AP U.S. History Diagnostic 22

AP U.S. History Diagnostic 22. Which established foreign policy was the National Security Council Report used to solidify?

APAP U.S. History
AP U.S. HistoryExam
LanguageEnglish Language
Test PrepAP U.S. History
The Cold WarAttempts to Contain Communism
U.S. HistoryAP U.S. History

Transcript

00:19

All right, and the question:

00:21

Which established foreign policy was the National Security Council Report used to solidify?

00:27

And here are your potential answers.

00:28

[ mumbles ] All right.

00:33

Okay, all right. What clues can we glean

00:35

from this National Security Council Report? Hmm?

00:38

It says that the act of force is "a last resort

00:42

for a free society." Right there.

00:44

And should be only be allowed

00:45

"when another society seeks to impose its will" on others.

00:50

Different "will."

00:51

So we need to figure out which established

00:53

foreign policy in the answers benefitted

00:56

from this new forceful rationale.

00:58

Was the National Security Council Report used

01:01

to solidify A - intervention in Vietnam?

01:04

Well, that seems like it could work, but take a look at the question again.

01:07

We're looking for an established

01:10

foreign policy, and this report came out in 1950.

01:12

We didn't "intervene"

01:14

in Vietnam with ground troops until 1965.

01:17

So that eliminates A.

01:19

Was this report used to back up B -

01:21

key points of the Monroe Doctrine?

01:24

[ chuckles ] The Monroe Doctrine was about European

01:26

intervention in North and South America

01:29

during the 1800s.

01:31

Long time ago.

01:32

The National Security Council Report was based on the Truman Doctrine,

01:36

which was a U.S. policy designed to stop

01:38

Soviet expansion during the Cold War.

01:41

Monroe you didn't. It's not B, either.

01:44

Could the National Security Council Report have been used to support C -

01:48

isolation following World War II?

01:50

Well, quite the opposite, actually.

01:52

The emphasis on intervention over diplomacy pushed the U.S.

01:56

far away from the isolationist

01:58

policies it had held after World War I.

02:01

So that forces out C, as well.

02:03

Which means that this report was used to solidify D -

02:06

Cold War containment of communism.

02:09

The policy of containment designed to prevent the spread

02:11

of Communism was a big priority at the start of the Cold War.

02:14

By detailing specific situations and cases where

02:17

force could be used, the National Security Council Report

02:20

solidified the idea of containment in a practical sense.

02:23

So D is the correct answer.

02:25

When it was first published in 1950, the NSC Report was

02:28

classified top secret,

02:30

and it wasn't made public until 1975.

02:33

Even the best-sealed containers have an expiration date.

02:36

Yeah. Remember that "best if used by" thing?

02:39

Well, maybe this wasn't that.

02:40

[ crash ]