AP English Language and Composition 4.10 Passage Drill
Do you know a prepositional phrase when you see one? Take a look at this AP English Language and Composition question and find out.
|AP||AP English Language and Composition|
|AP English Language and Composition||Passage Drill|
|Comprehension and Inference||Referents of Pronouns|
|Conventions||Demonstrate command of grammar conventions|
|Test Prep||AP English Language and Composition|
We're reading.. We're reading... We're skimming.
[ mumbles ]
Okay, here we go. In line 33, "is"
refers to which of the following words?
And here are the potential answers.
[ mumbles ]
All right, well the trick here is knowing a prepositional phrase when we see one.
At their most basic level,
prepositional phrases are made up of a preposition
and a noun
which functions as the object of the preposition.
All right, so for example, if we slap the preposition "of"
together with the noun "scorpions,"
we get the prepositional phrase "of scorpions."
Yeah we like our prepositional phrases to be a little bit dangerous.
All right, most of the time, prepositional phrases function like
adjectives or adverbs
usually describing things like nouns or verbs.
So in the sentence
"John fell into a pit of scorpions,"
"of scorpions" modifies the noun "pit."
And "into a pit" modifies the verb "fell." Get it?
Uh, okay, back to the question at hand.
To which noun is the verb "is" referring?
Well, since "is"
is the main verb of the sentence, it'd better be referring to the subject.
Right? Or else the grammar police are gonna come down hard on all of us.
Now that we know how to spot prepositional phrases, we can eliminate
most of these options really quickly.
Three - count 'em, three - of these choices are the object
of a preposition, so they can't be the subject of the sentence.
Bing bing bing.
Choice B is wrong because "belief" is the
object of the phrase "on belief."
A can go because "realisation" is the object of the phrase
"in an external realisation."
And E is eliminated because it's the object of the phrase
"of the good." So these choices are dropping like flies.
It'll be easier to find out which of these nouns is the subject of the sentence
if we scrape away all this prepositional phrase business.
It's a lot of frosting and we're looking for good cake.
All right, so now we're down to "insistence is a form."
Well, it's pretty hard to miss that "insistence" is the subject of the sentence,
since it's the thing that's doing somethin'. What's it doin'?
Being a form.
The noun "form" is telling us what insistence is doing,
making it the direct object.
So it looks like option C is out and D takes home the prize.
And before we go, we have to go back to option A.
We let this slide earlier, but
"realisation" spelled with an S?
Like, c'mon, England.
Yeah, you liked jazz.
[ buzz ]