AP U.S. History Exam 1.29. How might someone who believed in Social Darwinism respond to the image?
|AP||AP U.S. History|
|AP U.S. History||Exam|
|Cultural and Intellectual Response to the Gilded Age||Social Darwinism|
The Social Gospel
|Test Prep||AP U.S. History|
|U.S. History||AP U.S. History|
And here are the potential answers.
[ birds chirping ]
Well, during the Gilded Age, extreme wealth
managed to become even more extreme,
particularly for big business owners.
Let's see how followers of Social Darwinism would have
felt about this survival of the richest.
Would a Social Darwinist have responded
to this image by saying A -
Rockefeller benefited from the stable grounding of his parents?
Hmm. Well, Social Darwinists thought the wealthy
earned their money through superior minds and bodies,
not from whatever tangible benefits
their parents or the government might have given them.
That's a no-go on A and on C.
Could Social Darwinists have felt that B -
Rockefeller was responsible for sharing his wealth with the poor?
Well, many of these tycoons were in fact quite generous with
their money, donating funds to build
hospitals, libraries, and other public institutions.
Social Darwinists, however, felt that Rockefeller
had no obligation to help the unfit survive.
Which means that Social Darwinists would have responded
to the image by saying that D -
Rockefeller's intelligence and strength led to his wealth.
The main tenet of Social Darwinism
was that the inherently strong
would see their wealth and power increase
while the inherently weak would see the opposite.
So D is the correct answer.
Under criticism that this natural selection
of rich over poor was actually quite unnatural,
Social Darwinism eventually fell out of favor
and society shifted to a more evolved point of view.
[ plop ]