AP U.S. Government 3.2 Civil Rights and Liberties

AP U.S. Government 3.2 Civil Rights and Liberties. In Gideon v. Wainwright the Court held that what?

AP U.S. GovernmentCivil Rights and Liberties
Civil RightsSubstantive Rights and Liberties
LanguageEnglish Language

Transcript

00:19

let's go All right It can't be a good feeling

00:21

when one's been arrested and is facing legal charges Trust

00:25

us We've watched a lot of courtroom dramas but even

00:28

in those dark moments the constitution shines a light on

00:31

our legal rights the ones provided by the fifth sixth

00:34

and eighth amendments Well the fifth amendment among other things

00:38

protects us from being a witness against ourselves when we're

00:41

on trial The sixth amendment is all about the right

00:44

to a speedy trial by jury Eighth amendment prohibits all

00:48

that cruel and unusual punishment stuff Those amendments were with

00:52

us from the get go So let's See what gideon

00:54

v wainwright had tto add to the legal mix Did

00:57

the supreme court holden gideon v wainwright that a african

01:00

american defendants tend to receive the death sentence more frequently

01:03

than white defendants No that was fermin v georgia which

01:07

actually led to a suspension of all state death penalties

01:09

for four years until fairer sentencing laws were addressed in

01:13

greg v georgia that rules out a did gideon v

01:16

wainwright provide that seat The states must provide poor defendants

01:20

with a lawyer in on ly capital cases Ever hear

01:23

of the scottsboro boys Well they were a group of

01:26

nine black men accused of raping two white women and

01:30

all but one of them were sentenced to death after

01:32

some very quick one day trials even though their lawyer

01:36

had almost no time to prepare Well the supreme court

01:39

overturned those convictions in powell v alabama arguing that the

01:42

state must appoint a lawyer for poor defendants when accused

01:46

of a capital crime which means one where someone might

01:49

be executed Right So we can drop all charges against

01:53

c did the supreme court rule in gideon v wainwright

01:56

that d all arrested persons are entitled to a reasonable

02:00

bail Well actually protection from excessive bail dates all the

02:03

way back to the eighth and then itself so we

02:05

can get rid of it What about the idea that

02:07

e arrested persons must be informed of their rights upon

02:10

Arrest Remember miranda v arizona Yeah that's where the supreme

02:15

court ruled that suspects under arrest must be informed of

02:18

the right to an attorney and the right to remain

02:20

silent basically all the rights we've gone over in this

02:23

question So if he has the wrong rights for us

02:26

that means that in gideon v wainwright the court held

02:28

that beat the states must provide poor defendants with a

02:32

lawyer in all cases taking things one step further than

02:36

pal v alabama gideon v wainwright established the right to

02:39

counsel for all cases In other words if we can't

02:42

afford an attorney the state must provide us with one

02:46

paid for by the public's tax dollars so that we

02:49

can have a fair trial That makes be the correct

02:51

answer The right to a free attorney in all trials

02:54

was a huge step forward for protecting the rights of

02:57

the accused But if our lawyers working for free well 00:03:01.128 --> [endTime] sometimes we uh we get what we pay for