AP U.S. History Exam 2.23

Which major contrasts does the excerpt highlight? Bonus points if you saluted and said "major contrast". Did you do it? Good, you've got the...general idea. Double bonus points if you did it again. 

APAP U.S. History
AP U.S. HistoryExam
LanguageEnglish Language
Responses to SlaveryConflict Between Free-Labor and Slavery
Test PrepAP U.S. History
U.S. HistoryAP U.S. History

Transcript

00:20

[ mumbles ]

00:23

Cannibals All! Or Slaves Without Masters.

00:26

[ mumbles ]

00:28

And the question:

00:29

Which of the following major contrasts does the excerpt highlight?

00:33

All right, major contrasts...

00:35

[ dog barks ]

00:36

[ mumbles ]

00:40

Well, in the excerpt, Fitzhugh writes that "free laborers have

00:43

less liberty than slaves,

00:45

are worse paid and provided for, and have

00:48

no valuable rights." [ chuckles sarcastically ]

00:51

[ indistinct ] ...that slaves enduring abuse and back-breaking work

00:54

for no pay would feel a little bit differently.

00:58

All right, well do Fitzhugh's sentiments towards

01:00

slavery highlight a major contrast B -

01:03

between the Republican and Democratic parties?

01:06

Although the issue of slavery was a major issue in both

01:08

the Republican and Democratic platforms, many Americans

01:10

at the time were joining regional splinter groups,

01:13

which led to the temporary dissolution of the two-party system.

01:19

So the party's over for B.

01:21

Does the excerpt describe C -

01:23

growing differences between states and new territories?

01:27

Well, as people moved out west into the mountains and plains,

01:29

their lives and experiences were bound to be different

01:31

from those living in the East.

01:33

But those differences weren't as ideologically extreme

01:36

as the ones between the North and the South.

01:41

Do Fitzhugh's comments reflect the D -

01:44

differing opinions within the abolitionist movement?

01:48

Well, abolitionists may have disagreed over

01:50

how they were gonna get rid of slavery, but they did agree on one thing:

01:53

they needed to get rid of it.

01:57

Fitzhugh, however, did not seem to have

01:59

too many issues with the institution, since

02:01

"the slave is taken care of, whether employed or not."

02:05

[ chuckles sarcastically ]

02:06

All right, which means the opinions on slavery in the excerpt

02:08

most reflect A - regional differences

02:11

between the Northern and Southern economies.

02:14

During the mid-1800s, the North and South were worlds apart

02:16

on slavery, since it was unacceptable in the North, but was

02:20

vital to the economy of the South. So the answer is A.

02:23

These regional differences led to the outbreak of the Civil War,

02:26

one of the most un-civil conflicts in all American history.