AP U.S. History 1.1 Period 1: 1491–1607

What kind of economic model did New England's environment encourage the Iroquois, and similar cultures, to adopt?

AP U.S. HistoryPeriod 1: 1491–1607
LanguageEnglish Language
Product TypeAP U.S. History
Settlement by Native PopulationsAgricultural and Hunter-Gatherer Economies in the East

Transcript

00:14

to develop which of the following economic models?

00:17

All right, these are the Iroquois, these guys. Buff, right here.

00:20

All right, and here are your potential answers.

00:22

[ whipping sound ]

00:22

All right, a mostly mobile lifestyle.

00:25

A mix of hu...

00:26

Total reliance on maize...

00:28

[ mumbles ]

00:30

All right, well, first things first...

00:32

What is an economic model?

00:34

Well, because we're picturing Heidi Klum

00:36

doing her taxes right now, uh...

00:38

That's probably wrong.

00:39

An economic model is really just

00:41

the system of production and payment used by a particular group of people.

00:46

In this case, the question wants us

00:48

to take a look at the life of the Iroquois, these folks,

00:51

and determine how they went about keeping their society, uh, afloat.

00:54

[ pop ]

00:55

Well, if we can take a quick skim over the answer choices,

00:57

we can see that they mostly refer to food.

01:00

Hunting-gathering, maize, fishing...

01:03

Well, yeah, that makes sense.

01:04

It's not like Native Americans were running down

01:06

to their local Piggly Wiggly to buy that week's groceries with Coupons.com.

01:10

They did their own thing.

01:11

The question is... what was that thing,

01:14

and how did they do it?

01:15

Well, answer A suggests they had a mostly mobile lifestyle.

01:19

Well, no, not really.

01:20

Now, in the Great Basin, where it was harder to forage and whatnot,

01:24

tribes would regularly move on once food became scarce.

01:27

But not the Iroquois; food was plentiful all around them.

01:30

[buzzer sounds ]

01:31

What about C, a reliance on maize production?

01:35

Uh, yeah, that looks fun, but we're actually referring to this type of maize...

01:39

[ clears throat ] Sorry, that was corny. [ titters ]

01:41

Okay, well yeah, certainly the Iroquois ate their fair share of maize,

01:45

but they didn't have a total reliance on it,

01:47

as choice C says.

01:48

[ buzzer sounds ]

01:49

Have you ever tried an all-corn diet?

01:51

Uh, we would not recommend it.

01:53

So, no, they must have needed something else to survive...

01:55

What about D, traditional fishing methods?

01:58

Well, no, most of them were inland, way too far from the coast.

02:02

And it's very tricky to talk a fish

02:04

into buying a train ticket to meet you in Schenectady...

02:06

Believe us, we've tried.

02:07

[ buzzer sounds ]

02:08

So, our answer has to be B -

02:10

hunting, gathering, and agriculture.

02:12

And, yeah, the big three for these guys

02:13

were squash, beans, and maize.

02:16

So, they did a lot of planting...

02:17

but they also did plenty of hunting on top of it.

02:19

[ ding ]

02:20

Which would have been much easier to do, uh,

02:22

if they could have found an open field...

02:26

Oh, well, sorry guys.