AP Psychology 2.3 History and Approaches

AP Psychology 2.3 History and Approaches. Which of the following does Diana exhibit?

AP PsychologyHistory and Approaches
History and ApproachesApplying Theories to Explain
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:23

stuck-up snobbery is not an option here

00:28

well right off the bat we can eliminate A - a cross-cultural [Girls sitting on sofa eating]

00:32

perspective is one in which someone can observe and compare differences between

00:36

in and among cultures kind of sounds like what Diana is doing right? not quite, the

00:41

term is meant to imply objectivity and as with all empirical research it holds [Teacher discussing objectivity]

00:46

no inherent judgment or bias and we don't know about you but anytime someone

00:50

calls us inferior we feel a little judged, words hurt Diana... C isn't what

00:55

we're looking for either while it's clear that the only individual's opinion [Girl meditating on living room floor]

00:58

Diana cares about is Diana's that's not quite what individualism is all about

01:02

it's actually more of a social and philosophical outlook that emphasizes [Diana teaching social and philosophical outlook]

01:06

the worth of an individual and believes that the rights of the individual should

01:10

come before the interests of the collective while we're sure Diana firmly

01:14

believes the rights of Diana should come before anything else this isn't the best [Diana protesting Diana's rights]

01:18

answer choice here so we can nix it from our list we can also get rid of answer E

01:22

collectivism well collectivism is the exact opposite of individualism it's a

01:27

social outlook that emphasizes the significance of the group over the

01:32

individual think the collective good what's best for the group is best for [Diana clone appears from cloning machine]

01:37

the individual all right and while Diana clearly values her culture ie her group

01:41

this still isn't the best option on our list and not to be a debbie downer but

01:46

cynicism definitely isn't what we're looking for

01:49

either cynicism refers to the belief that people are motivated by [Lots of Diana clones appear from machine]

01:52

self-interest and while we could make the argument that Diana's view is

01:55

cynical would there really be any point anyway cynicism still isn't the best

01:59

choice.....The best choice here is

02:02

B ethnocentrism, otherwise known as a belief that one's culture is better than [Diana and clones protesting with flag of Diana]

02:07

all others otherwise known as Diana.com an ethnocentric Diana

02:13

person uses their own culture as a standard and then compares and contrasts

02:18

it to other cultures in an effort to demonstrate their cultures superiority [Diana using megaphone in the street with clones]

02:22

sounds absurd, unfair and inherently biased yeah that's because it is but

02:27

absurd, unfair and inherently biased-ism doesn't roll off the tongue as easy as

02:32

ethnocentrism so now if you'd excuse us we're going to go look into cynicism a

02:36

bit more it sounds like something we might be interested in but it [Boy punching laptop screen in frustration]

02:40

probably won't work out