AP U.S. History Exam 1.23. Which piece of legislation was the image created in response to?
|AP||AP U.S. History|
|AP U.S. History||Exam|
|Responses to Slavery||Campaign Against Slavery|
The Defense of Slavery
|Test Prep||AP U.S. History|
|U.S. History||AP U.S. History|
And here are your potential answers.
[ mumbles ]
All right, well, let's take a closer look at this hair-raising image.
Those men - the ones standing on the Democratic platform -
they're forcing slavery down the throat of a Free Soiler,
someone opposed to the expansion of slavery in the Western territories.
Could this image have been created as a response to the
passage of the A - Compromise of 1850?
Hmm. Well, the Compromise of 1850 allowed
California to be admitted as a free state,
as well as delaying decisions about slavery in
the New Mexico and Utah territories.
And while we're on the subject of compromises,
the Missouri Compromise closed
Kansas to slavery altogether.
So Free Soilers would have rooted for
both of these legislative acts. So cross out A and C.
Was this image published as a reaction to the
D - Fugitive Slave Act?
Well, the Fugitive Slave Act required
that escaped slaves in the North
be returned to their owners in the South,
forcing those against slavery to take
part in its continuation.
However, Free Soilers were specifically
opposed to the expansion of slavery, not necessarily its
eradication in places it already existed.
So that knocks out D, as well.
Which means that this cartoon was a reaction to the
passage of the B - Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act changed the game by
overturning the Missouri Compromise,
which allowed citizens in Kansas and Nebraska
to decide on the slavery issue through
popular sovereignty. In the eyes of the Free Soilers, this was like
having slavery shoved down their very large throats.
So B is the right answer.
Though there were plenty of people out there in favor of
the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the Free Soilers thought this
whole popular sovereignty thing was, uh, well,