African History 1: Sahara Desert and Tuareg People
We're sure you all know about the Sahara Desert. It's so hot right now. Today we'll learn about the Sahara, and the Tuareg people who live there.
|World History||African History|
car. [A chef cooking on the hood of a car]
As tasty as Sahara hood-food sounds, it might not be the best idea because of all the dust.
The Sahara gets less than three inches of rain per year, making it the world’s largest [Man playing in a sandpit]
While that would be fun for a giant baby, it makes for a pretty harsh environment for
Especially since all that sand gets continually whipped around by the Sahara’s winds. [Sand whizzing around the Sahara in the wind]
It’s so intense that there are actually names for three distinctive kinds of Saharan [Three Saharan types of wind dressed as people]
Haboob is the Arabic word for a "wild, sand-laden wind."
Khamsin, or "50 days," is a wind that begins in March and blows across the desert until [Khamsin waving]
Harmattan's name means "to tear your breath apart."
Wow, that one might even top "Haboob."
There's another wind for what congress says about all this but that's a different kind of wind.
While most nations are only interested in the Sahara when they’ve got a hankering
for fossil fuels…
There are a few people who aren’t afraid to call the desert home. [Man fixing a home sweet home sign]
The best known of all of them are the Tuareg, people so tough Volkswagen named a car after
These are the desert nomads who still have the know-how to travel hundreds of miles across [Tuareg tribe on camels travelling across the Sahara]
the desert in camel caravans.
All this while wearing layers and veils—well, the men wear the veils anyway.
The Tuareg also have a thing for jewelry, which they traditionally believe can have [Tuareg man wearing lots of jewelry]
the power to protect them from evil.
Pendants like the four pointed cross and the hand of Fatima are handed down through the
Don’t go thinking that even though the Tuareg live in one of the harshest environments on [Women fanning a Tuareg man while he lays in bed]
Earth, that they don’t have a few comforts.
The main one of these is tea, which they drink five to seven times a day. [Tuareg man drinking tea on the Sahara]
They even know how to brew tea without stopping the camels.
Camel fires are avoided by the use of smoking braziers.
This is a good thing.
Nobody likes a camel fire. [A camel stood above a campfire]
Especially the camels.
So take it from the Tuareg…
If you want to survive in one of the most extreme environments on Earth, step one is
to stay caffeinated. [Tuareg man on a camel drinking tea]