Hathor is usually seen breaking it down with her son, Ihy. The Greeks generally associated Hathor and Ihy with Aphrodite and Eros.


These horse-headed spirits from Indian tradition spend all day singing and dancing in the court of Kubera, the ugly dwarf god of riches. Basically, the Kinnaras are kind of like a bizarro world version of the Muses.


This lady is a Mesopotamian goddess of music who did a lot of mournful wailing with the goddess Ishtar when she lost her love, Tamuz.

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