AP U.S. History Exam 1.29

AP U.S. History Exam 1.29. How might someone who believed in Social Darwinism respond to the image?

APAP U.S. History
AP U.S. HistoryExam
Cultural and Intellectual Response to the Gilded AgeSocial Darwinism
The Social Gospel
LanguageEnglish Language
Test PrepAP U.S. History
U.S. HistoryAP U.S. History

Transcript

00:16

And here are the potential answers.

00:17

[ birds chirping ]

00:22

Well, during the Gilded Age, extreme wealth

00:25

managed to become even more extreme,

00:27

particularly for big business owners.

00:29

Let's see how followers of Social Darwinism would have

00:31

felt about this survival of the richest.

00:35

Would a Social Darwinist have responded

00:38

to this image by saying A -

00:40

Rockefeller benefited from the stable grounding of his parents?

00:43

Hmm. Well, Social Darwinists thought the wealthy

00:45

earned their money through superior minds and bodies,

00:49

not from whatever tangible benefits

00:51

their parents or the government might have given them.

00:53

That's a no-go on A and on C.

00:55

Could Social Darwinists have felt that B -

00:57

Rockefeller was responsible for sharing his wealth with the poor?

01:01

Well, many of these tycoons were in fact quite generous with

01:04

their money, donating funds to build

01:06

hospitals, libraries, and other public institutions.

01:08

Social Darwinists, however, felt that Rockefeller

01:10

had no obligation to help the unfit survive.

01:14

Which means that Social Darwinists would have responded

01:17

to the image by saying that D -

01:19

Rockefeller's intelligence and strength led to his wealth.

01:22

The main tenet of Social Darwinism

01:24

was that the inherently strong

01:26

would see their wealth and power increase

01:28

while the inherently weak would see the opposite.

01:31

So D is the correct answer.

01:32

Under criticism that this natural selection

01:35

of rich over poor was actually quite unnatural,

01:38

Social Darwinism eventually fell out of favor

01:41

and society shifted to a more evolved point of view.

01:46

[ plop ]