AP English Language and Composition: Comprehension Drill 1, Problem 5. The principal analogy the speaker makes in the passage is between what and what?
|AP English Language and Composition||Comprehension|
Blah, blah, blah... [ mumbles ]
[ mumbling continues ]
[ further mumbling ]
[ more mumbling ]
All right, here we go.
The principal analogy the speaker makes in the passage is between
what and what? And here are the potential answers.
And let's go.
An analogy is a comparison between two ideas or things.
They're usually a little more complicated
than similes and metaphors,
which are also in the comparison business.
In fact, similes and metaphors are often part of
a larger analogy.
Here's an example.
We start with a simple simile: life is like a monkey.
But then it gets more complicated.
Sometimes it smiles and gives you hugs.
But other times it randomly bombards you with poop.
Well, let's take a look at what analogy our speaker is making.
The key here is that the question is looking for the overarching
analogy of the entire passage,
so anything that's too specific can go.
Choices A and B are both easy to eliminate for this reason.
Both mention architecture as a main point of comparison.
While the author does give a shout-out to the Romans
for their architectural innovation, the passage
isn't all that concerned with architecture in general.
Oh. 'Cause this isn't worth your time. [ buzzer ]
We can get rid of choice D, as well.
To the disappointment of Sunday school teachers everywhere,
the author doesn't mention spirituality
anywhere in the passage.
And I tried so hard with him... [ buzzer ]
Option C is the closest so far. The complicated relationship
between the art and the artist is discussed,
but there's something bigger going on in this passage.
It's like she doesn't even see me anymore.
[ buzzer ] The correct answer is E.
The author takes us through all this goo-zum-goo
mud pie talk to set up the analogy that
nations are not different from children.
He's not saying that nations act like kids,
though that's probably true, as well.
Instead, the author is saying that Western civilization's
relationship with art
waxed and waned in the same way a kid's does.
We were all primitive with it in the caveman days,
perfected our skills with the Greeks, then had to grow up
and focus on practical things during the Roman era.
Personally, we take caveman mudpie over Roman era
boring job any day.
[ splat ] [ groan ]