AP U.S. History Diagnostic 20

AP U.S. History Diagnostic 20. Why were Mexican immigrants able to freely enter the United States despite the restrictions mentioned in the excerpt?

APAP U.S. History
AP U.S. HistoryExam
LanguageEnglish Language
Test PrepAP U.S. History
The Migrant ExperienceImmigration Restrictions following WWI
U.S. HistoryAP U.S. History

Transcript

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[ mumbles ]

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Hmm. And the question:

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Why were Mexican immigrants able to

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freely enter the United States despite

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the restrictions mentioned in the excerpt?

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And here are your potential answers.

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[ mumbles ]

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[ mumbling continues ]

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All right. Well, following World War I, the United States

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decided to hang a

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"sorry, we're closed" sign on Ellis Island,

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restricting immigration through a series of caps and quotas.

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Mexican immigrants, however, weren't subject to these new rules.

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Let's see which answer can explain

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their gold star status.

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Were Mexican immigrants allowed to freely enter the U.S.

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A - to hold up the philosophies of the Monroe Doctrine?

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Well, it'd be grand to think

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the American government wanted to uphold previous

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positions by playing nice with its friends down south, but

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there's something else at work here.

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And that knocks at A and D.

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We weren't just being, like, nice.

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Sort of.

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Would the U.S. have allowed Mexican immigrants to

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freely enter the U.S. C -

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to allow for separated families to be reunited?

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Nice again. A noble cause,

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but this kind of preferential treatment towards

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family members didn't come into play

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until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.

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All right, so it's not C, either.

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Which means that Mexican immigrants were able to enter the U.S.

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despite restrictions on immigration

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B - to ensure the availability of inexpensive farm labor.

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Isolationist policies may have been

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the hot topic following World War I,

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but the desire for cheap labor was a close second.

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So the U.S. made a deal with Mexico to keep a regular stream of

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laborers flowing in,

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regardless of quotas put in place.

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That makes B the right answer.

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Though this inexpensive labor was integral to the growth of agricultural profits,

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many Mexicans and Mexican-Americans were

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deported once the Great Depression hit and jobs became

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scarce, thank you very much.

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So much for good neighbor policy.

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