Study Guide

Ode to a Nightingale Happiness

By John Keats


Is "happiness" or "unhappiness" a more appropriate theme for "Ode to a Nightingale"? We're not sure. The speaker is mighty unhappy about the demands placed on him by life, time, and age. He hates to consider that young, beautiful people – the Romantic A-list – will eventually be old and incoherent. But he claims that the "ache" his heart feels is due to extreme happiness for the nightingale, so we'll have to take his word for it. He seems content enough, at least, to have an "I could die happy" moment around the middle of the poem.

Questions About Happiness

  1. What does the speaker find so satisfying about the experience of being in the forest at night?
  2. What does the speaker find to upsetting about life and the "real world," and why is he so desperate to escape?
  3. How does the speaker feel after the nightingale has flown away?

Chew on This

The speaker is jealous of the nightingale's immortality. His so-called "happiness" is just self-pity.

The poem argues that we cannot create our own happiness; it is dependent on the world around us.