ACT English 3.1 Punctuation
ACT English: Punctuation Drill 3, Problem 1. How should this sentence be changed so that it is grammatically correct?
|Conventions||Demonstrate command of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling|
|Handwriting, Capitalization, Punctuation||Punctuation Marks|
|Product Type||ACT English|
|Punctuation||Colons, Hyphens, and Apostrophes|
|Sentence Structure||Improper Punctuation|
|Test Prep||ACT English|
But, what do colons do? Like, when they aren't the eyes of an emoticon smiley face?
A colon is used before an explanation, or a list. The part before the colon has to be
an independent clause, meaning it has to stand on its own.
Let's look through the answers to first see which ones start with an independent clause,
and have a list after the colon. A has a complete independent clause, but the
part after the colon is not an explanation. Instead, it's a continuation of the sentence.
What about B? We're back to a semicolon here. Well remember, both sides of the semicolon
have to be able to stand alone as sentences. The second half doesn't look particularly
promising. It's definitely not a complete sentence. Let's move on.
Does C work? Let's first look at whether or not the first clause is a complete sentence.
The words "no change" at the end just hang on to the sentence, so, no.
That leaves us with D. The first part is a complete independent clause, and the second
half explains the decision. Bingo. Just so you know, this sentence is now out
of colonoscopy surgery and is doing just fine.