Sudan has gone through a number of important political changes and tragedies. Check out our video for a brief overview.
|World History||African History|
massive amounts of land as they went.
This bout of binge eating is still causing the world a massive stomachache. [The Earth looking unhappy and sick]
The British allies ended up creating a country made up of lots of random people…Bantu
farmers, Arabs, nomadic herders….
and a whole bunch of others. And what happens when we throw a bunch of people who don’t really have much in common
into one room?
Something that makes Wrestlemania look like two puppies tussling in the yard. [Dogs play fighting]
Even though they have sweet oil reserves, the Sudan was extremely undeveloped as a society.
But they do have a lot weapons.
We think it’s safe to say that disorganized societies with lots of guns are about as stable
a bowl of Jello.
This has definitely been true in the Sudan. [Sudan with gunshot wounds]
When people rise up, they really rise up.
There are two regions in the Sudan where the fighting has been the worst: the South and
a region called Darfur.
The South is full of Christian Bantu farmers and has historically been ignored by the Sudanese
The world community, though, loves South Sudan for its oil reserves. [Rest of the world patting South Sudan on the back]
The South had been a-risin' in Sudan since the 1970s, but things heated up from the Second
Sudanese War from 1983-2005. [War footage]
South Sudanese forces used conflict oil and foreign support to win several key victories.
As part of the peace process, the Sudanese government agreed to a referendum, or public
vote, on the issue in 2011.
And guess what?
This referendum passed. [Man sat on the toilet with a newspaper]
And South Sudan became the world's newest country.
Welcome aboard, guys.
Unfortunately, being a country is kinda hard. You gotta put together an Olympic team..
And South Sudan is facing its own uprising by non-Christian and ethnically distinct Luo
Darfur, a France-sized region in western Sudan, on the other hand, had no religious problems. [Darfur holding up 'coexist' sign]
That was good, right?
It had non-religious problems, instead.
Though virtually everyone is Muslim, big divisions exist between Bantu farmers and Arab herders.
It's a lot like the conflict between farmers and cowherds in Oklahoma, just with less singing.
And the weather has made tensions worse. [Intense sun on dry land]
With the rise in global temperatures in the 1990s, the Sahara Desert expanded.
Thanks, global warming.
Many of Sudan's traditional grazing pastures have been covered by burning sand. [Cow stood in desert sands]
And few good things come whenever anything is covered with burning sand.
Desperate Arab herders started eyeing the cropland of Bantu farmers in Darfur.
The government supported the Arabs against the Bantu.
So, of course, the Bantu farmers rebelled in 2003. [Bantu farmer holding up a pitchfork to Arab herder]
Hoping to crush the new rebellions, the government encouraged militia groups, called the Janjaweed
to destroy Bantu villages and make room for Arab herders. [Janjaweed soldier chucks bomb onto Bantu farmer's home]
The Janjaweed sometimes rounded up Bantu into camps, or attacked the outskirts of refugee
This has lead some to call the Darfur conflict a genocide and others to say…genocide shmenocide. Mumbling
And even though it might sound cute, well not much good has ever come from anybody saying that. [Tomatoes are chucked at man]