Study Guide

Bearded Oaks Introduction

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Bearded Oaks Introduction

Duck under the trailing beard of Spanish moss, and you'll catch two lovers lying there, silently, as day shifts into night. It's with that kind of intimacy that Robert Penn Warren leads you into "Bearded Oaks," published first in Poetry magazine in 1937, and anthologized pretty much ever since.

Warren won three Pulitzer Prizes, two for poetry and one for his novel All the King's Men, making him the only author to win for both genres. Warren was also named the first U.S. Poet Laureate in 1986. This guy was big, but not high and mighty. Far from it. He would have you read the poem for itself, and skip the supporting materials. (Don't do it, though. If he were around now, do you think he could resist getting his Shmoop on?) He famously wrote "The world means only itself." And, he'd have you know, the poem was its own kind of world.

Warren teamed up with a bunch of other Southern writers associated with Vanderbilt University (his alma mater and where he later taught) to form "The Fugitives." These Southern renegades were sick of all the sentimental claptrap and the insistence that everything should be read through a biographical lens. They wanted to break out of the theoretical handcuffs that were slapped on poetry back then. They pushed for a "New Criticism," which looked at just the poem and thinking for yourself. So, why not take a page from the Fugitives' book, take a peek under this oak? Maybe you can lie down there too to see the world as it's meant to be seen: as itself.

What is Bearded Oaks About and Why Should I Care?

Although better known for his novels, Robert Penn Warren's poems provide a much more intimate expression for this literary lion. If you've never experienced his poetry, this poem is a great introduction. It's pretty much "brand Warren,, given its subject and the way he approaches it; a natural scene sends this thinking, feeling man into a kind of reverie. Man is dwarfed by nature. What are all these little human trifles next to trees and sun and planetary movement? What can a little guy and his girl do against the dimming light, even if they're really in love? Warren said, "What is a poem but a hazardous attempt at self-understanding?" And here you were thinking poetry was for people who stayed inside, like stamp collectors.

It may seem to you that a poem like this is anything but hazardous. Even if you do venture out to experience it for yourself, where's the danger in lying under a tree and watching the sun go down? But if you let this poem draw you in, you too may be confronted with a vastness of a universe that is, well, pretty unsettling. Starting with a description of the trees and sunlight, this poem makes its way through until it reaches big questions of love, history's undoing, and eternity. If you've ever looked around you and wondered about the "big picture" of life, the universe, and everything, then this poem is for you. 

Bearded Oaks Resources

Check out this amazingly complete website honoring the life and work of RPW.

Read his New York Times obituary.

Literary Fugitives
Check out what those rebellious Southern poets were up to at this website.


Fugitive Video
Their name sounds like the name of a band, and in some ways the Fugitives were that. They had a sound all their own. Get an earful and eyeful here.

Warren and Dickey
James Dickey and Robert Penn Warren once got poetic in a field of flowers.


"The Nature of a Mirror"
If you haven't heard Warren's voice, do yourself a favor.

"Love Recognized"
Click here to hear more of his wonderful twang.


Warren @ Vanderbilt
What's that sly look for?

Old Robert
Here he is, still smiling.

The Fugitives
The gang's all here.

Oak in Need of a Shave
Get a load of the beard.

Articles and Interviews

An "Intellectual" Poet
Check out this review of Eleven Poems on the Same Theme.

The Paris Review Interview
Warren chews the fat with the likes of Ralph Ellison.


Eleven Poems on the Same Theme
"Bearded Oaks" first appeared in this 25-page chapbook.

The Collected Poems of Robert Penn Warren
Read 'em all right here.

Understanding Poetry by Robert Penn Warren and Cleanth Brooks
This book is credited as revolutionizing the teaching of poetry.

Movies & TV

Prophets & Poets
Here's a documentary about Warren as a novelist, but also a great taste of his life and friendship with Ralph Ellison, courtesy of public television.

Warren's Novels Turned Into Movies
All the Kings Men (1949)

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