AP U.S. History Diagnostic 22. Which established foreign policy was the National Security Council Report used to solidify?
|AP||AP U.S. History|
|AP U.S. History||Exam|
|Test Prep||AP U.S. History|
|The Cold War||Attempts to Contain Communism|
|U.S. History||AP U.S. History|
All right, and the question:
Which established foreign policy was the National Security Council Report used to solidify?
And here are your potential answers.
[ mumbles ] All right.
Okay, all right. What clues can we glean
from this National Security Council Report? Hmm?
It says that the act of force is "a last resort
for a free society." Right there.
And should be only be allowed
"when another society seeks to impose its will" on others.
So we need to figure out which established
foreign policy in the answers benefitted
from this new forceful rationale.
Was the National Security Council Report used
to solidify A - intervention in Vietnam?
Well, that seems like it could work, but take a look at the question again.
We're looking for an established
foreign policy, and this report came out in 1950.
We didn't "intervene"
in Vietnam with ground troops until 1965.
So that eliminates A.
Was this report used to back up B -
key points of the Monroe Doctrine?
[ chuckles ] The Monroe Doctrine was about European
intervention in North and South America
during the 1800s.
Long time ago.
The National Security Council Report was based on the Truman Doctrine,
which was a U.S. policy designed to stop
Soviet expansion during the Cold War.
Monroe you didn't. It's not B, either.
Could the National Security Council Report have been used to support C -
isolation following World War II?
Well, quite the opposite, actually.
The emphasis on intervention over diplomacy pushed the U.S.
far away from the isolationist
policies it had held after World War I.
So that forces out C, as well.
Which means that this report was used to solidify D -
Cold War containment of communism.
The policy of containment designed to prevent the spread
of Communism was a big priority at the start of the Cold War.
By detailing specific situations and cases where
force could be used, the National Security Council Report
solidified the idea of containment in a practical sense.
So D is the correct answer.
When it was first published in 1950, the NSC Report was
classified top secret,
and it wasn't made public until 1975.
Even the best-sealed containers have an expiration date.
Yeah. Remember that "best if used by" thing?
Well, maybe this wasn't that.
[ crash ]